Microbeads Are About to Be
Illegal in the United States
Every day, 8 trillion microbeads are being emitted into aquatic habitats in the US. And that's only 1% of the total. After plenty of damning scientific research and years of reminders from environmentalists that microbeads are a terrible, no-good, disastrous idea, President Barack Obama signed a bill into law recently banning them for good.
Microbeads are the tiny plastic spheres used as exfoliants in face wash, toothpaste, deodorant and many other beauty products. For a while in the early 2000s, you could be forgiven for thinking that the presence of exfoliating beads in your face wash made it a better product. Many like to exfoliate. But manufacturing plastic at such a tiny scale and then disseminating them by the tens of thousands into many homes turned out to be a really, really bad idea. Our wastewater treatment plants are not designed to handle the microbeads, which means they wind up back in the environment. They dont biodegrade, so they stay in the ground and waterways virtually forever.
Last year researchers at the University of California Davis and Oregon State University found that roughly 8 trillion microbeads are currently finding their way into streams and oceans in the US every single day. Thats enough tiny plastic balls to cover more than 300 tennis courts. And thats only 1% of the total microbeads discharged each day.
The other 99% wind up in sludge from sewage plants, because the designers of sewage plants did not anticipate the need to sift out minuscule bits of plastic from the rest of the waste the plants handle. It gets worse: Sewage sludge is often used as fertilizer on farms. That means plastic microbeads are being sprayed all over rows of crops, where, again, they do not biodegrade. The microbeads then run off the land with rainwater, winding up instreams and oceans. Then they end up in aquatic animals stomachs, where they may be toxic.
We've demonstrated in previous studies that microplastic of the same type, size and shape as many microbeads can transfer contaminants to animals and cause toxic effects, Chelsea Rochman, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California Davis, said.
The new bill, called the Microbead-Free Waters Act of 2015, requires manufacturers to eliminate microbeads from their products by 2017.
Environmental News Network, http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/microbeads-are-about-to-be-illegal-in-the-united-states/ar-BBo5WWN? li=BBnb7Kz&ocid=HPCDHP, August 26, 2015
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Exfoliating soaps and scrubs can be easily made at home by mixing dry oatmeal or grainy brown sugar with liquid soap!