I hope that January was productive for you and that you are settled into your 2017 routines. I wanted to take an opportunity to share my thoughts on the airport vote with you, since most of you are residents in my district and definitely entitled to know my thought process on major Citywide issues.
Last Tuesday I made an important decision that required an analysis of multiple factors. The process ultimately led to my decision not to support an international terminal at Long Beach Airport.
Based on some of the reactions that I have received since the vote, it appears that both sides felt it was a foregone conclusion that the Council would vote to support the international terminal. The pro-FIS interests seemed to think this two-year review process and vote was a "no brainer." Conversely, the impacted residents thought we would just automatically side with the pro-FIS interests. I know there is often a lot of chatter leading up to important votes, but I want the public to know that these assumptions could not be farther from the truth. While we may not always agree, we are committed to having a fair and transparent process.
Business interests are often at the forefront of my mind, and JetBlue is certainly a good partner that we want to see succeed. I have had little to no contact with them since being sworn into office, but I met with them at their request the morning before the vote. I kept an open-mind going into the meeting but I did express my concerns to them, and I very much appreciated their candor. The meeting and my research afterwards really pushed me to weigh more heavily the concerns of the residents who are impacted by airport issues.
I learned that JetBlue is operating with a single-digit profit at LGB. In some of their other markets, they are making double-digit profits. In my assessment, the primary objective in the FIS proposal was to meet financial objectives that are similar to some of their other markets. I understand, respect and fully appreciate that objective. That business goal, however, is not my duty as a policy maker. And the location of our airport, within a few miles of multiple residential neighborhoods, is not the same as other markets that we were being compared to.
For me the decision involved a cost-benefit analysis. The regional benefits identified in the study were, at best, speculative. The potential or perceived harms regarding reduction of domestic flights, increased passenger traffic, noise, and property values, while only partially supported by the study, are very real for the impacted residents.
Voting no meant we maintained a status quo that results in a continued profit for JetBlue and a stable and acceptable reality for the impacted residents. The alternative would have been to begin a process that takes us toward an uncertain end as to how it will ultimately impact these residents and the city as a whole.
People who follow my votes and actions know that I am always willing to make tough decision for things I know will ultimately be found to be positive. Especially when I know we can alleviate the fears shortly after implementation. In this situation, however, if the benefits to an FIS turned out to be true and all the harms turned out to be false, it would be years before any of that was realized and proven. During that time these residents would be worried about their futures, their quality of life, and what this change will mean for their families. The stress we would be putting on the residents most affected was very difficult for me to accept. Even though the majority of these residents do not live in my district, a vote in support of their concerns to me, meant that in the future, if my residents had genuine fears about how a citywide issue could impact their homes, quality of life, etc. (for example with the breakwater or zoning) my colleagues would take their fears and concerns into consideration in weighing the potential benefits of a proposed change of course.
After the vote, I received some emails from people claiming that the vote was "ignorant." Frankly, that is unfair to those residents who have attended countless meetings expressing sincere worries that have not been resolved. In my opinion, moving forward in spite of those concerns would be contrary to our responsibility as council members.
These decisions are difficult and ultimately my role is to make decisions that I can defend in terms of the course they put us on. Based on the information and resident involvement that has occurred, prudence dictated maintaining a reality that includes continued single-digit profits for a valued corporate partner, mitigation of our residents' fears and protection of our noise ordinance. To me, that is a balanced and fair decision.
I hope that even if you did not agree with my specific vote on this issue, you can respect the process that went into formulating a decision.
Have a wonderful month!
3RD DISTRICT COMMUNITY EVENTS
Belmont Shore Median Landscape Project
Last night we had our 5th and final community meeting regarding the Belmont Shore Median beautification plan. The project scope includes the 2nd Street medians from Livingston to Bay Shore Avenue.
Chuck Foley, from Hirsch and Associates reiterated the importance of water conservation and the sustainability of the design of this project.
The structure of the medians will stay intact where only the planting material inside the medians would be updated. The project includes the removal of 27 broad leafed trees some of which are either diseased or damaged, and replacing them with 27 palms trees, at intermittent heights, of various species. The project also includes lighting improvements and possible cross walk treatments.
Total construction is expected to take 90 days from start to finish.
The designs presented at the meeting have the possibility of conserving 90K gallons of water annually.
The cost is yet to be determined and is based on the bidding process. The Belmont Shore Parking Commission will decide on February 16th the amount of funds they will commit to the project.
The Belmont Shore medians have not been touched in 20 years so this is a perfect opportunity to update the conditions of our medians while taking into consideration an environmentally conscience design.
--- by Antonella Schaub
3rd District Communications Director
CD3 Walks The Walk - February 26
CD Walks the Walk is a group of engaged citizens that adhere to the purpose of don't just talk about it, do it! Councilwoman Price and 3rd District resident Lori Barber have partnered to organize this walking group in hopes of combining community, exercise and clean up to get things done in our district. Since we were forced to postpone our January event due to rain, we will be following that allocated route within the peninsula for February. We will meet at the Claremont/54 Place parking lot at 8 am and pick up trash on Ocean Blvd to Alamitos Park near 72nd Place. A coffee and donut break will follow and then we'll walk back to the Claremont lot on the bay side of Ocean Blvd.
Who: Councilwoman Price & 3rd District resident Lori Barber
What: CD3 Walks the Walk
When: Sunday, February 26, 2017 at 8 am
Where: Claremont/54 Place Parking Lot
Why: Making a Difference in the 3rd District
--- by Lisa West
Business Relations Liaison
Councilwoman Suzie Price receives the Citizen of the Year Award
In case you missed it, our very own Councilwoman Price was honored last month at the Aquatic Capital of America's eighth annual awards banquet.
Councilwoman Price with Rich Foster and John Callos
3rd District Neighborhood and Association Meetings
Belmont Heights Community Association
2nd Wednesday of each month
7:00 - 8:30 PM
Belmont Heights United Methodist Church
Belmont Shore Residents Association
2nd Thursday of each month
6:00 - 8:00 PM
Bay Shore Library
Friends of Belmont Shore
First Thursday of each month at 6:00 pm
St. Bartholomew Meeting Hall - 5100 E. Broadway at Granada Ave.
NW Belmont Park Community Watch
Approximately every 3 months as determined
Third District Field Office
Peninsula Beach Preservation Group
Do you have a community or
neighborhood meeting that you
would like to add to the 3rd
District calendar? Email:
Youth Education on Risks of Marijuana Use and Drug-Impaired Driving
Last month the Councilwoman brought an item to City Council requesting the Health Department lead an effort to develop an outreach and education campaign regarding youth marijuana use and drug-impaired driving that includes:
With the reality that medical marijuana dispensaries will be returning to Long Beach this item seeks to address the health and safety risks of marijuana use in youth and drug-impaired driving that result from increased marijuana access. In a proactive spirit of collaboration, this agenda item is designed to work with our schools, marijuana businesses, and city departments to develop educational outreach materials and programs which ensure that consumers are mindful of some of the risks associated with youth (adolescent) marijuana use and the safety risks of drug-impaired driving. We look forward to a report back from the City Manager on options for the city to move forward with to facilitate or encourage outreach and education as marijuana becomes increasingly accessible in Long Beach.
Most everyone regardless of their opinions of medicinal marijuana believes that education and outreach for youth would be beneficial. Our office is proud to take an active role in encouraging all stakeholders to work together to develop best practices for implementing an educational component for licensed marijuana dispensaries.
--by Jack Cunningham
3rd District, Chief of Staff
Colorado Lagoon Update
The Colorado Lagoon Phase 2B project continues and is expected to be completed in early March. This project creates new ecological habitat for sea life by planting eel grass which is important for many species. It also includes creating a walking path along the north shore of the lagoon, with benches and bike racks, as well as a bioswale to help naturally clean run off water before it enters the lagoon. Much of the work that has been most visible up to now has involved the dredging of the lagoon and gentle grading to better support the salt marsh habitat that is being further developed, and the native species of plants and trees to be planted. We certainly look forward to the blue tarps coming down and the grand opening so we can celebrate the renovations to this beautiful gem of the Third District.
--by Jack Cunningham
3rd District, Chief of Staf
Long Beach Bluff Beautification
SCervice Project - Saturday March 11th
Hosted by the USC Alumni Club of LA Beach Cities
When: Saturday March 11, 2017 - 9am to Noon
Where: Bluffs off Ocean Blvd.
Who: All members of the Trojan Family, including alumni, parents & friends (like you!)
*Parking permits will be provided for the Junipero Beach Parking Lot
The USC Alumni Club of LA Beach Cities is the official USC Alumni Club of both Long Beach and the South Bay. Our regional alumni group welcomes all members of the local Trojan Family, including alumni, parents and friends of USC. We support USC-sponsored activities, plan activities that bring local Trojans together, and help deserving local students by raising money for scholarships.
Saturday March 11th, USC will be hosting its 6th Annual Global Day of SCervice. Alumni Clubs from all over the world will host SCervice projects in their local communities with the goal of completing over 120 projects and engaging 4,000+ participants globally!
Last year in Long Beach, we partnered with the Belmont Heights Community Association (BHCA) for a very fun and successful tree planting. This year, we will be partnering with the Los Cerritos Wetlands' Stewards to de-grub and replant California native plants alongside one of our city's most visible areas - the bluffs off Ocean Blvd.
While we will be on the beach, we ask that you bring sturdy shoes as we will be working up and down the inclined bluff. This event is family-friendly but we will ask families with younger participants to remain near the lower level of the project. All necessary items will be provided but please feel free to bring your own gardening gloves/tools, if desired. Volunteer t-shirts will be provided to all participants.
If you have any questions on this event for the USC Alumni Club of LA Beach Cities - Long Beach, feel free to reach out directly to Nima Novin at
--By Nima Novin
Executive Board Member,
USC Alumni Club for Long Beach and South Bay
Bluff Park Historic Lamppost Project
A COMMUNITY BENEFIT AND HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROJECT OF
BLUFF PARK NEIGHBORHOOD ASSOCIATION
Historic Lamppost Project Announces Artful Fundraising Event
The Bluff Park Neighborhood Association's Bluff Park Historic Lamppost Project will host an afternoon of drawing and coloring under the guidance of prominent local artists. The event, entitled "Lampposts, Lighthouse & Lines where ART and LIGHT intersect", will take place atop Parkers' Lighthouse in the scenic Queensview Room on
Saturday, March 25th, from 1:00 to 3:30 PM.
Guests of the event will be treated to appetizers and beverages while seated intimately at tables where they will be mentored in the concepts of sketching, drawing and coloring. At the end of the afternoon, participants will take home a piece of artwork of their creation. This family-friendly, supportive environment will be the perfect opportunity for everyone to discover the inner artist and, at the same time, benefit the Lamppost Project.
Early bird tickets purchased by February 28th
start at $65 for adults and $35 for children under 12 years old.
According to Jeff Mallin, Committee Co-chair of the Project, event fundraising has played an integral role in the capital solicitation efforts so far. "The 5 events we held in 2016 were great fun and contributed significantly in reaching our goal of $130,000 for funding the demonstration phase of our community's nonprofit historic preservation project," says Mallin. "As a result of fundraising efforts and the generosity of many, including support of Third District
Councilwoman Suzie Price and Mayor Robert Garcia, we anticipate within the next several months to be breaking ground on installation of 10 replica
ornamental lampposts on Paloma Avenue between Ocean and Broadway. This will spark excitement for the future phases."
In addition to
Parkers' Lighthouse's support of the fundraiser event, the
Port of Long Beach has provided funding through their Sponsorship Grant program. Other sponsorship opportunities are available and will be recognized in event promotional pieces and on the occasion with signage and literature. Additionally, silent auction item donations are welcome and sure to draw attention to the local businesses providing them.
Bluff Park Historic Lamppost Project
Bluff Park Historic Lamppost Project is a historic preservation and community benefit project of Bluff Park Neighborhood Association (BPNA), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit entity. The Project's goal is to replace the modern cobra style street lights in phases and throughout the Bluff Park Historic District with lampposts that match the look and pattern of those late 1920's lampposts found on East 1st Street. Using the original manufacturer that is still in-business today, the Project is BRINGING LAMPPOST HISTORY BACK to the entire Historic District. More information can be found at
---By - Jeff Mallin and Marco Pizzo, Project Co-Chairs
With the recent storms that swept through Southern California, many people are wondering whether those record amounts of rain were enough to pull California out of the drought. The answer to that question is slightly more complicated than a simple yes or no.
Last week's release of the U.S. Drought Report, which is a weekly report and map released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Drought Mitigation Center, proved that with the recent storms came a reason to be optimistic. Nearly half of the state is no longer in a drought. Other parts of the state, including most of Southern California, have downgraded to a lower level of drought severity. According to the January 24th U.S. Drought Report, about 27% of the state remains in severe drought conditions; roughly only two percent of the state including parts of Santa Barbara and Ventura counties remain in extreme drought conditions despite the large amounts of rainfall. Santa Barbara and Ventura are more reliant on ground water sources than the greater Los Angeles area because Los Angeles imports a significant amount of water from the Sierras and the Colorado River.
Los Angeles imports roughly 90% of its water from the Sierras and the Colorado River, which means that we are most concerned with the amount of snowfall that the Sierras and the Rockies receive. The Sierras recorded over 20 feet of snow at some resorts during the month of January.
Experts who determine the severity of the drought in California look at: soil moisture, rainfall, streamflow, snow water content, groundwater, and reservoir storage.
This map looks at the current drought severity classifications in California with a table showing the changes in severity classification.
This map looks at the changes in drought severity classification over the past month in California.
U.S. Drought Report Data for CA:
3rd District, District Office Director
Most people know I love food! So I am especially lucky to be able to spotlight restaurants in the 3rd District as part of my job for Councilwoman Suzie Price. One such restaurant that has caught my eye is Gypsy's Mediterranean Grill adjacent to the Belmont Pier. With an eye towards healthy eating, Gypsy's specializes in bringing the best of home cooking from the Mediterranean region to Long Beach. Specifically, they like to focus on Persian flavors from the city of Tehran. As their web site states, "Eating at Gypsy's is not just an exemplary meal cooked by skilled professionals, it is an experience that brings you to the heart of a culture." Their Yelp reviews concur.
The owners are extremely gracious and their goal is to provide a memorable meal to all that frequent their establishment. They pride themselves on not having a freezer so their food is as fresh as it gets. Furthermore, the addition of their beer and wine license makes a special meal even more memorable. Having opened in 2003, the owners love the opportunity to serve the City of Long Beach community because they feel that local businesses are a necessity to keep the "small hometown" feeling alive.
The first thing you'll notice when walking into Gypsy's is the beautiful vibrant fabric that adorns the ceiling and walls. The quaint and whimsical look of the restaurant reminds me of a boutique café with small tables that encourage a romantic setting. Their patio is equally as inviting with potted plants, strung lights and iron dining tables.
If you're looking for affordable, fresh, organic and authentic Persian cuisine, Gypsy's won't disappoint! I personally am in love with their Kubideh and Organic Lamb, but don't forget to add Zereshk (barberries) to your rice! Truly, everything is wonderful, as is their Baklava.
As our Councilwoman would say, "in gazah khayly khoobeh" (the food is really good)!
Gypsy's Mediterranean Grill
21 South 39th Place
Long Beach, CA 90803
Mon-Thurs - 11:30 am to 2 pm, & 5 pm to 9 pm
Fri- 11:30 am to 2 pm, & 5 pm to 10 pm
Sat - 11:30 am to 10 pm
Sun- 11:30 am to 9 pm
--- by Lisa West
3rd District, Business Relations Liaison
City Council Updates
City Council Meetings are held every Tuesday evening, with the exception of the last Tuesday of the month when council is "dark." Meetings are held in City Hall - Council Chambers (333 W. Ocean Blvd.) at approximately 5pm. Times do change, so please check with our office or website for exact times. City Council meetings are open to the public and we encourage your attendance, especially if there is an important topic up for discussion.
Charter (channel 3) and FIOS Verizon (channel 21) subscribers can view the City Council Meetings on their televisions or you can live stream the video through LBTV.com,
View City Council Meeting
Agenda items change on a weekly basis so please check the city website for the most current agenda. The City Clerk is required to post the City Council Agenda the Monday, a week prior, to the Tuesday of City Council Meeting.
View agenda items
Important agenda items coming this month are as follows...
Feb 14 - Parking Coastal Communities
Feb 21 -
Feb 28 - No Council Meeting
--- by Antonella Schaub
3rd District, Communications Director
Why does Long Beach participate in a homeless count?
The Homeless Count is a requirement of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for the local Continuum of Care (CoC) funding process, which brought more than $32 million to our area in the FY 2015 application process. This funding provides permanent housing (Permanent Supportive Housing and Rapid Re-housing), Transitional Housing, supportive services, and planning funds to our community to assist homeless persons with greater self-determination.
h biennial Long Beach Homeless Count was conducted on Thursday, January 26. Nina Moussavi, District Field Director for Councilwoman Price along with myself and approximately 400 other volunteers combed the streets of Long Beach. This was the largest turnout of volunteers The Multi-Service Center has seen with 100 more volunteers than two years ago.
Volunteers canvased one of 47 map segments, with a outreach trained team member, to complete surveys and provide information on available services to people on the streets. Below are just a few questions we ask on the survey:
- Total number of persons in your household?
- First name and first three letters of your last name?
- Gender, Race Ethnicity, Date of Birth?
- State Born?
- City and State, first became homeless?
- Is this your first time being homeless?
- Where did you sleep last night?
- Length of current homelessness?
- How many separate times have you been homeless in the past 3 year?
- Do you have any disabling conditions
- Sub population questions - Are you a...US Veteran, Victim of Domestic violence, student, part of the foster care system, LGTBQ *
- Were you release from prison within the last 2 year and if so, were you provided a housing plan upon release? *
* indicates new questions for 2017
The last count, conducted in 2015, showed 2,345 people experiencing homelessness in Long Beac
h- an 18 percent decrease from 2013 - according to the Department of Health and Human Services. Currently the Multi Service Center has part-time interns entering all the data from this year's count. We are all looking forward to the results within a few months.
If you have never participated in a homeless count, I encourage you to do so for 2019. This is an wonderful opportunity for community members to be part of the solution and connect to the homeless community. By partnering together we can work on solutions to end homelessness in Long Beach.
--- Antonella Schaub
3rd District Communications Director
Life in the Bike Lane
Criminals, as well as law-abiding people, increasingly use bicycles for transportation.
Following are highlights of applicable laws.
● Those riding bicycles (VC § 231), electric bicycles (VC § 312.5) and pedicabs (VC § 467.5) on streets or highways are subject to all of the same rules of the road as drivers of vehicles, except those that cannot apply because of the nature of bicycles. VC § 21200.
Example: A bicyclist can be guilty of reckless driving, in violation of VC § 23103. Bikers must stop at stop signs and red lights, for example, and signal their turns, lane changes, and stops, using the hand-and-arm signals described in VC § 22111.
● Riding under the influence violates VC § 21200.5, except that there is no s
eparate violation for riding with a BAC of 0.08% or higher.
● During hours of darkness, bikers on streets, highways, bikeways and sidewalks must have up to 8 lights and reflectors. VC § 21201(d). These include (1) a white light in front, visible from 300' and from the sides of the bicycle; (2) a red reflector or red light with built-in reflector on the rear, visible from 500'; (3) a white or yellow reflector on each pedal, shoe or ankle, visible from front and rear from 200'; and (4) reflectorized tires, or a white or yellow reflector on each side of the bicycle, both forward and rearward of the center of the bicycle.
Since it is the rare criminal whose bicycle will comply with all of these lighting requirements, properly-documented police detentions of suspicious bikers at night should generally present no Fourth Amendment obstacle.
● Bikers slower than vehicular traffic must travel near the right-hand edge of the road, unless passing, turning left, or riding near the left-hand edge of a one-way street. VC § 21202.
● Bikers and all passengers must have their own regular attached seats, and may not ride on the handlebars, frame or fenders. VC § 21204.
● Bikers cannot use both hands to carry articles while riding, but must keep at least one hand on the handlebars. VC § 21205.
● If a bike lane is available, bikers slower than the vehicular traffic must ride there, except to pass or turn; movements into and out of the bike lane require a signal. VC § 21208.
● No person may lay a bicycle down on a sidewalk, or park on a sidewalk so as to obstruct pedestrian traffic, VC § 21210, nor do so on a bike lane. VC § 21211.
● Bikers and passengers under 18 must wear an approved helmet on streets, highways and bike paths, VC § 21212, and on sidewalks.
● Bicycles on streets, highways, bike lanes and shoulders must travel in the same direction as vehicles on the same side of the road. VC § 21650.1. Riding a bicycle on a sidewalk in the opposite direction from the flow of street traffic is not unlawful.
● Like vehicle drivers, bikers may not ride while wearing headphones on, or earbuds in, both ears. VC § 27400.
● The Fourth Amendment rules relating to vehicle stops and searches will generally apply equally to bicycle stops and searches.
An officer who detained a biker for inadequate lighting equipment could run a warrant check, ask about probation status, and request consent to search a fanny pack during the brief detention.
---From the LA County District Attorney's Office
Southeast Area Specific Plan and EIR Continues to Make Progress in 2017
With the start of a new year the City continues progress on the preparation and refinement of the Southeast Area Specific Plan (SEASP). Since the close of the public comment period last fall, we spent the majority of our time over the past several months reviewing and drafting responses to the comments received on the Environmental Impact Report (EIR). City staff has also been meeting with various groups regarding their specific comments on the Plan and the EIR and has been making additional enhancements and refinements to the Specific Plan document. We anticipate that the Specific Plan and EIR will be back before the Planning Commission for their review in late Spring of this year. We will provide future updates on the progress of the plan as new information becomes available.
All existing information related to the SEASP and EIR (including draft documents and meetings summaries) is available for review and download on the City's website at
Southeast Area Specific Plan Update
--- From The City of Long Beach
Marina Vista Park Restroom Re-Location
The Marina Vista Park restrooms will be relocated to the area south of the tennis courts near the E Eliot Street parking lot. The new structure will be using pre-fabricated building and design details similar to the beach restrooms at 8th Place, Cherry, and Coronado. The project is currently out to bid and a zoning administrator hearing took place on Monday, January 23.
Public Works is working on a lighting plan to ensure that the area is well lit and Long Beach Police Department is looking at the possibility of installing video cameras on the building for additional security. The decision to adjust the proposed location of the facility came after collaboration between city staff and area residents who found that the agreed upon location satisfies both public and private interests.
Current Restroom Location Future Restroom Location
--- by Nina Moussavi
3rd District, District Office Director
Last week the second phase of the Ocean Blvd Road Diet was installed. This results in reducing traffic speeds in both directions, which have been an ongoing concern to residents for years. One lane in each direction also makes the road feel more like the residential street it is rather than the wide open highway it has been treated like. The road diet also reduce the number of lanes pedestrians cross going to and from the beach making it safer for drivers, pedestrians, and cyclists alike. Additionally, it encourages drivers to be more attentive while driving by narrowing the width of the travel lane.
In the time that the eastbound Ocean Boulevard Road Diet has been in effect our office asked the Traffic Engineering Department to provide information on the impact it is having on traffic so far. The effects of the project will certainly be evaluated further once there has been an adjustment period for residents to get used to the new road configuration, but from the Traffic Engineering Department's studies the average increase in travel times from comparing the former eastbound two lanes to current eastbound one lane during the peak traffic hours of evening commuters is an increased travel time of 14 seconds. This assumes in both cases drivers are driving the speed limit throughout this section of Ocean Boulevard.
Both eastbound and westbound lanes are important to improving the safety throughout this section of the Ocean Boulevard corridor, however there are some differences between the two sides. Both now have one lane but due to resident concerns of headlights shining into home windows, the westbound side will not have diagonal parking along the curb as is the case on the eastbound side. If in the future residents were interested, it would be possible to include diagonal parking on the westbound side of the street, but it is not included as part of this project out of respect for the wishes of residents. The City always wants to take into account the concerns expressed by residents and this was the case here when it was decided to keep the parallel curb parking on the westbound side of the street.
--by Jack Cunningham
3rd District, Chief of Staff
Other Events in Long Beach
13th Annual Belmont Shore Chocolate Festival
Saturday, February 4th
The 13th Annual Belmont Shore Chocolate Festival! Belmont Shore Businesses will be offering an array of chocolate treats and other sweets for all chocolate lovers along with other sweets to satisfy the whole family. With over 25 restaurants participating, everyone will be able to find something to satisfy that sweet tooth!
Homemade Chocolate Dessert Contest- 12p to 1pm
Hof's Hut Chocolate Pie Eating Contest - 3pm to 4pm
Make sure you say hello to
Lisa West, 3rd District Business Liaison, who will be one of the judges for the Festival