Hoover lived on an Indian Reservation in Oklahoma before moving to Oregon.
He worked his way through
Stanford University doing laundry, delivering papers and working for the
U.S. Geological Survey.
Hoover worked as a mining engineer in
Herbert married his wife
Lou - the only First Lady to speak Chinese. They traveled on their honeymoon cruise to China, where
Herbert worked for the Emperor as a mining consultant.
On June 1, 1900, Herbert and his wife Lou were caught in China's month-long
Boxer Rebellion, being besieged in the city of Tientsin.
He organized building barricades while Lou devoted her time in the hospital.
They are credited with rescuing Chinese children caught in the crossfire.
Returning to America, the Hoovers lived in both in California and London from 1901 to 1909.
He launched his own business as an independent mining consultant in 1908, traveling worldwide with investments on every continent, and maintaining offices in Burma, San Francisco, Mandalay, London, St. Petersburg, Paris, and New York City.
Hoover lectured at Stanford and Columbia universities and published a textbook,
Principles of Mining, in 1909.
Hoover headed the American Child Health Association and
his wife, Lou, was the chair of the American Women's War Relief Fund,
feeding 300 million
in 21 countries of Europe and Russia following World War I.
was appointed by President Wilson as director of the U.S. Food Administration.
He served as Secretary of Commerce under Presidents
The first airport in Washington, D.C. was named
had experience coordinating large scale relief to millions when the
Mississippi River levees broke
during the 1927 flood.
was elected the 31st U.S. President in a landslide victory.
His Vice-President, Charles Curtis, was
the first Native American
to hold that office.
In his Inaugural Address, March 4, 1929,
"I assume this trust in the humility of knowledge that only through the guidance of Almighty Providence can I hope to discharge its ever-increasing burdens ...
Ill-considered remedies for our faults brings only penalties after them. But if we hold the faith of the men in our mighty past who created these ideals, we shall leave them heightened and strengthened for our children ...
I beg your tolerance, your aid, and your cooperation. I ask the help of Almighty God in this service to my country to which you have called me."
Get the book Prayers and Presidents-Inspiring Faith from Leaders of the Past
The Challenge of Liberty
Herbert Clark Hoover
"While I can make no claim for having introduced the term, 'rugged individualism,' I should be proud to have invented it.
It has been used ... in eulogy of those God-fearing men and women of honesty whose stamina and character and fearless assertion of rights led them to make their own way in life."
stated in a Presidential Campaign speech, October 31, 1932:
"Free speech does not live many hours after free industry and free commerce die ...
No man who has not occupied my position in Washington can fully realize the constant battle which must be carried on against ...
tyranny of government
expanded into business activities."
"Freedom is an open window through which pours the sunlight of the human spirit and of human dignity.
With the preservation of these moral and spiritual qualities and with God's grace will come further greatness for our country."
Due to market speculation, stock manipulation, and banks over-leveraged with debt from the roaring twenties, the economy crashed shortly after Hoover's election.
At the onset of the Depression, in an address at Valley Forge, May 30, 1931,
"If those few thousand men endured that long winter of privation and suffering ... held their countrymen to the faith, and by that holding held fast the freedom of America, what right have we to be of little faith?"
On October 18, 1931, in an address which began a nation-wide drive to aid the private relief agencies,
President Herbert Hoover
"This civilization ... which we call American life, is builded and can alone survive upon the translation into individual action of that fundamental philosophy announced by the Savior nineteen centuries ago."
On September 15, 1932, to leaders of the "national drive" committee for voluntary relief agencies,
President Herbert Hoover
"We maintain the spiritual impulses in our people for generous giving and generous service - in the spirit that each is his brother's keeper."
Hoover's efforts to mobilize relief through private agencies was thwarted by politicians with agendas of enlarging the Federal Government.
Franklin Roosevelt won the election and the Depression continued till the U.S. entered WWII.
At the end of WWII, in declining health,
President Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote, April 5, 1945, to Saudi King Abdul Aziz promising not to recognize a Jewish State.
A week later, the ailing
finally died, April 12, 1945.
The next President,
Harry S Truman,
immediately took steps to recognize the
State of Israel.
President Truman appointed Herbert Hoover as Chairman of
the Hoover Commission, as Eisenhower did later.
proposed a solution to the Middle East crisis, as reported by
, November 19, 1945:
"In ancient times the irrigation of the Tigris and Euphrates Valleys supported probably 10 million people in the kingdoms of Babylon and Nineveh.
The deterioration and destruction of their irrigation works by the Mongol invasion centuries ago, and their neglect for ages, are responsible for the shrinkage of the population to about 3,500,000 people in modern Iraq ...
... Some 30 years ago, Sir William Willcocks, an eminent British engineer, completed a study of the restoration of the old irrigation system.
He estimated that about 2,800,000 acres of the most fertile land in the world could be recovered at a cost of under $150,000,000 ...
... Some progress has been made under the Iraq government but their lack of financial resources and the delay of war have retarded the work greatly ...
My own suggestion is that Iraq might be financed to complete this great land development on the consideration that it be made the scene of resettlement of the Arabs from Palestine ..."
completely for a
large Jewish emigration
A suggestion of
transfer of the Arab people of Palestine
was made by the British Labor Party in December, 1944, but no adequate plan was proposed as to where or how they were to go ..."
"There is room for many more Arabs in such a development in Iraq than the total Arabs in Palestine. The soil is more fertile.
They would be among their own race which is Arab-speaking and Mohammedan.
The Arab population of Palestine would be the gainer from better lands in exchange for their present holdings. Iraq would be the gainer for it badly needs agricultural population ...
... Today millions of people are being moved from one land to another.
If the lands were organized and homes provided, this particular movement could be made the model migration of history. It would be a solution by engineering instead of by conflict.
I realize that the plan offers a challenge both to the statesmanship of the Great Powers as well as to the goodwill of all parties concerned. However, I submit it and it does offer a method of settlement with both honor and wisdom."
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His entire life,
Hoover refused payment for his public service.
reorganizing the United Nations
to exclude Communist countries, as he told the American Newspaper Publishers Association, April 27, 1950:
"What the world needs today is a definite, spiritual mobilization of the nations who believe in God against this tide of Red agnosticism.
It needs a moral mobilization against the hideous ideas of the police state and human slavery ...
I suggest that the United Nations should be reorganized without the Communist nations in it.
If that is impractical, then a definite New United Front should be organized of those peoples who disavow communism, who stand for morals and religion, and who love freedom ..."
"It is a proposal based solely upon moral, spiritual and defense foundations.
It is a proposal to redeem the concept of the United Nations to the high purpose for which it was created. It is a proposal for moral and spiritual cooperation of God-fearing free nations.
And in rejecting an atheistic other world, I am confident that the Almighty God will be with us."
spoke at a reception on his 80th birthday in West Branch, Iowa, August 10, 1954, warning:
"I have witnessed on the ground in 20 nations the workings of the philosophy of that anti-Christ, Karl Marx.
There rises constantly in my mind the forces which make for progress and those which may corrode away the safeguards of freedom in America ...
Today the Socialist virus and poison gas generated by Karl Marx and Friedreich Engels have spread into every nation on the earth.
Their dogma is absolute materialism which defies truth and religious faith ...
... To this whole gamut of Socialist infections, I say to you ... God has blessed us with another wonderful word - 'heritage.'
The great documents of that heritage are not from Karl Marx. They are from the Bible, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States.
Within them alone can the safeguards of freedom survive."
who was a member of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, stated:
"The whole inspiration of our civilization springs from the teachings of Christ and the lessons of the prophets. To read the Bible for these fundamentals is a necessity of American life."
died OCTOBER 20, 1964.
Earlier, during World War II, Herbert Hoover signed a joint-statement with the
widows of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Coolidge, Taft, Harrison
"Menaced by collectivist trends, we must seek revival of our strength in the spiritual foundations which are the bedrock of our republic.
Democracy is the outgrowth of the religious conviction of the sacredness of every human life.
On the religious side, its highest embodiment is the Bible; on the political side, the Constitution."
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