There is a big problem of human trafficking in Nepal. There are dozens of NGOs working in this sector to eliminate it, but the problem is increasing day by day. It is reported that after the big 7.8 magnitude earthquake in 2015 the problem became the worst it's ever been in the rural areas of Nepal.
Poverty and the lack of employment are the greatest risk factors that make victims, particularly women and girls, vulnerable. As a result young girls have become victim to human trafficking and modern day slavery.
The majority of victims are women and girls. They are especially vulnerable due to limited economic opportunities, high illiteracy and little education rates, and low socioeconomic and cultural status. Victims mostly targeted are those in traditionally disadvantaged, marginalized groups such as the Dalit caste (otherwise known as the untouchables) and ethnic minorities ("janajati", indigenous peoples).
Most victims are lured with promises of better jobs and a new opportunity for life in areas such as India, Dubai, or Saudi Arabia; other tactics include false marriages and proposals, force, and approaching indebted families to sell their daughters to pay-off their debts.
GHNI Nepal is working in the rural areas where people are uneducated, deprived of drinking water, are learning at the primary level of education, lack general health care, and have a lack of employment. GHNI gives Transformational Community Development (TCD) training to empower leaders. These leaders then train other people in their villages, helping to raise awareness on anti-human trafficking/slavery,
promote education, engage in community health, teach the importance of clean drinking water, as well as increase sustainable family income in their own villages. This has been very effective in the villages we've worked in so far.
We focus on teaching self-sustainable methods through TCD, the use of local resources and developing healthy relationships with other people to make a model village for others to see.
Empowering others is the first step to changing a life, and ultimately saving them from a life of slavery.
Authored by: Kiran Karki,
GHNI Nepal National Leader
Edited by: GHNI Staff, US