IC2 Member Spotlight: Pam Hadad-Hurst
Photo of Pam H-H

This issue of the IC2 e-Bulletin shines the member spotlight on Pam Hadad-Hurst, Special Assistant to the Commissioner at the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and IC2 Vice-Chair.

IC2: Tell us a little about yourself and your background.
Pam: I have worked on environmental policy and health issues in the public and nonprofit sectors for more than 20 years. Prior to joining the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), I was the executive director of the NY Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides where I evaluated innovative environmental health policies at the state and federal levels and conducted outreach and education on pesticide hazards and alternatives. I have a Sociology degree from the State University of New York - College at New Paltz. Mid-way through college, my interests shifted to environmental studies and advocacy and my career path followed.
IC2: What is your job at NYSDEC?
Pam: I serve as a Special Assistant to the Commissioner working on a broad range of programs that focus on sustainability, climate, environmental health, and chemical policy. I work closely with DEC's Office of Climate Change to implement programs that focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation and land-use sectors. On the environmental health side, I have helped to develop a number of initiatives, including working on the NYS Household Cleansing Product Information Disclosure Program, which has just been released for public comment. I also worked to develop Be Green Organic Yards NY, which promotes safer landscaping practices. In addition, I contribute to policy development on sustainable schools, childhood lead poisoning prevention, alternatives assessment, and other environmental health issues.
IC2: What is your involvement in promotion of safer alternatives?
Pam: I have always had an interest in safer alternatives, starting with my work on pesticides. If a safer alternative exists for a particular product and use, it should be used. When I first started working at DEC, I was invited to sit on the NYS Flame Retardant Task Force. I worked with the New York State Department of Health and industry and non-governmental stakeholders to review alternatives to the use of decaBDE. It was a fascinating process that made me realize how different states were working to answer questions about similar chemicals. Around the same time, the IC2 was created to enable states to more easily share information on chemical hazards and alternatives. I joined the IC2 Alternatives Assessment Workgroup and helped develop the IC2 AA Guide, which has created a useful framework for how to harmonize the process of alternatives assessments across the country.
IC2: What do you like most about your job?
Pam: I work with an incredible team of people who care passionately about our health and the environment. Governor Cuomo has shown real leadership on this issue. Working with the IC2 has given me the opportunity to connect with other professionals, in the public and private sectors, across the country and to realize that so many of us share common goals. My colleagues give me hope.
IC2: What is your vision for the IC2 over the next two years? What do you hope it will accomplish?
Pam: The IC2 has created a valuable space for sharing of information, not just among states, but also with our industry and advocacy partners. A main goal of the IC2 has been to avoid duplication and enhance efficiency by collaborating and coordinating around chemical initiatives. We gain powerful national insight through regular Council meetings that provide perspectives both from within and outside of our government agencies. The IC2 serves a valuable role in ensuring that we don't operate in a silo and are informed by the work of others.

Over the next two years, the IC2 will provide useful assistance to a number of our member states that have passed legislation requiring the collection of data on chemicals in products. The IC2 will create a shared, interstate data system for reporting by manufacturers of chemicals-in-products data, making it easier for members to build and implement effective programs. In New York, we have legislation and regulation allowing us to require manufacturers to disclose ingredient information about cleaning products. The IC2 will play a pivotal role in helping us access that information by developing a database with links to disclosures, making chemical ingredient information more accessible. These efforts will enable states to make better informed decisions around chemical initiatives.
IC2: What is one fun thing that most people in IC2 don't know about you?
Pam: I am happiest when I am outside, somewhere near water, with my family, all of whom happen to be redheads.
IC2 News
New IC2 Supporting Members

The IC2 is very pleased to welcome Clean Water Action Minnesota and Costco Wholesale as new Supporting Members. The IC2 is also working closely with the National Tribal Toxics Council to finalize the details of its Supporting Membership, which the IC2 Board provisionally approved in May.

Clean Water Action Minnesota collaborates with other organizations in Minnesota and across the country to reform chemical policies. It co-founded a Minnesota public health coalition called Healthy Legacy in response to the growing body of scientific evidence linking rising rates of disease and exposure to toxic chemicals in consumer products and the environment

Costco Wholesale is a multi-billion dollar global retailer with warehouse club operations in eight countries. Costco is committed to providing its members with high-quality goods at the lowest possible price in a way that is respectful to the environment and to the people and animals that produce these goods. Costco works with the chemical and consumer product industries to find appropriate replacements for many chemicals of concern and to develop a green approach to chemical use.

The National Tribal Toxics Council (NTTC) is a U.S. EPA Tribal Partnership Group that is focused on providing Tribes with an opportunity for greater input on issues related to toxic chemicals and pollution prevention. The NTTC gives tribes a forum for providing advice on the development of EPA's chemical management and pollution prevention programs that affect tribes. Given the uniqueness of tribal cultures, communities, and environmental problems, the forum helps EPA better tailor and more efficiently address a variety of issues, expand pollution prevention and safer chemical initiatives in Indian country, and better evaluate unique chemical exposures on tribal lands.
Alternatives Assessment Guide Update

Earlier this year, the IC2 released an updated version (v1.1) of the IC2 Alternatives Assessment Guide (Guide), with substantive changes to the Exposure Module. This new version brings the Guide into closer alignment with the National Academy of Sciences' A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives.

The IC2 published the first version (v1.0) of the Guide in January 2014. It provides assessors with three potential frameworks and sufficient flexibility to allow a wide range of users to conduct an alternatives assessment to replace toxic chemicals in products or processes with safer alternatives.

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) used v1.0 of the Guide as a source document during formalization of its alternatives assessment method. The NAS placed an increased emphasis on comparative exposure assessment, which is used to determine "... if the alternatives would be expected to result in substantially equivalent exposures...". The NAS Committee indicated that "... simplified exposure estimates without elaborate exposure modeling can meet the needs of many alternatives assessments".

The first version of the Guide incorporated many of the principles of comparative exposure assessment, and IC2's v1.1 update clarifies how comparative exposure can be used within the Guide frameworks to conduct an alternatives assessment.
Chemical Hazard Assessment Database Additions

In the past few months, the IC2 has added 5 new GreenScreens and 13 QCATs to the Chemical Hazard Assessment Database. The new GreenScreens provide detailed chemical hazard information for:
  • bumetrizole
  • fumed (or pyrogenic) nanosilica
  • silver
  • nanosilver
  • HeiQ AGS-20 (a silver-silica nanocomposite)
And the QCATs provide information for a variety of chemicals, including acetonitrile, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, 1-methoxy-2-propanol, methyl isobutyl ketone, n-hexane, and butyl paraben.
Upcoming Events
TURI Webinar: Reducing Gymnast Exposure to Flame Retardants in Foam Pits

Tuesday, June 6th, 1:00-2:00 PM EDT
Learn about recent updates in efforts to reduce gymnast exposure to flame retardants. Topics covered will include levels of flame retardants in gyms and gymnasts, why flame retardants can be harmful, and what can be done about it, as well as new content on maintaining fire safety without the use of flame retardants, engaging with the fire prevention/protection community, practical aspects of replacing a foam pit, and availability of flame retardant-free equipment. The webinar will be followed by a Q&A session. More information or register
Reducing Chemical Hazards: The First Move

Clean Production Action has partnered with the Washington Department of Ecology to offer a workshop on June 6th in Portland, Oregon, covering its GreenScreen® List Translator. This automated tool helps users understand known impacts of chemicals on human health and the environment and categorize which chemicals to avoid when purchasing and designing products and services. The training will help participants to:
  • Understand the value of chemical hazard assessments and related tools and resources
  • Define GreenScreen List Translator origins, methods, strengths, and limitations
  • Obtain GreenScreen List Translator results for chemicals of interest using automated databases
  • Use GreenScreen List Translator to inform chemicals management and sustainability decisions and prioritize action
"Transitioning to Safer Chemicals" Course
The University of Washington Continuing Education Program will be offering a Transitioning to Safer Chemicals class on September 6 and 7. The course will give participants hands-on experience with key methods, tools, and databases and guide them through OSHA's seven-step substitution planning process for understanding and evaluating chemical use, identifying and assessing alternatives, and implementing safer alternatives.
Green Chemistry & Chemical Stewardship Certificate Program

This three-course online program, which runs from September 27, 2017 to June 8, 2018, is intended to teach students how to design safer chemicals and industrial processes. The program will explore:
  • The 12 guiding principles of green chemistry
  • Business drivers and barriers to implementing sustainable practices
  • Frameworks for incorporating chemical toxicity and human health considerations into product design, material selections, and supply chain
  • Decision-making
  • Environmental, economic, and societal benefits of green chemistry
  • The latest research and regulatory developments
  • New tools for chemical design and methods for comparative chemical hazard assessments
Completion of all three courses is required to earn a certificate. Register online or contact the DEOHS Continuing Education Programs at 206-543-1069 or ce@uw.edu.
Member Updates

Massachusetts has designated the following as Higher Hazard Substances under the Commonwealth's Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) starting in 2016:
  • n-Propyl Bromide (nPB)
  • Hydrogen Fluoride
  • Cyanide Compounds
  • Dimethylformamide (DMF)
The following toluene diisocyanates (TDIs) have been designated as Higher Hazard Substances, effective calendar year 2017, for reports due July 1, 2018.
  • 2,4-TDI (CASRN 584-84-9)
  • 2,6-TDI (CASRN 91-08-7)
  • TDI mixed isomers (CASRN 26471-62-5)
While a nonylphenol category is already included in the Federal Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) list of reportable chemicals, calendar year 2017 is the first year that the category is reportable under TURA, for reports due July 1, 2018. This category includes:
  • 4-Nonylphenol (CASRN 104-40-5)
  • Isononylphenol (CASRN 11066-49-2)
  • Nonylphenol (CASRN 25154-52-3)
  • 4-Isononylphenol (CASRN 26543-97-5)
  • 4-Nonylphenol, branched (CASRN 84852-15-3)
  • Nonylphenol, branched (CASRN 90481-04-2)
The Higher Hazard Substance designation lowers the threshold for reporting, planning, and paying fees under TURA to 1,000 lbs./year.
New York

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) recently launched an initiative to require all manufacturers of household cleaning products sold in New York to disclose chemical ingredients on their websites. New York is the first state in the nation to require manufacturers to reveal ingredients in household cleaning products, which may contain chemicals with negative health impacts for humans and the environment.

Under the Household Cleansing Product Information Disclosure Program, manufacturers must identify all the ingredients and impurities in their products, including those that are chemicals of concern, as well as their content by weight in ranges. The IC2 will assist NYSDEC with developing and maintaining a database of links to company information. NYSDEC is currently accepting public comment on the draft 2017 Household Cleansing Product Information Disclosure Certification Form that manufacturers will be required to complete and file. The deadline for public comment is June 14, 2017.

NYSDEC has also proposed new restrictions that would reduce the amount of perchloroethylene (perc), a chemical that is a likely human carcinogen and is widely used in dry-cleaning, and other potentially dangerous dry cleaning solvents that are released into the environment. DEC is proposing to update the State's "Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities" regulation for facilities that operate perc or alternative solvent dry cleaning machines and to reduce the amount of perc and other toxic dry cleaning solvents released into the environmen

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and the Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC) are establishing a new EcoBiz certification program for Oregon dry cleaners. DEQ and PPRC staff have been meeting with owners and operators of Oregon dry cleaners to discuss the program's standards, which will be designed to encourage businesses to go "above and beyond" what is legally required.

A primary concern of the program is to ensure that alternatives to perchloroethylene do not contain toxic components. The certification will also encourage proper recycling techniques, reuse of materials, and employee education.

2017 manufacturer reports under Washington's Children's Safe Products Act (CSPA) are due to Ecology by August 31, 2017. 2018 manufacturer reports will be due in January 2019. Comments on a Proposed Children's Safe Products Reporting Rule update were due by May 12. Adoption of the proposed rule update is scheduled for September 2017. Ecology plans to host webinars this fall explaining the changes following rule adoption.
After July 1, 2017, Washington will restrict the use of five flame retardants in children's products and residential upholstered furniture that are sold in the state, including those in storage or on the shelf. For more information, visit: http://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70.240.025.
U.S. EPA Updates
Chemical Reporting for Inorganic Byproducts

EPA held a public meeting to discuss the process of negotiated rulemaking on changes to Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) requirements for inorganic byproducts on May 9 and May 10, 2017. EPA is establishing a Negotiated Rulemaking Committee (Committee) under the Negotiated Rulemaking Act (NRA) and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), as amended by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (Lautenberg Act). The objective of the Committee is to negotiate a proposed rule that would limit CDR requirements, under TSCA subsection 8(a), for manufacturers of any inorganic byproducts when such byproducts are subsequently recycled, reused, or reprocessed. EPA held a public meeting prior to the establishment of the Committee to share information and clarify inorganic byproducts identification and reporting. For more information, visit: https://www.epa.gov/chemical-data-reporting/negotiated-rulemaking-committee-chemical-data-reporting-requirements.
2017 Annual Report on Risk Evaluations

The EPA has published an Annual Report on Risk Evaluation. The reformed Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) requires EPA to identify the chemical substances that will undergo risk evaluation every year, including those for which risk evaluations will be initiated and those for which risk evaluation will be completed. The Report also identifies the resources necessary to complete these tasks.
TSCA Scientific Advisory Committee

In mid-January, EPA appointed 18 expert members to serve on the Agency's Science Advisory Committee on Chemicals (SACC). EPA published the names and biographical information for the SACC panel members on the TSCA Scientific Peer Review Committees website.

The SACC's purpose is to provide independent advice and expert consultation, at the request of the EPA Administrator, with respect to the scientific and technical aspects of risk assessments, methodologies, and pollution prevention measures or approaches. Members of the SACC possess expertise in scientific and technical fields relevant to chemical risk assessment and pollution prevention, including human health and ecological risk assessment, biostatistics, epidemiology, pediatrics, physiologically-based pharmacokinetics modeling, toxicology, pathology, and chemical exposure to susceptible life stages and subpopulations (including women, children, and others). In addition to scientific expertise, members also have backgrounds and experience that will contribute to the diversity of scientific viewpoints on the committee, including professional experience in government, labor, public health, public interest, animal protection, and industry.
IC2 e-Bulletin
The Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2) is an association of state, local, and tribal governments that promotes a clean environment, healthy communities, and a vital economy through the development and use of safer chemicals and products.

The purpose of the IC2 e-Bulletin is to inform IC2 members and others of the activities of the Clearinghouse, its members, and related national and international programs. It is published approximately three times per year and is provided free. Funding for the e-Bulletin is provided by the IC2 membership. Previous issues are available.

The IC2 is a program of the Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA). NEWMOA provides management and staff support for IC2 and serves as its fiscal agent.
Membership Invitation

The IC2 invites businesses, non-governmental organizations, academic researchers, consultants, and others to join the Clearinghouse. Supporting Members sign a Memorandum of Agreement demonstrating support for the principles of the Clearinghouse and provide annual dues to help fund baseline activities. All IC2 Supporting Members are eligible to participate in the IC2 Council, in IC2 Workgroups, and in webinars.

For more information, contact Topher Buck, 617-367-8558 x309.
IC2's Workgroups

If you work for an IC2 Member or Supporting Member, consider becoming active in one or more of the IC2's Workgroups. These provide a great opportunity to work on critical projects and to collaborate with others that are insightful and dedicated to improving public health and the environment through the development and use of safer chemicals and products.

Alternatives Assessment Workgroup
The IC2 Alternatives Assessment Workgroup supports state and local development of alternatives assessment (AA) methods, coordinates with other organizations involved in AA activities, and makes resources, common protocols, and results available to the IC2 membership.

Database Workgroup
The IC2 Database Workgroup assesses the chemical data needs and priorities of the IC2 membership and develops IC2 data and information systems to address those priorities. The Workgroup has reviewed a variety of chemicals databases and has developed several online systems.

Governance, Outreach, & Recruitment Workgroup
The IC2 Governance, Outreach, and Recruitment Workgroup maintains the Clearinghouse's governance framework, including membership criteria, member contributions, Board structure, and overall goals and objectives. The Workgroup also leads member recruitment and outreach efforts.

Procurement Workgroup
In late 2016, the IC2 created a Workgroup to explore how the Clearinghouse can play a role in most effectively advancing low toxicity product procurement. This group is still defining its purpose, but areas of interest include:
  • Discussing how patterns of chemical use can inform environmentally preferable procurement
  • Defining how states and municipalities can work together to enhance the market for less toxic products
  • Identifying what product categories would be good targets for action
  • Sharing specification language and informing individual or joint procurement
  • Working with large vendors to harmonize green product claims with state requirements

Training Workgroup
The IC2 Training Workgroup plans informational and technical training sessions for the IC2 members. These trainings, in conference call and webinar formats, are presented approximately four times per year.

If you are interested in any of these groups, visit the IC2 website or write to Topher Buck.
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