n JULY 26, 1775,
became the first Postmaster General of the United States, a position he held under the British Crown before the Revolution.
public career began when he organized
Pennsylvania's first volunteer militia
during threaten attacks from Spanish and French ships.
then proposed a
, which was approved by the Colony's Council and printed in his
, December 12, 1747:
"As the calamities of a bloody War ... seem every year more nearly to approach us ... there is just reason to fear that unless we humble ourselves before the Lord & amend our Ways, we may be chastized with yet heavier Judgments,
We have, therefore, thought fit...to appoint ...
a Day of Fasting & Prayer,
exhorting all, both Ministers & People, to observe the same with becoming seriousness & attention, & to join with one accord in the most humble & fervent Supplications;
That Almighty God would mercifully interpose and still the Rage of War among the Nations & put a stop to the effusion of Christian Blood."
sermons, thereby spreading The Great Awakening Revival.
He established a volunteer fire department, a circulating public library, an insurance company, a city police force, a night watch and a hospital.
He set up the lighting of city streets and was the first to suggest Daylight Savings Time.
He invented bifocal glasses, the Franklin Stove, swim fins, the lightning rod, and coined the electrical terms "positive" and "negative."
wrote a pamphlet, "Information to Those Who Would Remove to America," for Europeans interested in sending their youth to this land:
"Hence bad examples to youth are more rare in America, which must be a comfortable consideration to parents. To this may be truly added, that serious religion, under its various denominations, is not only tolerated, but respected and practised.
Atheism is unknown there;
Infidelity rare and secret; so that persons may live to a great age in that country without having their piety shocked by meeting with either an Atheist or an Infidel.
the Divine Being
seems to have manifested his approbation of the mutual forbearance and kindness with which the different sects treat each other; by
the remarkable prosperity with which he has been pleased to favor the whole country
Who is the King in America? And Who are the Counselors to the King? An Overview of 6,000 Years of History & Why America is Unique
On September 28, 1776, as
President of Pennsylvania's Constitutional Convention, Benjamin Franklin signed the State's first Constitution
, "the most radically democratic Frame of Government the world had ever seen."
"Government ought to be instituted ... to enable the individuals ... to enjoy their natural rights ... which
the Author of Existence
has bestowed upon man;
and whenever these great ends...are not obtained, the people have a right ... to change it, and take such measures as to them may appear necessary to promote their safety and happiness ..."
"All men have a natural and unalienable right to
worship Almighty God
according to the dictates of their own consciences ...
Nor can any man, who acknowledges the being of a
, be justly deprived or abridged of any civil right ...
No authority ... shall in any case interfere with ... the right of conscience in the free exercise of religious worship."
"And each member ... shall make ... the following declaration, viz:
I do believe in
one God, the Creator and Governor of the Universe, the Rewarder of the good and the Punisher of the wicked
. And I do acknowledge the
Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be given by Divine Inspiration
other religious test
shall ever hereafter be required."
DVD Vol. 2- Miracles in American History (Episodes 11-20)
had in Section 45:
"Laws for the encouragement of virtue, and prevention of vice and immorality, shall be ... constantly kept in force ... Religious societies ... incorporated for the advancement of religion ... shall be encouraged."
At the end of the Revolutionary War,
signed the Treaty of Paris, September 3, 1783, which began:
"In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity ..."
As Pennsylvania's President (Governor),
hosted the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, where on June 28, 1787, he moved:
"That henceforth prayers imploring the assistance of Heaven, and its blessing on our deliberations, be held in this Assembly every morning."
When Congress began debating slavery,
President of Pennsylvania's Society for the Abolition of Slavery
In his last published letter (
, March 23, 1790),
Franklin satirically indicted the Southern States for defending slavery with the same arguments as Muslim pirates
"If we cease our cruises against Christians, how shall we ... make slaves of their people ... to cultivate our land ... to perform common labors ... Must we be our own slaves: And is there not more compassion due to us as Mussulmen than to these Christian dogs.
We have now about 50,000 slaves in and near Algiers ... If we then cease taking and plundering the infidel ships and making slaves of the seamen and passengers, our lands will become of no value for want of cultivation."
composed his epitaph:
"THE BODY of
B. FRANKLIN, Printer.
Like the cover of an old book,
Its contents torn out,
And stripped of its lettering and gilding,
Lies here, food for worms;
Yet the work itself shall not be lost,
For it will as he believ'd
appear once more,
In a new, and more beautiful edition,
Corrected and improved
By The AUTHOR."
wrote April 17, 1787:
Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom
. As nations become
and vicious, they have
more need of masters
Miracles in American History (Vol. 2: Episodes 11-20)