he Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773.
led a band of patriots, the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Mohawk Indians, from the South Meeting House toward Griffin's Wharf, where they threw 342 chests of British East India Company tea into Boston's harbor.
Furious at the Tea Party,
Boston Port Act
, MARCH 7, 1774, effectively
closing the harbor
to all commerce and ruining the city's economy.
Thousands were out of work.
In enforcing the Boston Port Act,
British General Gage
effectively ruled through martial law. He prevented citizens of Massachusetts from electing their own leaders.
dissolved Massachusetts' Provincial Congress
forbade town hall meetings
"Calling such meetings ... the inhabitants ... pass many dangerous and unwarrantable resolves: for remedy whereof, be it enacted ... no meeting shall be called ... without the leave (permission) of the governor."
Britain's Lord North
told to Parliament the Act was "to take the executive power from the hands of the democratic part of government."
Massachusetts' citizens refused to stop their town hall meetings, and passed more resolves against the King.
Surrounding colonists rallied by sending food to Boston.
who later commanded at Bunker Hill, wrote:
"If we submit to these regulations, all is gone ...
passed the vast Atlantic,
spent their blood and treasure
, that they might enjoy their
, both civil and religious, and
transmit them to their posterity ...
if we should give them up
rise up and call us blessed?"
Upon hearing of the Boston Port Act,
Thomas Jefferson drafted a Day of Fasting & Prayer resolution
, to be observed the same day the blockade was to commence.
It was introduced in the Virginia House of Burgesses by
Robert Carter Nicholas,
May 24, 1774.
It passed unanimously, being supported by
Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee
"This House, being deeply impressed with apprehension ... from the
hostile invasion of the city of Boston
in our Sister Colony of Massachusetts Bay, whose commerce and harbor are, on the first day of June next, to be stopped by an armed force,
that the said first day of June be set apart, by the members of this House, as
a Day of Fasting, Humiliation and Prayer
, devoutly to implore the
, for averting the heavy calamity which threatens destruction to our civil rights ...
, therefore that the
Members of this House do attend
... with the Speaker, and the mace,
to the Church
in this City, for the purposes aforesaid;
and that the Reverend Mr. Price be appointed to
, and the Reverend Mr. Gwatkin,
to preach a sermon."
On the appointed
Day of Fasting
, June 1, 1774,
wrote in his diary:
"Went to church, fasted all day."
The King's appointed
Royal Governor, Lord Dunmore
, was so upset by this Day of Fasting and Prayer resolution that two days later
he dissolved Virginia's House of Burgesses
Virginia's colonial leaders went down the street and gathered in
, where they
decided to form a Continental Congress
which met in Philadelphia a little over three months later.
Miracles in American History-32 Amazing Stories of Answered Prayers
Continuing to tighten his grip,
remove the gunpowder
from the storage magazine near Somerville, Massachusetts in September of 1774.
Thousands of American militiamen rapidly confronted them in what was referred to as the
Shocked by the colonists' quick and firm response, Gage wrote:
"If force is to be used at length, it must be a considerable one, and foreign troops must be hired, for to begin with small numbers will encourage resistance, and not terrify; and will in the end cost more blood and treasure."
British Parliament Member Edmund Burke
"An Englishman is the unfittest person on Earth to argue another Englishman into slavery."
The next Spring, April of 1775,
sent troops to confiscate the arms and gunpowder at
Warned ahead of time by
and other riders, American militiamen were armed and waiting for the British at the
led by Pastor Jonas Clark, who stated:
"I have trained them for this very hour!"
That day, April 19, 1775,
British Major Pitcairn
shouted, "Disperse, ye villains! Ye rebels, disperse! Lay down your arms! Why don't you lay down your arms and disperse?"
Then the shot was fired that was heard round the world, and the war of Independence officially began.
Driven back, colonists regrouped at the
This time they did not retreat.
The colonists fought back, joined by more militiamen, and the British fled back to Boston, suffering 273 casualties.
Pastor Jonas Clark
"From this day will be dated the liberty of the world!"
offered a pardon to anyone who would abandon the patriot cause, except
The British escalated the situation by bringing thousands of additional troops into Boston, led by
Admiral Samuel Graves,
Generals William Howe, John Burgoyne
Within two months, after the Battle of Bunker Hill,
General Thomas Gage
was removed from his position as Commander-in-Chief and recalled to Britain, being replaced by
General William Howe.
On May 31, 1775, citizens of Charlotte Town, North Carolina, passed the
, which stated:
"Whereas by an Address presented to
by both Houses of Parliament in February last,
the American Colonies are declared to be in a State of actual Rebellion
, we conceive that
all Laws ... derived from the Authority of the King or Parliament, are annulled and vacated ...
, civil and military, heretofore
granted by the Crown
, to be exercised in these Colonies,
are null and void
... That whatever Person shall hereafter receive a Commission
from the Crown
, or attempt to exercise any such Commission heretofore received,
shall be deemed an Enemy to his Country
That these Resolves be in full Force and Virtue, until Instructions from the General Congress of this Province ... shall provide otherwise,
or the legislative Body of Great-Britain resign its unjust and arbitrary Pretentions with Respect to America ...
the several Militia Companies
in this county do
provide themselves with proper Arms and Accoutrements
hold themselves in Readiness
to execute the commands and Directions of the Provincial Congress."
Miracles in American History-32 Amazing Stories of Answered Prayer