Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf
was from a noble German family.
While on his "Grand Tour," in which young aristocrats were introduced to royal courts around Europe,
viewed in the Dusseldorf museum a painting by Domenico Feti depicting Christ's suffering.
The painting, titled "Ecce Homo" ("Behold the Man"), had a Latin caption underneath,
"Ego pro te haec passus sum
Tu vero quid fecisti pro me,"
which translated is:
"This have I suffered for you;
now what will you do for me?"
Young Count Zinzendorf
was moved in a profound way.
came to an intensely personal faith in Christ, an experience which was part of a revival movement labeled "Pietism."
opened up his estate at Berthelsdorf, Saxony, for persecuted Christians of Europe to come and live together.
People arrived from Moravia, Bohemia (Czech Republic) and other areas, and built a village on his estate called
"The Lord's Watchful Care."
When they started disagreeing amongst themselves, 27-year-old
began a prayer meeting, August 13, 1727.
This prayer meeting went on 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and, with believers taking turns, went on uninterrupted for over 100 years.
"I have one passion: it is Jesus, Jesus only."
More Moravian missionaries were sent out from Herrnhut in the next 20 years than all Christendom had in the previous 200 years.
went all over the world:
to the West Indies,
to American Indians,
to the northern shores of the Baltic,
to the slaves of South Carolina,
to slaves in South America,
to Tranquebar and Nicobar Islands in the East Indies,
to the Copts in Egypt,
to the Inuit of Labrador, and
to the west coast of South Africa.
sailed to the
colony of Georgia
Caught in a terrible storm, the
confidently sang praise to the Lord.
Get the book Miracles in American History-32 Amazing Stories of Answered Prayer
Their faith made a tremendous impact on two other frightened passengers on that ship, namely,
was being sent to be the Anglican minister in the Colony of Georgia, at the settlement on St. Simon Island;
was sent to be the secretary of Georgia's founder
The Wesley brothers
returned to England where they later founded the
Methodist revival movement.
to study with the
Through the Wesleys, the Moravian influence was felt by
, who helped lead the Great Awakening Revival in the American colonies.
visited America, hoping to unify the various German Protestants churches in Pennsylvania.
On Christmas Eve, 1741,
There his daughter, Benigna, organized a school which became
traveled with the German Indian agent and interpreter
into the wilderness to share his faith with Iroquois Indian chieftains, making
one of the few European noblemen to meet with Indians in their villages.
daughter married a young German minister,
one of the founders of the Lutheran Church in America.
became pastor of fifty German families at the Old Trappe Church in Pennsylvania, December 12, 1742.
founded Trinity Lutheran Church in Reading, Pennsylvania.
was influenced by the Pietist movement within Lutheranism which stressed a personal relationship with Christ in addition to adhering to orthodox doctrine.
had a political consequence similar to 'separation of church and state'.
believed God had a will for everything including government and it was a Christian's duty to put God's Will in place;
on the other hand, believed that when someone believed in Christ their life should change and they should not participate in worldly distractions such as bars, theaters, and ... government.
It was therefore a major step for Henry Muhlenberg's son,
John Peter Muhlenberg,
pastor of Emanuel Church in Woodstock, Virginia, to join General George Washington's army as a colonel, with 300 members of his church forming the 8th Virginia Regiment.
John Peter Muhlenberg
was promoted to Major-General in the Continental Army, then elected to the U.S. Congress and Senate.
Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg,
was pastor of a Lutheran congregation in New York.
became active during the Revolution and afterwards was elected to the U.S. Congress, being the
first Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.
John Peter and Frederick
were members of the
First Session of U.S. Congress
limiting the power of the Federal Government.
of the Amendments were ratified by the States.
There are two signatures on the
Bill of Rights:
Vice-President John Adams-
who was President of the Senate; and
Speaker of the House Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg.
Pastor Henry Melchior Muhlenberg,
who died OCTOBER 7, 1787, wrote of
General George Washington at Valley Forge
The Notebook of a Colonial Clergyman
"I heard a fine example today, namely that His Excellency General Washington rode around among his army yesterday and admonished each to fear God, to put away wickedness...and to practice Christian virtues..."
Rev. Henry Muhlenberg
"From all appearances General Washington does not belong to the so-called world of society, for he respects God's Word, believes in the atonement through Christ, and bears himself in humility and gentleness.
Therefore, the Lord God has also singularly, yea, marvelously preserved him from harm in the midst of countless perils, ambuscades, fatigues, etc., and has hitherto graciously held him in his hand as a chosen vessel."