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Biosecurity Stakeholders Offer Recommendations for National Biodefense Strategy

 

More than 50 public and private sector biosecurity stakeholders gathered at a meeting convened by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security on June 22 in Washington, DC, to engage in a discussion about US biodefense capabilities and offer recommendations for the forthcoming National Biodefense Strategy and Implementation Plan. Read now

Today's Headlines: July 13, 2017
 
Biological Agents & Infectious Diseases
 
Mysterious Zika Transmission Confounds Researchers ( CIDRAP) The source of infection for a Utah man who became ill with Zika virus after caring for another patient last summer remains a mystery, but person-to-person transmission is the most likely culprit. New details surrounding the patient's case from investigators at the CDC and their partners in Utah appear in latest issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Go to article


Domestic Preparedness & Response

Four Great Ways for Local Public Health to Increase National Health Security ( Public Health Emergency) Your public health agency or organization probably sponsors many programs that focus on the health of people in your community, but did you know that making sure the people in your neighborhood can stay healthy before, during, or after a disaster is critical to achieving national health security? Go to article


Global Health Security

How Live Animal Markets Create a Perfect Storm for Bird Flu ( STAT News) Late last month, a man in northwest China started to feel the telltale symptoms of the flu. Most of us know those signs, which come on suddenly. A sharp headache, a fever, bone-deep fatigue--followed by that sense of dread that something nasty is about to happen. Go to article

Autochthonous Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Spain ( The New England Journal of Medicine) Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a widely distributed, viral, tickborne disease. In Europe, cases have been reported only in the southeastern part of the continent. We report 2 autochthonous cases in Spain. Go to article

See also: Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Spain--New Arrival or Silent Resident? ( The New England Journal of Medicine) Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a tickborne viral zoonosis. The causative agent, CCHF virus, is a negative-strand RNA virus in the family Nairoviridae. The virus circulates in nature in a vertebrate host-tick cycle, in which the vertebrate hosts are transiently infected and show no overt signs of disease. Go to article

Occupational Exposures to Ebola Virus in Ebola Treatment Center, Conakry Guinea ( Emerging Infectious Diseases) We report 77 cases of occupational exposures for 57 healthcare workers at the Ebola Treatment Center in Conakry, Guinea, during the Ebola virus disease outbreak in 2014-2015. Go to article

China MOA Orders HPAI H7N9 Vaccine Deployed Nationwide This Fall ( Avian Flu Diary) Less than a month ago, China's MOA announced China to test new H7N9 poultry vaccine in 2 provinces starting in early July. Roughly 2 weeks ago the MOA announced that the (H5 + H7) bivalent Re-8 inactivated vaccine had been delivered to these 2 provinces, and the trial had actually begun.  Go to article


Medicine & Public Health

Environmental Justice? Unjust Coverage of the Flint Water Crisis ( Shorenstein Center) A new paper by Derrick Z. Jackson, Joan Shorenstein Fellow (fall 2016), Boston Globe essayist, and a climate and energy writer for the Union of Concerned Scientists, examines the failure of national media outlets to respond to the Flint water crisis in an urgent manner, as well as biases in coverage. Go to article

 
Science & Technology

Who Needs Hard Drives? Scientists Store Film Clip in DNA ( New York Times) It was one of the very 1st motion pictures ever made: a galloping mare filmed in 1878 by the British photographer Eadweard Muybridge, who was trying to learn whether horses in motion ever become truly airborne. More than a century later, that clip has rejoined the cutting edge. Go to article

Engineering Cell Therapy for Cancer Gets Thumbs Up from DFA Advisers ( Nature) Therapy shows promise in young patients with leukaemia, but safety risks abound. Go to article

Consent and Engagement, Security, and Authentic Living Using Wearable and Mobile Health Technology ( Nature Biotechnology) Mobile health applications and wearable health technologies are becoming ubiquitous. Although such technology offers great promise for streamlining healthcare and empowering users in their pursuit of health and wellness, it also poses ethical challenges for clinical practice, research, and everyday living. Go to article

Parallel Evolution of Influenza Across Multiple Spatiotemporal Scales ( eLife) Viral variants that arise in the global influenza population begin as de novo mutations in single infected hosts, but the evolutionary dynamics that transform within-host variation to global genetic diversity are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that influenza evolution within infected humans recapitulates many evolutionary dynamics observed at the global scale. Go to article

Soft Sensors Might Make Wearables Actually Wearable ( Wired) Picture a rectangle of fabric cut from a standard grey t-shirt. It's stretchier than most tees, because it's made from a mix of nylon and spandex, not cotton. And it stands out in another way, too: If you flip back a corner of the cloth, one side has an unexpected metallic sheen. Go to article

Achieving Safe, Effective, and Durable Zika Virus Vaccines: Lessons from Dengue ( The Lancet) Because of the similarity of Zika and dengue viruses, an analogous unwanted outcome might occur with some Zika virus vaccine designs. A successful Zika virus vaccine requires challenge experiments that are done at long intervals after immunisation and that identify protection as the absence of viraemia and the absence of an anamnestic antibody response. Go to article


Other 21st Century Threats

Threats to Information Security--Public Health Implications ( The New England Journal of Medicine) In health care, information security has classically been regarded as an administrative nuisance, a regulatory hurdle, or a simple privacy matter. But the recent "WannaCry" and "Petya" ransomware attacks have wreaked havoc by disabling organizations worldwide, including parts of England's National Health Service and the Heritage Valley Health System in Pennsylvania. Go to article
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