FBL CONSORTIUM IN ACTION
COICA - RIA: From concept to practice. COICA has been exploring the inclusion of Vaupes and Putumayo communities of Colombia in the Amazon Indigenous REDD+. RIA is an innovative approach to REDD+ developed by the Amazon Basin Indigenous Peoples. This approach is being coordinated by COICA and seeks to boost key elements of REDD+ in the Amazon region into national and regional climate change policies focusing on environmental and human rights. In coordination with ICAA (Initiative for Conservation in the Andean Amazon, also funded by USAID), COICA held workshops around RIA, life plans, improvement of livelihoods, and territorial governance and monitoring.
With the support of COICA and OPIAC, a consultant (Arcangel Luzardo) visited three CMARI communities to better understand what are their priorities regarding territorial governance and monitoring, and the improvement of their livelihoods. The document is now in the hands of OPIAC and CMARI, and should be very helpful in the development of revenues coming from the RIA project.
RIA Pilot Igarap? Lourdes
An analysis of deforestation trends from IPAM?s SOMAI tool and Global Forest Watch show that the rate of deforestation in the Igarap? Lourdes territory over the last 13 years has been approximately 170 hectares per year. Assuming the carbon stocks before and after deforestation are comparable to those in the neighboring Surui territory, the emissions associated with this rate of deforestation are approximately 50,000 tons of CO2 per year. Reducing that deforestation rate by 50% would save 25,000 tons of carbon per year. An agreement was signed between ICCO and the Padereehj Association, which represents the Gavi?o and Arara peoples within the Territory, for ?60,000 linked to climate change mitigation efforts within the territory.
Promoting the Amazon Indigenous Fund ? Forest Trends, EDF, EII, and WWF worked with COICA to advance the Amazon Indigenous Fund proposal during meetings at the COP and by drafting a concept note for $20MM which was submitted to NORAD during the first week of January. Forest Trends, EII, and EDF contributed to several other NORAD concept notes and proposals which, if accepted, would further the general objectives of AIME.
EDF also assisted COICA in advancing the Amazon Indigenous Fund proposal through the joint publication of an academic policy article that investigated the amount of forest carbon stocks found in indigenous territories in the Amazon and the threats to it. The policy article and supporting products (popular map) received extensive media coverage and was timed to be released at the UNFCCC meeting in Lima, Peru, in order to maximize political impact.
Additionally, EDF supported COICA and its partners in developing four proposals (Global Indigenous Forest Fund, Indigenous Territories forest carbon stock measuring/lobbying, Amazon Indigenous adaptation fund, and the AIME Consortium's Amazon Indigenous Fund).
Finally, EDF collaborated with AMPB to advocate successfully in the UN-REDD program for this targeted support funding mechanism to be more inclusive of indigenous and local communities. This will potentially generate hundreds of thousands of additional dollars flowing to indigenous and local community groups in the future.
Advancing the Concept of Jurisdictional REDD+ and LED-R ? EII, with input from other FBL Consortium members, continued to develop and disseminate the concept of jurisdictional REDD+ and LED-R. EII also provided support to COICA during a meeting in Puerto Maldonado, Peru, to discuss the Fondo Ind?gena Amaz?nico, presented on jurisdictional REDD and the Governors' Climate and Forests task force to Alianza Mesoamericana de Pueblos y Bosques (AMPB, a future consortium member) and PRISMA (El Salvadorian Environmental Research Program) in Panama City, and participated in meetings and workshops with a range of partners and stakeholders at COP20 in Lima.
EII and partners hosted a technical capacity building workshop on MRV tools for State Employees in Mato Grosso, Brazil. EII also signed a Memorandum of Understanding with CIAM, to allow for increased collaboration on the development of a jurisdictional REDD+ program for the five states of the Peruvian Amazon.
In collaboration with partners from the Sustainable Tropics Alliance, IPAM and Pronatura-Sur, EII released a report on the drivers of deforestation and opportunities and barriers to implementing low-emission rural development in select AIME regions.
Forest Trends and EcoDecision continued facilitating communication with potential buyers for Surui credits, as well as discussions between the Yawanaw? and two US-based companies to develop and market a mitigation product based on jurisdictional credits to be provided by the State of Acre. This negotiation will demonstrate a pathway for jurisdictional approaches to leverage private sector finance for indigenous communities. Progress was made in determining the amount and volume of potential emissions reductions units to be allocated by the State, establishing the basic structure and relationships of key stakeholders (public, private and civil society) and beginning to identify financial needs and use of proceeds from an eventual transaction.
At a seminar in October titled ?Climate change from the perspective of indigenous peoples in Brazil,? IPAM engaged representatives from the Brazilian Environmental Ministry on the development of the national REDD+ strategy. The Brazilian Ministry of External Relations also presented on the development of Brazil?s international REDD+ mechanism (ENREDD). This was a first step in helping indigenous leaders and FUNAI collaborators better understand the jurisdictional approach.
PRISMA presented research performed largely during Year 1 on the implications and opportunities of jurisdictional REDD+ for the members of the Mesoamerican Alliance of Peoples and Forests at the Jurisdictional REDD+ workshop held in November in Panama City. Leaders from every AMPB member were present at the event, along with Consortium partner Earth Innovation Institute. The workshop was a milestone in Mesoamerica?s progress toward applying Jurisdictional REDD+, and as such set the stage for ramping up Mesoamerica?s participation in REDD+ work, leading into planned activities for 2015. This work also promotes engagement between AMPB leaders and the Governor?s Climate and Forests Task Force.
Engaging Public and Private Initiatives with Forest-Based Communities ? EcoDecision, Forest Trends and other Consortium members provided support to the Yawanawa indigenous people in the ongoing development of a nested REDD project in the State of Acre, Brazil. This kind of partnership is an example of how jurisdictional approaches can leverage private-sector finance for indigenous communities.
EcoDecision and Forest Trends continued to support REDD-compatible development through Canopybridge.com, an online network for buyers and sellers of sustainable natural products. Activities emphasized identifying nearly 200 producers from Peru as well as working with a local partner organization Asociaci?n Amaz?nicos por la Amazon?a (AMPA) and Peruvian chef Miguel Schiaffino to identify promising products for ?sustainable gastronomy.? This concept seeks to expand the visibility of and market for ?Amazon cuisine? that is linked to rainforest conservation and community sourcing.
Empowering Forest-Based Communities ? Metareila continued its work to involve women in the Paiter-Surui decision-making processes of the community, through the consolidation of the women?s council, the development of a business plan for their handicrafts, an annual planning meeting for the women, and a workshop on women?s rights.
PNS conducted the first regional meeting on governance in the territory, with a second meeting on the agenda for this year. PNS? work also encompassed implementing a social strategy concerning their mangrove initiative, and strengthening local groups and women's groups. PNS also developed communications materials on issues relevant to REDD+, climate change, and LED-R to present to organizations and communities in southern Mexico, in coordination with MREDD.
PNS implemented training programs for indigenous and community leaders on climate change, LED-R and gender and REDD+ in the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas and the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico) in coordination with MREDD. Additionally, PNS proposed amendments to the laws around sustainable forest development to the government of Chiapas.
Forest Trends began preparations for upcoming workshops on indigenous Life Plans (together with ICAA and COICA), which will take place in March.
Indigenous Economy Worshop (Grupo de Reflexi?n sobre Econom?a Ind?gena)
Bogot?, Colombia (June 8?9)
Design of Indigenous territory governance Diploma Workshop
Bogot?, Colombia (June 11?12)
GCF Catalonia Meeting
Barcelona, Spain (June 15?18)
Encuentro Internacional Hacia una Gesti?n Territorial Sostenible: Conceptos, Experiencias y Visiones de la Panamazon?a
Santa Cruz, Bolivia (June 16-18)
Online Graduate Certificate in Forest Carbon Science, Policy, and Management, Michigan State University, Scholarship opportunity
Deadline: July 10
Territorial Monitoring and Control Workshop
Panama, Panama (August 15?16)
Annual AIME FBL Consortium Planning Meeting
San Crist?bal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico (July 7?9)
Territorial governance and payment for environmental services workshop
Rond?nia, Brasil (August)