IC2 Member Spotlight: Carl Grimm

This issue's member spotlight shines on Carl Grimm, Senior Solid Waste Planner at Metro (Portland, OR) and IC2 Secretary.

IC2: Tell us a little about yourself and your background.
Carl: I grew up in Portland Oregon in the 1960s and 70s, received a BS in conservation and resource studies from UC Berkeley then worked nearly two decades as an education and program director in community nonprofits in San Francisco and Chicago. During that time and much since coming to Metro in 2006, my focus has been on working with diverse communities to reduce exposures from residential pesticides while enhancing human and environmental health through natural gardening and composting. I live and home garden in Portland with my wife and two sons (3 and 6 years old).
IC2: What is your job at Metro?
Carl: As a senior solid waste planner, I work to reduce the health and environmental impacts of materials used and disposed in our region, with a particular focus on toxics. Currently I am helping to create our 2030 Regional Waste Plan that will guide the policies and programs of our agency and the 25 cities and three counties in and around Portland, Oregon, for whom Metro oversees solid (and hazardous) waste management. While I do less in-person and on-television natural gardening education work these days, I do help lead several regional initiatives to support best practices in pest management, land care, and related behavior change education programs. These include a statewide Integrated Pest Management website and a native plant horticulture database, both to be housed at Oregon State University; an Adult Conservation Educator's working group; and a small consortium of local agencies working to improve data systems for tracking, evaluating, and ultimately reducing pesticide use.
IC2: What is your involvement in promotion of safer alternatives?
Carl: For most of the past 30 years, I've been teaching folks about caring for land without pesticides. I developed and ran San Francisco's and Chicago's home composting programs that helped gardeners improve their soil and plant health while reducing waste. I created and led school and community gardening and composting programs that provided motivation and tools for youth and adults to reduce chemical use. I worked with state university Master Gardener programs in Illinois and Oregon to promote organic gardening and alternatives to pesticides, helping thousands of volunteers to green up their messaging. More recently, through policy and research, I aim to help Metro and partners move up the supply chain and address community toxics exposures from the source.
IC2: What do you like most about your job?
Carl: I love wearing many hats, especially when they are all so challenging, creative, and potentially significant to people's health and the nature we all depend on. Blending education with research and policy work is particularly satisfying-and I think key to achieving real progress. Working to create and clarify the vision, goals, and strategies of various groups through interactive processes and visual communications is another area of intense interest to me. I feel so grateful that I can't imagine a more exciting or rewarding job!
IC2: What is your vision for the IC2 over the next two years? What do you hope it will accomplish?
Carl: I think we are so well positioned to help fill the void created by the current administration, to provide leadership with state, local, and tribal governments and ultimately with the federal government to shift our economy to safer chemistries. I'm also excited for the involvement of one of our newest members-the National Tribal Toxics Council-and generally for the work we are all doing to engage diverse communities and support efforts to prevent exposures to those most at risk.
IC2: What is one fun thing that most people in IC2 don't know about you?
Carl:  Growing up with artist and environmental activist parents, I was inspired by such amazing creativity. Circa 1971, when my mother's Consumer's Food Group was lobbying the state legislature to enact some of the nation's first recycling laws, my ceramicist dad made monogrammed coffee mugs for each legislator so they could demonstrate source reduction and avoid the polystyrene foam cups common back then. Of course this also demonstrated a sophisticated strategy that blended education, social marketing, and proof of concept of alternatives to achieve a policy objective that has positive impacts to this day.
IC2 News
Chemicals Policy Database Updates

IC2 staff have made some needed repairs to the IC2 Chemicals Policy Database and begun updating it with chemicals policies enacted from 2015 to 2017. The Database covers 9 policy categories, 13 product types, and dozens of chemicals and includes policies enacted from 1957 to the present. For each policy listed, the Database provides a citation, brief description, the policy's category, the product types addressed by the policy, and, in most cases, an attached copy of the full text of the policy. In addition to state laws, the Database includes state-level executive orders and local (e.g., municipal) policies. IC2 staff welcome contributions of additional policies that should be included; contact Topher Buck.
Recent Webinars
On July 18, Beth Meer and John Vana of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) described their multifaceted work to "green" the state's procurement of goods and services. New York's recent efforts include procurement of furniture, food containers, batteries, disinfectants, and hand sanitizers. Beth and John discussed the process used to develop or revise procurement specifications (including stakeholder engagement and collaboration with other states), issues that arose during the process, and how the issues were resolved.
On October 3, the leaders of two of the IC2's newest member organizations (Lauren Heine, Executive Director of Northwest Green Chemistry, and Dianne Barton, Chair of the National Tribal Toxics Council) described their organizations and work to reduce human and environmental exposures to toxic chemicals. The presentations were followed by an engaging Q&A session.
On October 24, Zack Leimkuehler of Expera Specialty Solutions described the paper-making process generally and some of the sustainability issues and trade-offs paper makers face as they develop new products, including per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS)-free, unbleached, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)-certified, and post-consumer recycled fiber. Zack also discussed the differences between molded fiber products and paper products, as well as the links in the supply chain from material sourcing to finished consumer product. 
For information on upcoming webinars, visit http://theic2.org/events. IC2 webinars are a members-only benefit. For more information, contact Topher Buck.
Chemical Hazard Assessment Database Addition

The IC2 recently added a new GreenScreen for medetomidine to the Chemical Hazard Assessment Database. Medetomidine is used as an antifouling agent in boat-bottom paints (as well as in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties). The IC2 thanks Northwest Green Chemistry for making this GreenScreen available.
Upcoming Events
Webinar: Upgrade & Relaunch of P2OASys

TURI created the original Pollution Prevention Options Assessment System (P2OASys) in the mid-1990s to analyze chemical and equipment alternatives. P2OASys is one of the first hazard-analysis tools to help small and mid-size businesses compare several chemicals and hazards. TURI recently updated this tool and will be launching the new, web-based version in November. On Tuesday, October 31, Dr. Jason Marshall, Director of the TURI Cleaning Laboratory, will provide an overview of the benefits of using P2OASys and a primer on its use. Jason will also describe how P2OASys compares with other chemical hazard assessment tools, such as GreenScreen and QCA T. Register at https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/7794218412698236929.
Member Updates
Cleaning Product Right to Know Act of 2017
On October 15, California Governor Jerry Brown signed SB-258, the Cleaning Product Right to Know Act of 2017. The new law requires manufacturers of cleaning products sold in California to disclose all ingredients on product websites and labels. Online disclosure is required as of January 1, 2020, and product label disclosure is required as of January 1, 2021. The law requires manufacturers to disclose on product websites:
  • All "intentionally added" ingredients
  • All "nonfunctional constituents" present at or above 0.01% (100 parts per million)
  • The Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number (CASRN) for all listed chemicals
  • The function of each intentionally added ingredient
  • Hyperlinks to government information websites for listed chemicals
  • A hyperlink to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for each cleaning product
The law defines an "intentionally added" ingredient as a chemical that a manufacturer has added to a designated product that has a functional or technical effect. "Nonfunctional constituents" are an "incidental component of an intentionally added ingredient, a breakdown product of an intentionally added ingredient, or a byproduct of the manufacturing process that has no functional or technical effect on the designated product."

Warning: Avoid Children's Products Containing Flame Retardant Chemicals
The Connecticut Departments of Consumer Protection (DCP), Public Health (DPH), and Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) recently warned parents and others purchasing children's products to avoid any product containing one of three flame retardant chemicals that the U.S. EPA and state agencies have identified as highly toxic. The three flame retardants  of high concern are
  • Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP)
  • Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP)
  • Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)
This warning is part of an increased effort on the part of these three state agencies to educate the public on toxic chemicals found in children's products. More detailed information can be found here.
San Francisco

Ban on the Sale of Furniture Treated with Flame Retardants
Earlier this month, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors passed legislation that bans the sale of upholstered furniture and certain children's products containing any flame retardant chemicals. The ordinance covers both brick-and-mortar retail and online sales into the City beginning January 1, 2019. When the State of California updated Technical Bulletin 117 in 2013, it exempted certain children's products, such as high chairs, bassinets, and nursing pillows, and updated the flammability standard from an open flame test to a smolder test. Manufacturers of upholstered furniture can meet the updated standard without flame retardant chemicals. Even though they were no longer necessary, testing revealed that about 25-30 percent of the furniture and children's products still contained flame retardant chemicals. San Francisco's legislation seeks to close this gap and shift the market away from these harmful chemicals.

Maine and Rhode Island approved bans on the sale of upholstered furniture containing flame retardants earlier this year.

In addition to the flame retardants ban, San Francisco recently passed legislation requiring large chain grocers to disclose the use of antibiotics in the meat products they sell.
Children's Safe Products Reporting Rule Update
On September 29, 2017, Ecology adopted updates to the Children's Safe Products Reporting Rule (Chapter 173-334 Washington Administrative Code (WAC)). This chapter requires manufacturers to annually report to the Washington Department of Ecology the presence of Chemicals of High Concern to Children (CHCCs) in children's products offered for sale in Washington. The Reporting Rule identifies the CHCCs and details the process for manufacturers to report to Ecology. This rulemaking updated the rule after five years of implementation and amended the list of reporting chemicals.

Amendments to the Reporting Rule include:
  • Added 20 chemicals to the list of CHCCs based on new scientific data
  • Removed 3 chemicals from the list of CHCCs based on revised scientific data
  • Changed a group of nonylphenols CHCCs into three individual listing
  • Set an annual reporting date of January 31, which is more consistent with reporting in Oregon
  • Made other minor amendments that include:
    • Updated the reporting schedule to remove obsolete phase-in requirements
    • Used the term "de minimis" to refer to existing minimum chemical reporting levels
    • Clarified that resubmission of identical annual data (copy and paste) is sufficient, instead of a letter to Ecology confirming no changes from the previous annual report
    • Updated chemical names to be consistent with terminology in the product testing database
The updated rule takes effect on October 31, 2017. The following are important deadlines and next steps for Ecology:
  • Manufacturers must report the presence of 85 CHCCs in their children's products by January 31, 2019.
  • Ecology will host webinars and provide technical assistance for manufacturers, retailers, and related associations.
  • Ecology will post webinar announcements to its listerv.
  • Ecology will update the list of CHCCs in its manufacturer reporting database by October 31.
The Rule Adoption Notice contains additional details.
Flame Retardant Restrictions
New CSPA flame retardant restrictions went into effect on July 1, 2017. The use of the following five flame retardant chemicals is restricted in children's products and residential upholstered furniture ( RCW 70.240.025):
  • Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate (TDCPP)
  • Tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate (TCEP)
  • Decabromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE)
  • Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)
  • Additive Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA)
These flame retardants cannot exceed concentrations of 1,000 parts per million. The flame retardant restrictions apply to residential upholstered furniture or children's products for sale in Washington, including online or in brick and mortar stores. This affects:
  • Manufacturers
  • Wholesalers
  • Retailers
  • Importers
  • Domestic distributors
Supporting Member Updates
GC3 Seeks Support for Its Startup Network

The Green Chemistry & Commerce Council (GC3) is looking for a contract staff person or consultant who can help grow the size and impact of the GC3 Startup Network to advance green chemistry innovation. The contractor will support or manage day-to day-operations of the GC3's Startup Network, working closely with GC3 team members. For more information, visit the GC3 website. 
Costco Partners with Berkeley Center for Green Chemistry

Earlier this month, Costco Wholesale announced a collaborative partnership with the Berkeley Center for Green Chemistry at the University of California at Berkeley. This partnership will assist Costco in the continued development of its strategic plan for managing chemicals of concern within the Costco supply chain.
Walmart Strengthens Sustainable Chemistry Commitment

In late September, Walmart announced an update to its Sustainable Chemistry Policy on Consumables, which, the company claims, has already resulted in an approximately 95 percent reduction in the weight of High Priority Chemicals from certain products sold in the U.S. Under the revised policy, Walmart commits to further reductions totaling 10 percent-approximately 55 million pounds-of priority chemicals. The goal applies to chemicals defined by the Walmart Priority Chemicals List in its revised commitment. For more information, visit the Walmart Sustainability Hub.
Northwest Green Chemistry Antifouling Boat Paint AA Report

On October 4th, Northwest Green Chemistry announced the public release of the Washington State Antifouling Boat Paint Alternatives Assessment (AA) Report. This report was based on the Washington State Alternatives Assessment Guide for Small and Medium Businesses, a subset of the IC2 Alternatives Assessment Guide.

The Boat Paint AA considers hazard, comparative exposure, cost, availability, and performance. Northwest Green Chemistry also produced a Selection Guide (which includes additional supplemental information about hazard and performance) and a summary of the Five Takeaways from the report.
CPA Finds Flame Retardants of Concern Still in TVs

As reported in a new study ( TV Reality: Toxic Flame Retardants in TVs), IC2 Supporting Member Clean Production Action (CPA) and Toxic-Free Future tested 12 televisions purchased in Washington State for 7 flame retardants. This testing found that:
  • 11 of the 12 TVs tested contained flame retardants at concentrations of up to 33 percent of the weight of the plastic enclosure.
  • 8 of the TVs contained flame retardants identified by the study's authors as chemicals of high concern due to persistence, bioaccumulation, and/or toxicity.
  • 2 of the TVs contained the PBDE flame retardant deca-BDE, despite its being banned in Washington, Maine, Oregon, Vermont, and Maryland.
U.S. EPA Updates
Inventory Reporting
EPA has scheduled several webinars to assist the regulated community with reporting under the TSCA Inventory Notification (Active-Inactive) Rule, published in the Federal Register on August 11, 2017. This rule requires industry to report chemicals manufactured or imported in the U.S. over the past 10 years. Each identical webinar will include an overview of reporting requirements, a demo of the electronic reporting application ( Central Data Exchange (CDX)), and time for questions and answers.
The first webinar was held on October 25, and the second is scheduled for November 29, 2017 from 1-3 PM EST. Registration is not required. Visit EPA's TSCA Inventory web page for more information.
Inorganic Byproducts Negotiated Rulemaking
The EPA held its last Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Inorganic Byproducts Negotiated Rulemaking meeting on September 14, 2017. The Committee decided to end negotiations because members recognized that they would not be able to reach consensus on any of the options discussed. EPA noted that, even without reaching consensus, the exchange of information in the Committee was extremely valuable and will be used to inform future actions. All information is available on the Byproducts Committee web page and in the docket ( EPA-HQ-OPPT-2016-0597 ).
Workshop on Methylene Chloride Use in Furniture Refinishing

On September 12, 2017, EPA, in collaboration with the Small Business Administration (SBA) Office of Advocacy, held a public workshop in Boston, MA on the use of the paint remover methylene chloride in furniture refinishing. This workshop helped to inform EPA's understanding of the use of methylene chloride in furniture refinishing.
Federal and state governments, industry professionals, furniture refinishing experts, non-government organizations, and academic experts, among others discussed the role of methylene chloride in furniture refinishing, potential alternatives, economic impacts, and other issues identified in EPA's January 2017 proposed rule on methylene chloride, which deferred action on the use of methylene chloride in commercial furniture refinishing. This information will help EPA to better understand current work practices and obtain additional information on the economic considerations involved in selecting chemical products for paint and coating removal in the furniture refinishing sector. The meeting included an exchange of information on existing use practices and furniture refinishers' experience, in general, with paint removal products and methods.
Nanotechnology Reporting & Recordkeeping

EPA issued guidance materials for the recently-issued TSCA section 8(a) Nanotechnology Reporting and Recordkeeping Requirements Rule, which became effective on August 14, 2017. This rule establishes one-time reporting and recordkeeping requirements for certain chemical substances when they are manufactured or processed at the nanoscale as described in the rule issued January 12, 2017.

The guidance reflects input received on draft guidance EPA issued in May 2017 and provides answers to questions the Agency has received from manufacturers (including importers) and processors of certain chemical substances when they are manufactured or processed at the nanoscale.
Final TSCA Rules

In June, EPA announced that it had completed the following implementation activities under the Frank Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act:
Other Federal Updates
Consumer Product Safety Commission Flame Retardants Ban

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CSPC) recently voted to ban organohalogenated flame retardants in several consumer product categories. The CSPA granted a petition from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) prohibiting their use in children's products, upholstered residential furniture, mattresses, and the external casings on electronics.
IC2 e-Bulletin
The Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2) is an association of state, local, and tribal governments that promotes a clean environment, healthy communities, and a vital economy through the development and use of safer chemicals and products.
The purpose of the IC2 e-Bulletin is to inform IC2 members and others of the activities of the Clearinghouse, its members, and related national and international programs. It is published approximately three times per year and is provided free. Funding for the e-Bulletin is provided by the IC2 membership. Previous issues are available.

The IC2 is a program of the Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA). NEWMOA provides management and staff support for IC2 and serves as its fiscal agent.
Membership Invitation

The IC2 invites businesses, non-governmental organizations, academic researchers, consultants, and others to join the Clearinghouse. Supporting Members sign a Memorandum of Agreement demonstrating support for the principles of the Clearinghouse and provide annual dues to help fund baseline activities. All IC2 Supporting Members are eligible to participate in the IC2 Council, in IC2 Workgroups, and in webinars.

For more information, contact Topher Buck, (617) 367-8558 x309.
IC2's Workgroups

If you work for an IC2 Member or Supporting Member, consider becoming active in one of the four IC2 Workgroups. These provide a great opportunity to work on critical projects and to collaborate with others that are insightful and dedicated to improving public health and the environment through the development and use of safer chemicals and products.

Alternatives Assessment Workgroup
The IC2 Alternatives Assessment Workgroup supports state and local development of alternatives assessment (AA) methods, coordinates with other organizations involved in AA activities, and makes resources, common protocols, and results available to the IC2 membership.

Database Workgroup
The IC2 Database Workgroup assesses the chemical data needs and priorities of the IC2 membership and develops IC2 data and information systems to address those priorities. The Workgroup has reviewed a variety of chemicals databases and has developed several online systems.

Governance, Outreach, & Recruitment Workgroup
The IC2 Governance, Outreach, and Recruitment Workgroup maintains the Clearinghouse's governance framework, including membership criteria, member contributions, Board structure, and overall goals and objectives. The Workgroup also leads member recruitment and outreach efforts.

Training Workgroup
The IC2 Training Workgroup plans informational and technical training sessions for the IC2 members. These trainings, in conference call and webinar formats, are presented approximately four times per year.

If you are interested in any of these groups, visit the IC2 website or write to Topher Buck.
Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse | (617) 367-8558 x309| theic2.org