The French and Indian War
ended in 1763 with the French losing Canada and all their land east of the Mississippi River to the British.
British General Gage
also had to put down the Indian uprising of
King George III decided to leave troops in the American colonies in case of future French incursions or native uprisings.
British troops were to be paid with taxes collected from the colonies:
the Sugar Tax of 1764,
the Stamp Tax of 1765 and
the Townshend Acts of 1767, taxing glass, paint and paper.
As the Colonies had no representative in Parliament, the cry arose, "No taxation without representation."
The King imposed
Writs of Assistance
in 1765 allowing British authorities to arrest anybody, anytime, anywhere on any suspicion, and detain them indefinitely.
The government could even open and read the personal correspondence of citizens.
Citizens could have their houses, property and farms taken without a warrant or due process - seize first, then ask questions later.
As there were no barracks, the British Parliament imposed the
whereby British troops forcibly entered colonists' homes and farms to lodge or "quarter" in them, leaving families to live in barns, basements or attics.
As colonists became resistant,
General Thomas Gage, commander-in-chief of the British forces in America,
was ordered to bring the colonies into submission.
ring leader Samuel Adams,
who he first attempted to buy off, but was rebuffed.
He then blamed the numerous
town hall meetings
and worked to abolish them, writing "democracy is too prevalent in America."
identified Boston as the source of political tension and relocated more British troops there.
On March 5, 1770, a mob formed in Boston to protest.
In the confusion, British troops fired into the crowd, killing five, one of which was the African American patriot,
This became known as the
popular engraving of the
fanned flames of anti-British sentiment.
DVD Miracles in American History (Vol. 1: Episodes 1-10)
On the 2nd anniversary of the
1772, the President of Massachusetts' Colonial Congress,
, who would later send
on his midnight ride, stated:
"If you perform your part, you must have the strongest confidence that the same Almighty Being who protected your pious and venerable forefathers ... will still be mindful of you ...
May our land be a land of liberty ... until the last shock of time shall bury the empires of the world in one common undistinguishable ruin!"
America was like ancient Israel in that every man was in the militia, armed, and ready at a moment's notice to defend his community.
On the 4th anniversary of the
, who would be the first to sign the Declaration of Independence, stated:
"Will not a well-disciplined militia afford you ample security against foreign foes?
We want not courage; it is discipline alone in which we are exceeded by the most formidable troops that ever trod the earth ...
A well-disciplined militia
is a safe, an honorable guard to a community like this, whose inhabitants are by nature brave, and are laudably tenacious of that freedom in which they were born.
From a well-regulated
we have nothing to fear; their interest is the same with that of the State.
When a country is invaded, the
are ready to appear in its defense; they march into the field with that fortitude which a consciousness of the justice of their cause inspires ...
... They do not jeopard their lives for a master who considers them only as the instruments of his ambition, and whom they regard only as the daily dispenser of the scanty pittance of bread and water.
they fight for their houses, their lands, for their wives, their children;
for all who claim the tenderest names, and are held dearest in their hearts; they fight
pro aris et focis
(Latin: "for our altars and our hearths" or "for God and country"), for their liberty, and for themselves, and for their God ...
We have all one common cause ... the security of the liberties of America.
And may the same kind Providence which has watched over this country from her infant state still enable us to defeat our enemies! ..."
Dr. Benjamin Church,
who had been a patriot, succumbed to
financial bribes to betray the American cause to the
"I cannot here forbear noticing the signal manner in which the designs of those who wish not well to us have been discovered.
The dark deeds of
a treacherous cabal
have been brought to public view.
You now know
who, whilst cherished in your bosoms, were darting the envenomed stings into the vitals of the constitution ..."
continued, using Biblical references:
"But the representatives of the people have fixed a mark on these
which, though it may not make them so secure
as Cain of old,
yet renders them, at least, as infamous ...
Surely you never will tamely suffer this country to be a
den of thieves.
Remember, my friends, from whom you sprang ...
Not only that ye pray, but that ye act; that, if necessary, ye fight, and even die,
for the prosperity of our Jerusalem.
Break in sunder, with noble disdain, the bonds with which
the Philistines have bound you.
... Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed,
soft arts of luxury and effeminacy
, into the pit digged for your destruction ...
I thank God that
America abounds in men who are superior to all temptation,
whom nothing can divert from a steady pursuit of the interest of their country, who are at once its ornament and safeguard ...
Let us catch the
and feel, each for himself, the godlike pleasure ... of delivering the oppressed from the iron grasp of tyranny; of changing the hoarse complaints and bitter moans of wretched slaves into those cheerful songs, which freedom and contentment must inspire.
There is a heartfelt satisfaction in reflecting on our exertions for the public weal (good), which all the sufferings an enraged tyrant can inflict will never take away; which the ingratitude and reproaches of those whom we have saved from ruin cannot rob us of.
The virtuous asserter of the rights of mankind merits a reward ... I have the most animating confidence that the present noble
struggle for liberty will terminate gloriously for America ..."
"And let us play the man for our God, and for the cities of our God;
while we are using the means in our power, let us
humbly commit our righteous cause to the great Lord of the Universe,
who loveth righteousness and hateth iniquity.
And having secured the approbation of our hearts, by a faithful and unwearied discharge of our duty to our country, let us joyfully leave our concerns in the hands of
Him who raiseth up and pulleth down the empires and kingdoms of the world as He pleases;
and with cheerful submission to his sovereign will, devoutly say:
'Although the fig tree shall not blossom,
neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labor of the olive shall fail, and the field shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls; yet we will rejoice in the Lord,
we will joy in the God of our salvation.'"
Miracles in American History-32 Amazing Stories of Answered Prayer
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