lbania had been part of the Christian Byzantine Empire then part of the Christian Bulgarian Empire.
Albania was conquered in 1431 by Ottoman Turkish Muslims.
led by Turkish Sultan Mehmet II attacked Constantinople, Serbia, Morea, the Black Sea coast, Wallachia, Bosnia, Vienna, Karaman, Akkoyunlu, Moldavia, and the Crimea.
In 1443, the
Christian Albanian national hero George Castriot
, called "
" or "
" led a revolt against the
American Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow memorialized him in the
"Poem of Scanderberg":
"...Anon from the castle walls
crescent banner falls
And the crowd beholds instead,
Like a portent in the sky,
Iskander's banner fly,
"The Black Eagle with double head;
And a shout ascends on high,
For men's souls are tired of the Turks,
And their wicked ways and works,
"That have made of Ak-Hissar
A city of the plague;
And the loud, exultant cry
That echoes wide and far
'Long live Scanderbeg!
On hearing of
's death in 1468, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror exclaimed:
"At last Europe and Asia are mine! Woe to Christendom! It has lost its sword and its shield."
The Ottoman Muslims again led a crusade to take control of Albania, with stories of forced conversions to Islam and Christian boys forced into horrors of Muslim pederasty.
After ruling for nearly five centuries, the tyrant Ottoman Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, the 99th caliph of Islam, was finally deposed in 1909.
There was great enthusiasm in hopes that Turkey would set up a democratic form of government.
Unfortunately, their joy was short-lived as fundamentalist Muslims leaders, called
the Young Turks,
They promoted the idea of
re-establishing the caliphate
through "Ottomanization" - creating a homogeneous Turkey of one race, one language, and one belief.
The brotherhood of the Young Turks began a genocidal expelling and exterminating of non-Muslim ethnic minorities, including millions of Albanians, Armenians, Syrians, Greeks, Serbs, and Bulgarians.
In the upheaval of World War I,
briefly gained independence in 1913.
It had a few short-lived monarchies, then a republic, then was occupied by Facist Italy and then Germany's National Socialist Workers Party (Nazi).
was a communist State, 1944-1992, during which time it became an officially atheist country.
In 1992, the
Republic of Albania
suffered through armed rebellion and fighting in the nearby
Over one million ethnic
were forcefully driven out of Kosovo, as President Bill Clinton helped take what had been the historic center of Christian Serbia and recognized it as a new 96 percent Muslim country.
A statue of Bill Clinton was erected on
Bill Clinton Boulevard
in the capital of Pristina, Kosovo.
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One of the most famous
the daughter of an Albanian grocer.
Born in 1910, she joined a Catholic religious order at age 18 and began working in the slums of Calcutta, India.
She founded the
Missionaries of Charity
, and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1979.
Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Malcolm Muggeridge, a British Journalist who had converted to Christianity, wrote in "The Human Holocaust," (
Human Life Review
...in Calcutta, goes to great trouble to have brought into her Home for Dying Derelicts, castaways left to die in the streets.
They may survive for no more than a quarter of an hour, but in that quarter of an hour, instead of feeling themselves rejected and abandoned, they meet with Christian love and care...
s...love and compassion reach out to the afflicted without any other consideration than their immediate need, just as our Lord does when He tells us to feed the hungry, shelter the homeless, clothe the naked.
She gives all she has to give at once, and then finds she has more to give...
Something of God's love has rubbed off on
Phyllis Schlafly wrote in
The Power of the Positive Woman
(NY: Arlington House Publishers, 1978):
"Few women in history have ever known the career fulfillment that Mother Teresa has known.
She is the
who has made it her mission to minister to the poor and dying in Calcutta, India...
She has become a living legend, acclaimed throughout the world-a career success and a happy woman by any standard. And
has said that men could never equal women in love and compassion."
Get the book America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations
"Many people mistake our work for our vocation. Our vocation is the love of Jesus."
"God hasn't called me to be successful. He's called me to be faithful."
"If you want to pray better, you must pray more."
"We can do no great things, only small things with great love."
Ronald Reagan wrote in "Abortion and the Conscience of the Nation," (
Human Life Review,
who works in the streets of Calcutta ministering to dying people in her world-famous mission of mercy, has said that 'the greatest misery of our time is the generalized abortion of children.'...
We can echo the always-practical woman of faith,
, when she says, 'If you don't want the little child, that unborn child, give him to me.'"
On February 3, 1994, frail 83-year-old
addressed the National Prayer Breakfast in Washington, D.C., before an audience of 3,000, including President and Mrs. Clinton and Vice-President Al Gore:
"Jesus died on the Cross because that is what it took for Him to do good to us - to save us from our selfishness in sin...
The greatest destroyer of peace today is abortion, because it is a war against the child, a direct killing of the innocent child, murder by the mother herself, and if we accept that a mother can kill even her own child, how can we tell other people not to kill one another?"
"How do we persuade a woman not to have an abortion?...
We must persuade her with love and we remind ourselves that love means to be willing to give until it hurts. Jesus gave even His life to love us.
So the mother who is thinking of abortion, should be helped to love, that is, to give until it hurts her plans or her free time, to respect the life of her child.
The father of that child, whoever he is, must also give until it hurts.
By abortion, the mother does not learn to love, but kills even her own child to solve her problems.
And, by abortion, the father is told that he does not have to take any responsibility for the child he has brought into the world. The father is likely to put other women into the same trouble.
So abortion just leads to more abortion."
"Any country that accepts abortion is not teaching its people to love, but to use violence to get what they want.
That is why the greatest destroyer of love and peace is abortion.
Many people are very, very concerned with the children of India, with the children of Africa where quite a few die of hunger, and so on.
Many people are also concerned about all the violence in this great country of the United States. These concerns are very good.
...But often these same people are not concerned with the millions who are being killed by the deliberate decision of their own mothers....
We have sent word to the clinics, to the hospitals and police stations: 'Please don't destroy the child; we will take the child.' So we always have someone tell the mothers in trouble: 'Come, we will take care of you, we will get a home for your child.'"
"And we have a tremendous demand from couples who cannot have a child...
Jesus said, 'Anyone who receives a child in my name, receives me.'
By adopting a child, these couples receive Jesus but by aborting a child, a couple refuses to receive Jesus.
Please don't kill the child. I want the child. Please give me the child.
I am willing to accept any child who would be aborted and to give that child to a married couple who will love the child and be loved by the child.
From our children's home in Calcutta alone, we have saved over 3,000 children from abortion...."
"If we remember that God loves us, and that we can love others as He loves us, then America can become a sign of peace for the world.
From here, a sign of care for the weakest of the weak - the unborn child - must go out to the world.
If you become a burning light of justice and peace in the world, then really you will be true to what the founders of this country stood for. God bless you!"
Just five days after Princess Diana was killed,
Mother Teresa died SEPTEMBER 5, 1997. Pope Francis recognized her as a Saint, September 4, 2016.
Albanian Mother Teresa
shared what motivated her:
"I see Jesus in every human being. I say to myself, this is hungry Jesus, I must feed him.
This is sick Jesus. This one has leprosy or gangrene; I must wash him and tend to him. I serve because I love Jesus."