Nebraska Injury Prevention and Control News
    Issue #60                                                   July 2016
Injury Prevention in the News
The Fire Challenge
There is another dangerous YouTube fad making its way around the internet. The Fire Challenge encourages a person to douse themselves in something flammable. After they are properly covered in the flammable material, the participant is to set themselves on fire. For more information and tips on talking with teens about the dangers of these social media trends, visit the CHOP website.
Help Us STOP Sexual Violence
The CDC has released a new program aimed at preventing sexual violence. The program is titled STOP SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence.
  • About 1 in 5 women have experienced rape or attempted rape. About 1 in 15 men have been made to penetrate someone else.
  • Sexual violence prevention is possible. Decades of research have taught us what works to prevent it.
  • CDC released STOP SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence to help states and communities prioritize efforts to prevent sexual violence.
An infographic can be found here.
Upcoming Events
Child Passenger Safety Technician Training in Nebraska  

2016 class dates for Nebraska:

August 30 - Sept 1, Hastings

Registration is now open.

September 7-10, Lincoln

Registration is now open.

To register for classes or for more information about becoming a CPST go to the Safe Kids Nebraska website.
Safe Kids Nebraska
Disparities in Child Passenger Safety

The Children's Safety Network has released an infographic focusing on the disparities in child passenger deaths and offers prevention strategies.

The infographic breaks down the racial/ethnic backgrounds of child passengers that are fatally injured, as well as other demographics.

The infographic can be accessed here.

Firework Safety
According to Safe Kids, more than 3,000 children under the age of 15 are sent to the emergency room each year in the U.S. because of fireworks. Sparklers account for 1/3 of the injuries to children under 5. If you decide to use fireworks at your home here are a few tips:

- Closely supervise children around fireworks at all times.
- Sparklers can heat up to 1,200 degrees. Provide glow sticks as a substitute to sparklers for young children.
- Have a bucket of water or a fire extinguisher nearby.

Motor Vehicle Safety
New Data: Motorcyclist Deaths Surge 10% in 2015
Preliminary data provided by state highway safety offices indicate that more than 5,000 people were killed on motorcycles in 2015. This would mean there was a 10% increase compared with 2014, and more than 450 additional deaths.

Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) projecting the final motorcyclist fatality total for 2015 will be 5,010. This will be the third year since 2008 that the fatality number has topped 5,000.

Currently, 19 states and D.C. require all riders to wear helmets. 28 mandate helmet use by riders younger than 18 or 21.

The press release is available here.
Hands-Free Cellphones Not Risk-Free
In lab-based tests, British researchers found having conversations that activated the visual imagination and resulted in participants detecting few road hazards.

"Hands-free can be equally distracting because conversations cause the driver to visually imagine what they're talking about. This visual imagery competes for processing resources with what the driver sees in front of them on the road," researcher Graham Hole said.

The article is available on the Lincoln Journal Star's  website.
Older Adult Falls
Lessons Learned Implementing CDC's STEADI Fall Prevention Initiative
An article in The Gerontologist discusses a successful application of the CDC's STEADI Fall Prevention Initiative at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, Oregon. 

According to the publication, " Successful implementation of the STEADI algorithm was facilitated by:
  • Obtaining buy-in from clinic leadership and staff,
  • Adapting STEADI to fit within existing clinic processes,
  • Developing electronic health record (EHR) tools based on STEADI,
  • Having clinical champions embedded within the practice to quickly identify and respond to challenges, and
  • Partnering with the state public health department to link patients to community resources."
The article can be accessed here.
Concussion
More Children Are Suffering Traumatic Brain Injuries at the Playground, Study Says
Research from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the CDC has found a there is a substantial gap in how the United States estimates pediatric concussions. The study found that four in five children were diagnosed at a primary care practice, not the emergency room. It also found that one third of the diagnosed concussions occurred in children under age 12; this population is missed by existing surveillance systems that focus on high school athletes. 
Currently many counts of concussion injury are based on emergency department visits or organized high school and college athletics data.

The press release is available here.
An infographic can be viewed here.
Infographic: Preventing Concussions in Sports
Ohio University has compiled an infographic to help make sense of concussion prevention in sports. The infographic includes general information about concussion, facts about both adult and child athletes, technology in concussion prevention, tools, and more. It can be viewed online here
Prescription Drug Overdose
Impact of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Pill Mill Laws
Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) and "pill mill" laws in Florida were analyzed to determine the effectiveness of these policies. The study analyzed "high-risk prescribers," which are defined as providers in the state's top 5th percentile of opioids prescribed.                     
Before policies ere implemented 4% of providers in Florida were high-risk prescribers, accounting for  40% of total opioid prescriptions. High-risk prescribers wrote 16 times the number of monthly opioid prescriptions, compared to lo-risk prescribers.

The study main findings of the study found that after policies were implemented among high-risk prescribers decreases were seen in the number of patients with an opioid prescription. The effect lo risk opioid prescribers was statistically insignificant. 

The article can be found here.
Opioids Linked with Deaths other than Overdoses
A new study suggests opioids may also contribute to heart-related deaths and other fatalities. The study followed patients given prescription medicine for chronic pain. The study compared patients on other types of painkillers with those on long-acting opioids. Among more than 45,000 patients, those on opioids had a 64% higher risk of dying within 6 months of starting treatment compared to patients using types of other painkillers.

The article can be found here.
Trauma
  Bike Rodeos Offer Opportunities for Trauma Prevention & Education

Millions of Americans ride bicycles each year and bicycling is a fun summertime activity for people of all ages, but did you know that less than half of the cyclists wear helmets?  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2010, 800 bicyclists were killed and an estimated 515,000 additional injuries required emergency room care.  Nearly 26,000 of these injuries are traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents.  Wearing a properly fitting helmet reduces the chance of head injuries in bicycle accidents, however, not everyone wants to wear one.  Bike rodeos are a popular summertime injury prevention project to educate bicyclists and prevent bicycle injuries. Events like bicycle rodeos can be hard to plan without some basic knowledge of biking and what resources are available.  “

Safe Kids Nebraska” and “Safe Kids Worldwide,” (2016) are excellent resources for those who are considering planning a bicycling event.  In addition to information on how to hold an event, collaborating with community partners is an excellent way to make your event successful.  Here is a list of trauma prevention and education opportunities, offered at a recent bicycle rodeo in Nebraska:
  • Free bike registrations
  • Helmet fit testing and free helmet give away
  • Fingerprinting and identification cards for children
  • Bike safety checks
  • Bike course safety-rules of the road
  • Educational handouts on proper helmet wear/ fitting, street safety, bike/ pedestrian injuries, MVC, car seat safety
  • Appearances from helicopter and ambulance services as well as local and state police
  • Car seat checks station
  • Bike raffle to attract community participation

 Bike rodeos are fun, informative and a great event to educate your community on how to prevent bicycle injuries.  For additional information or questions, please contact Crystal Dailey RN, BSN, EMT @ crystal.dailey@nebraska.gov or 402-722-4300. .

 Safety Observances


Vehicle Theft Prevention Month

July 1-31, 2016


July 1-31, 2016


July 1-31, 2016


July 1-31, 2016


July 4, 2016

Back to School Safety Month

August 1-31, 2016


August 17-September 5, 2016


Quick Links
Contact Information

Peg Ogea-Ginsburg, MA                  
Injury Prevention Program Coordinator   


Jason Kerkman, MPH 
Safe Kids Nebraska Coordinator 

Amy Reynoldson
Prescription Drug Overdose Prevention Coordinator


Jeanne Bietz, MA                                             Motor Vehicle Policy Grant Project Coordinator  jeanne.bietz@nebraska.gov


Ashley Newmyer, MPH, CPH
Epidemiology Surveillance Coordinator
Injury Prevention and Control E-News is a monthly newsletter distributed to partners of the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services Injury Prevention and Control Program.