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August 15,  2016
OPPORTUNITIES
Postdoctoral Research Staff Member Position
Center for Global Security Research, Livermore, CA

For more than 60 years, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has applied science and technology to make the world a safer place.  We have an opening for a postdoctoral researcher to carry out policy research on US extended deterrence and European or Asian security. This position is in the Center for Global Security Research. 

Note:  This is a one year Postdoctoral appointment.  Eligible candidates are recent PhDs within five years of the month of the degree award at time of hire date.

Visit here  to learn more about the position and apply.

Doreen and Jim McElvany Nonproliferation Challenge
The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) and the Nonproliferation Review
Deadline: September 9th, 2016

The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) and its journal, the Nonproliferation Review, want to spur new thinking, specific recommendations, and policy initiatives in the nonproliferation and disarmament field. We'll publish the most outstanding new ideas and proposals and award a grand prize of $10,000, as well as a $2,000 runner's up prize.
 
This year's contest is open to those enrolled in a master's or doctoral program, or who have received their graduate or PhD degree no more than five years prior to the contest deadline.

Visit here  to learn more and apply.

Call for Proposals for FY17-18 Funding
PASCC, BAA
Deadline: September 9, 2016 

The Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction (PASCC) is now accepting project submissions in response to its Broad Agency Announcement (BAA).

PASCC will select a number of proposals for research and dialogues for FY16-17 funding. We are particularly interested in proposals for research on the following topics:

  *   Proliferation of WMD/WME (defined to include nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, as well as other high-casualty or high-disruption weapons that might have "strategic" effects)
  *   Future technologies of mass effect
  *   WMD/WME employment methodologies and delivery systems
  *   Management, prevention, and response mechanisms/regimes
  *   Multi-domain threats to strategic stability

Please note that PASCC does not fund training or studies aimed at the development of new technologies. Issues related to conventional forms of terrorism and topics whose primary focus is on cyber security are also outside of its purview.

Detailed instructions for submitting white papers are included in the two BAAs available at grants.gov 
If you have questions about the BAA or the application process, 
please email:  10CONS.PASCC@us.af.mil
LOOKING BACK AT NAGASAKI
A Complex Nuclear Situation, in a Complicated World
Robert Gallucci, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 8, 2016 

Editor's note: What follows is the text of an address given at the  Asahi Shimbun Symposium in Nagasaki, Japan, late in July 2016.

Ladies and gentlemen, just two months ago, President Obama noted, in his speech in Hiroshima, that it has been 71 years since "death fell from the sky" onto that city. And today we observe that the instantaneous, catastrophic death of an atomic bomb fell on this city, too, just three days later.

      Read more

The Lesson of Nagasaki
Michael Krepon, Arms Control Wonk
August 7, 2016 

Hiroshima gets all the attention, but Nagasaki teaches the more important lesson. The need to destroy Hiroshima will be forever debated, but the counterarguments were unpersuasive to President Harry Truman and Secretary of War Henry Stimson. A world war had taken the lives of tens of millions. Noncombatants were not spared. When a war-ending weapon was finally available - too late to make unnecessary the Normandy landing, but just in time to substitute for the invasion of Japan's home islands - Truman and Stimson chose to end the carnage as soon as possible

      Read more

Six Weeks After Nagasaki
John Mecklin, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 7, 2016 

US Navy Lt. Lee Fadem was 24 years old when he sailed into Nagasaki as part of US occupational forces, 6 weeks after a plutonium bomb was dropped on the city. Now 95, Fadem shared with us photos he took of the stricken city during his time there.

      Read more
THE UNITED STATES
Nuclear Biscuits and Footballs: 
How the President Launches an Atomic Bomb
Dugald McConnell and Brian Todd, CNN
August 7, 2016 

Hillary Clinton has recently been trying to paint Donald Trump as unfit to be entrusted with the authority to launch America's nuclear arsenal.  "Do we want his finger anywhere near the button?" the Democratic presidential nominee asked a crowd in San Diego.  Her Republican opponent has vehemently rejected the attacks and said he would only use nuclear weapons as a last resort.

      Read more
RUSSIA
Why Russia Values a Non-Nuclear Iran More Than Higher Oil Prices
Simon Saradzhyan, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 11, 2016 

One of the key questions that remain unanswered more than one year after the signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action-the Iran nuclear deal-is why Russia supported it. A failure of the talks between Iran and the P5+1 (Russia and the four other permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, plus Germany) would have at least stopped decline in the price of oil and tangibly benefited the Russian economy.

      Read more

The Nuclear Mission Must Stay Manned
Alexander Velez-Green, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 9, 2016 

A lot of things can and should be automated-but nuclear bombers are not one of them. Unfortunately, it's not clear that Moscow agrees. Reports surfaced in July that Russia has begun development of a hypersonic nuclear bomber that can deliver nuclear strikes from outer space. 

      Read more
IRAN
3 Reasons the Iran Nuclear Deal Is Flaring Up Again
Ciro Scotti, The Fiscal Times
August 9, 2016 

After being briefly out of the spotlight, the nuclear deal the U.S. signed with Iran is once again in the election-year glare. A new rift between the White House and Israel has been ignited, and Tehran hanged a nuclear scientist and alleged spy once, which once again brings scrutiny to Hillary Clinton's use of email when she was Secretary of State.

      Read more

What Would Reagan Do? Republicans and the Iran Nuclear Deal
Lawrence J. Korb, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 8, 2016 

As someone who worked under President Ronald Reagan as an assistant secretary of defense-and as someone who witnessed firsthand Reagan's evolution on the efficacy of arms control efforts-watching the unremitting hostility of so many Republican officials toward the Iran nuclear agreement has been nothing short of a remarkable experience. 

      Read more

US-Israel Reignite Rift on Iran Nuke Deal
Barbara Opall-Rome, Defense News
August 8, 2016 

After an extended truce over opposing positions on the US-led nuclear deal with Iran, the US and Israel rekindled their public rift on the issue, with President Barack Obama suggesting Israel own up to misplaced hysteria while Israel's Defense Ministry likened the accord to pre-World War II appeasement of Nazi Germany.

      Read more

As the Iranian Nuclear Deal Loses a Crucial Backer, Is It In Danger of Disintegration?
Ariane Tabatabai, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 3, 2016 

Iran's most powerful figure, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, played a vital role in making sure his country's diplomatic efforts to reach an agreement on its nuclear program were successful. More than a year after the deal was signed in Vienna, though, Khamenei is increasingly distancing himself from it, this week issuing his harshest criticism yet. 

      Read more
ARMS CONTROL AND DETERRENCE
Climate Science, Nuclear Strategy, and the Humanitarian Impacts Debate
  William Ossoff, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 10, 2016 

In the wake of research published in the past decade on the long-term effects of nuclear war, a humanitarian impacts movement has formed and become a rallying point for disarmament activists, as well as a source of passionate disagreement among nations. 
        

To Reduce Missile Threats, Think Outside the Silo
Waheguru Pal Singh (WPS) Sidhu, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
August 10, 2016 

Establishing international norms and instruments to prevent missile proliferation is unlikely to succeed as long as such efforts are seen as discriminatory and lack near-universal adherence. Attempts will also fail as long as missiles, whether conventional or armed with weapons of mass destruction, remain integral to the security of nations.
        

A Giant Solar Storm Nearly Triggered a Nuclear War in 1967
David Mosher, Business Insider
August 9, 2016 

Cold War history is rife with close calls that nearly led to nuclear holocaust.
In September 1983, for example, sunlight reflecting off a patch of clouds fooled a Soviet missile-warning system into detecting the launch of five US intercontinental ballistic missiles that never were. A wary colonel in a bunker ignored the alarm on a 50/50 hunch.
        

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