was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1741 and grew up as a member of the
North Congregational Church
, where his distant relative, future Harvard President
Rev. Samuel Langdon
was pastor from 1747-1774.
Other notable individuals who had worshiped at the
North Congregational Church
-Signer of Declaration of Independence;
-Secretary of State;
-John Paul Jones
-Navy hero; and
At the age of 22,
became a sea captain, like his older brother
They sailed back and forth to the West Indies for trade.
Then the British imposed trade restrictions with the
Revenue Act of 1764
Stamp Act of 1765
sailed back into Portsmouth harbor, the British seized his cargo of sugar and rum, similar to how the British in Boston's harbor seized John Hancock's ship
British Tea Act
Boston Tea Party
, December 16, 1773.
It also provoked the
Annapolis Tea Party
and the burning of the ship
citizens refused to allow any British ship carrying tea from landing in the
King George III
issued a royal order, October 19, 1774, banning the export of gunpowder and arms to America.
When word reached
led 400 men to
capture British Fort William and Mary
in New Castle, seizing arms and 100 barrels of gunpowder.
was elected a delegate to the Continental Congress, as was later his brother,
oversaw the building of American warships, including the
which he recommended be captained by
John Paul Jones
Speaker of the New Hampshire House
, 1776-1782, where he championed fiscal responsibility, recommending the
use of silver and gold instead of paper currency
When the British recaptured Fort Ticonderoga,
Speaker John Langdon
reportedly told the Legislature:
"I have 3,000 dollars in hard money. I will pledge the plate in my house for 3,000 more, and I have 70 hogsheads of Tobago rum which shall be disposed of for what it will bring.
These and the avails of these are at the service of the state.
If we defend our homes and our firesides, I may get my pay; if we do not defend them, the property will be of no value to me."
built seven ships with which he raided British ships.
As a colonel,
led a voluntary company of soldiers to fight at
where they witnessed the surrender of British General Burgoyne.
commanded soldiers in 1778 with
army in Rhode Island.
was a State Senator and in 1785 he was elected
President (Governor) of New Hampshire
As President of the State of New Hampshire,
issued A Proclamation for a Day of Public Fasting and Prayer. February 21, 1786:
"That the citizens of this State may with one heart and voice, penitently confess their manifold sins and transgressions, and fervently implore the Divine benediction,
that a true spirit of
repentance and humiliation
may be poured out upon all orders and degrees of men, and a compleat and universal reformation take place ...
that He would be pleased to
bless the great Council of the United States of America
, and direct their deliberations to the wise and best determinations ...
and above all, that He would rain down righteousness upon the earth, revive religion,
spread abroad the knowledge of the true GOD, the Saviour of man
, throughout the world."
was a delegate to the
in Philadelphia where he
signed the U.S. Constitution
On February 13, 1788,
convened a convention to
ratify the U.S. Constitution
, but disagreements almost caused the State to vote against it.
Governor John Langdon
temporarily postpone the convention
and schedule New Hampshire's annual
, a date fixed by the Governor, to be observed April 10, 1788:
"to be ... kept as a day of fasting of humiliation and prayer."
Day of Fasting, New Hampshire reconvened its ratifying convention
on June 18, 1788.
Rev. Samuel Langdon's
"The Republic of the Israelites an example to the American States"
the New Hampshire delegates voted to
ratify the U.S. Constitution, June 21, 1788
New Hampshire was the 9th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution. This fulfilled the necessary requirement of 2/3's of the States, and
thus the Constitution officially went into effect
After ratifying the U.S. Constitution, the Delegates of New Hampshire thanked God
"Acknowledging with grateful hearts the
goodness of the Supreme Ruler of the Universe
of the United States in the Course of his Providence an Opportunity, deliberately & peaceably without fraud or surprise of
entering into an explicit and solemn compact
with each other
by assenting to &
ratifying a new Constitution
, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the Blessings of Liberty to themselves & their Posterity-
Do In the Name & behalf of
the People of the State of New-Hampshire assent to & ratify the said Constitution for the United States of America ..."
America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations
The Delegates of New Hampshire continued, recommending that the new Federal Government should be restricted:
"And as it is the Opinion of this Convention that certain amendments & alterations in the said Constitution would remove the fears & quiet the apprehensions of many of the good People of this State & more Effectually guard against an undue Administration of the Federal Government ...
That all Powers not expressly & particularly Delegated by the aforesaid Constitution are reserved to the several States to be, by them Exercised ...
That there shall be one Representative to every 30,000 persons ...
Nor shall Congress in any Case make regulations contrary to a free and equal Representation ...
That Congress do not lay direct Taxes ...
That no standing Army shall be Kept up in time of Peace ... nor shall Soldiers in Time of Peace be quartered upon private Houses without the consent-of the Owners ...
Congress shall make no Laws touching Religion, or to infringe the rights of Conscience ...
Congress shall never disarm any Citizen ..."
Governor John Langdon
wrote to George Washington:
"I have the great pleasure of informing your Excellency that
this State has this day adopted the Federal Constitution
... thereby placing
the Key Stone in the great arch."
was elected New Hampshire's first U.S. Senator where he traveled to the U.S. Capital in New York City.
The U.S. Senate elected him
President of the Senate
, where he counted the votes of the electoral college where George Washington was elected the first President.
wrote the letter informing George Washington that he had been elected.
On April 30, 1789,
administered the oath of office to the nation's first Chief Executive, George Washington, and Vice-President
Returning to New Hampshire,
, where he issued a Proclamation, October 10, 1805, acknowledging the nation's
victory over the Muslim Barbary Pirates of North Africa
"It has been customary ... to set apart a certain day ... for ... publicly recognizing their dependence upon Almighty God for protection,
and that they might express their gratitude to Him for all blessings and mercies received and implore a continuance of them;-
I therefore ... appoint Thursday, the 28th day of November ... as a day of public Thanksgiving and Prayer ... in praising and adoring Almighty God, and in offering up our thanks to Him as the great author of every good and perfect gift ...
termination of our contest with one of the African powers; the liberation of our fellow-citizens from bondage
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"But above all, for the inestimable blessings of the
Gospel of Peace and Salvation
, the means of grace and hopes of future glory,
through the merits of a crucified Savior .
That he would bless the means used for the promulgation of his word, and make pure religion and morality more and more abound."
helped save escaped slave,
, from being taken by slave-catchers.
learned to read and became a Christian.
Four years before the American Bible Society was founded,
New Hampshire Bible Society
in 1812, and served as its first President. The Bible Society's goal was to
put a Bible in every New Hampshire home
was visited in 1817 by
President James Monroe
, as the newspaper reported:
"While at Portsmouth, the
spent that part of the Sabbath which was not devoted to public divine service, with that
eminent patriot and Christian
His tarry ... was probably longer than the time devoted to any individual in New England."
died SEPTEMBER 18, 1819.
had issued a Proclamation, October 21, 1785:
"It therefore becomes our indispensable Duty, not only to acknowledge, in general with the rest of Mankind, our dependence on the
Supreme Ruler of the Universe
but as a People peculiarly favoured, to testify our Gratitude to the
Author of all our Mercies
, in the most solemn and public manner ...
To celebrate the Praises of
our divine Benefactor
; to acknowledge our own Unworthiness, confess our manifold Transgressions, implore his Forgiveness,
and intreat the continuance of those Favours which he had been graciously pleaded to bestow upon us;
That he would ... bless our
Seminaries of Learning
spread the Gospel of his Grace over all the Earth
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