If you did, either you were on your knees or you have powerful eyesight. Read on.
Word meanings evolve. For example,
for centuries meant
existing only in the imagination
. Now that definition is #6 under
in the Canadian Oxford Dictionary; #1 is
is so often used today that it doesn't have much meaning at all, wouldn't you say? Sort of like
Also in the COD, the #3 definition of
. But a podium is not the same as a
. A podium is a raised platform at the front of a hall or stage. It's also a raised platform on which the conductor of an orchestra, choir or other musical group stands to direct a performance. A lectern is a stand for holding a book (as in church or a library) or notes for a speaker. A
is a platform or pulpit for public speaking.
The way we use, and misuse, words can alter their perceived definitions, Dictionaries, such as the COD, feel duty bound to record how a word is used in popular parlance -- and that's okay. But the careful writer will still respect the shadings that distinguish one word from another.
Often misused in place of
unfazed (the COD's definition #2),
nonplussed actually means
so surprised and confused that one is unsure how to respond.
fortuitous occurrence comes about
Fortuitous does not mean
i.e. are not the same.
E.g. (from Latin
exempli gratia) means
for example: The orchestra director called for extra sessions for the reeds, e.g., clarinets, saxophones, oboes and bassoons.
id est) means
that is to say or
in other words: You will have to consult with the head of the household, i.e., my mother.
Et al. means
Et is Latin for
al. is an abbreviation for alii/aliae/alia (gender distinctions). So there's no period after
et, which is not an abbreviation, but there is a period after
al., which is an abbreviation.
Infer means to read something into what someone else has said, to read between the lines.
Imply means to indicate the existence of something by suggestion rather than the actual words used. In other words,
imply relates to what the speaker may intend, and
infer relates to what the listener claims is the real message.
Is it correct to say "I feel badly about leaving early, but I wasn't feeling well"? No, it's not.
Badly is an adverb;
bad is an adjective. Here are some examples of correct usage for each:
►I performed badly in yesterday's math test.
Badly describes the verb
performed; it tells how I performed.
►Marcia tried to repair the badly damaged piano bench.
Badly modifies the adjective
damaged (which describes the noun
►Marcel felt bad about the error he had made on the billing.
Bad is an adjective describing Marcel.
Felt (in this instance, but not always) is a linking verb, linking the subject
Marcel with the subject complement
bad, which describes (modifies) it.