Boston Tea Party,
served on guard duty to make sure no tea was unloaded from the ship
until the night Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty arrived.
experienced the city's deprivation when British ships commenced
a blockade of Boston's harbor
, June 1, 1774.
day of fasting
for sister colony of Virginia to be observe the same day the blockade began.
British General Thomas Gage
arrived in the city of Boston with 4,000 British troops and proceeded with
a military occupation,
confiscating over 2,000 muskets from the citizens.
had been a bookseller in Boston, supporting his family in that trade since he was 12 years old, when his father died on business in the West Indies.
had emigrated from Scotland to Ireland to the West Indies then to Boston where he helped establish the
Church of the Presbyterian Strangers in Boston.
With the British occupying Boston,
Henry Knox and his wife Lucy,
age 19, fled the city.
The British looted his bookshop and used his home to lodge soldiers.
British Commander William Howe
arrived in 1775 with 4,500 more troops and the
Battle of Bunker Hill
soon followed on June 17, 1775.
was a volunteer in the American military.
General George Washington
, age 43, made
now 25, a colonel.
On December 1, 1775,
Colonel Henry Knox
in upstate New York near Canada to bring
59 cannons to Boston
to drive out the British.
and his men arrived at
put the cannons on big flat-bottomed boats, and rowed them through freezing weather to the southern end of
dragged the cannons across the snow, as he reported to Washington, December 17, 1775:
"I have had made 42 exceedingly strong sleds and have provided 80 yoke of oxen to drag them as far as Springfield where I shall get fresh cattle to carry them ...
I hope in 16 or 17 days to be able to present your Excellency a noble train of artillery."
They arrived at the
, but the ice was not thick enough to support the sleds and one sank.
On January 8, 1775,
wrote in his diary of help provided by
local farmers and pastors:
"Went on the ice about 8 o'clock in the morning and proceeded so carefully that before night we got over 23 sleds and were so lucky as to get the cannon out of the River, owing to the assistance the good people of the city of Albany gave."
DVD Miracles in American History-Amazing Stories of Answered Prayer
The 3 month endeavor of dragging the cannons over 300 miles from
Ft. Ticonderoga to Boston
was called by historian Victor Brooks "one of the most stupendous feats of logistics."
arrived at Cambridge, Massachusetts. On the night of March 4th, a diversionary attack was made to distract the British, while Washington's men wrapped wagon wheels with straw to muffle the noise and frantically moved the cannons up to a strategic point on
overlooking Boston Harbor.
To make it appear even more impressive, they painted some logs to look like cannons.
The next morning an astonished
British General William Howe
looked up at
"The rebels did more in one night than my whole army would have done in one month."
On March 6, 1776, from his Cambridge Headquarters,
"Thursday, the 7th ... being set apart by this Province as
a Day of Fasting, Prayer and Humiliation,
'to implore the Lord and Giver of all victory to
pardon our manifold sins and wickedness
, and that it would please Him to bless the Continental army with
His divine favor and protection
all officers and soldiers are strictly enjoined to pay all due reverence and attention on that day to the
sacred duties to the Lord of host
s for His mercies already received, and for those blessings which our holiness and uprightness of life can alone encourage us to hope through His mercy obtain."
Coincidentally, on the same day as the Day of Fasting, March 7, 1776,
was assembling 3,000 troops to land and charge up
Dorchester Heights, but a violent snowstorm arose causing the sea to be too turbulent for the attack.
wrote his younger brother, John Augustine Washington, March 31, 1776:
"Upon their discovery of the works next morning, great preparations were made for attacking them; but not being ready before the afternoon, and the weather getting very tempestuous, much blood was saved and a very important blow ... prevented.
this most remarkable Interposition of Providence
is for some wise purpose, I have not a doubt."
Rev. Alexander MacWhorter, who was a chaplain with
brigade, wrote December 12, 1799:
... attended divine services with his brigades ...
He ... considered the distinction of the great denominations of Christianity rather as shades of differences, than anything substantial or essential to salvation."
On March 8,
sent word to Washington that if the British were allowed to leave Boston unmolested, they would not burn the city on their way out.
Eights days passed, and on March 16, 1776, the
approved without dissent a resolution by General William Livingston:
"Congress .... desirous ... to have people of all ranks and degrees duly impressed with a solemn sense of God's superintending providence, and of their duty, devoutly to rely ... on his aid and direction ... do earnestly recommend ...
a Day of Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer;
that we may, with united hearts,
confess and bewail our manifold sins and transgressions
, and, by sincere repentance and amendment of life, appease God's righteous displeasure,
through the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ, obtain this pardon and forgiveness."
The next day, March 17, 1776,
British General Howe finally ordered his troops to board their ships and evacuate Boston.
Sailing away with them were about a thousand
the parents Henry Knox's wife, Lucy.
Being newlyweds when the war started,
was separated from his wife,
for months at a time. He wrote to her:
"I maledict ... this war only because it separates me from my Love ..."
"No man on earth separated from all that he holds Dear on earth has ever suffer'd more than I have suffer'd in being absent from (my Love) whom I hold dearer than every other object ..."
"I think of rarely any thing else. Indeed, my dear Girl, I love you too well to be separated from you at all."
Henry wrote to Lucy, August 25, 1777:
"I shall reserve myself ... until I have the ineffable pleasure of seeing you, When that will be I can't say, but please God at all events before Christmas ... May God soon bring us together again and I sincerely beg Him to bless you ... your affectionate husband ... H Knox."
went on to fight in the
Washington told his army after receiving a copy of the Declaration of Independence,
"This important event will serve as a fresh incentive to every officer, and soldier, to act with fidelity and courage, as knowing that now, the peace and safety of his country depends, under God, on the success of our arms."
fought in the
campaign, and arranged Washington's crossing of the Delaware for the
Battle of Trenton.
Brigadier General, Henry Knox
Philadelphia campaign, Germantown, Monmouth,
was promoted to be the army's
youngest major general,
and in 1785,
was chosen as the nation's second
Secretary of War.
March 2, 1797:
"It is not for man to scan the wisdom of Providence. The best he can do, is to submit to its decrees. - Reason, Religion & Philosophy teaches us to do this, but 'tis time alone that can ameliorate the pangs of humanity, & soften its woes.
In the midst of the Revolution,
wrote to his wife
"We want great men, who when fortune frowns will not be discouraged. God will I trust in time give us these men."