Nebraska Injury Prevention and Control News
    Issue #59                                                   June 2016
Injury Prevention in the News
E-Cigarette Poisonings Surge in Young Children
A study examining poison center calls among children under age 6 from January 2012 through April 2015 found that there has been a spike in calls regarding children swallowing liquid nicotine. Researchers say the results highlight a need for better parent awareness. 

Monthly calls about young kids' swallowing, inhaling, or touching e-cigarettes climbed from 14 to 223 by the study's end. The calls represent 14% of the 30,000 calls about exposure to nicotine and tobacco products during the time. 

The story was published in the journal Pediatrics and can be found here
Swaddling and SIDS
In a study published in the journal, Pediatrics, it was found that swaddling babies may increase the risk of SIDS. Researchers found that babies who were swaddled or wrapped tightly in a blanket or cloth, were twice as likely to die from SIDS if they were laid on their stomachs or sides. The likelihood of SIDS for those who placed babies on their back was low. 

The study did not suggest parents should stop swaddling, it found that swaddling could be dangerous for older children who can move from their backs into a dangerous sleeping position. 

To read the entire story visit this link
  SADD Selects Nebraska Teen for National Leadership Council
SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions) Selects Nebraska Teen for National Leadership Council the nation's premier youth the nation’s premier youth health and safety organization, today announced that Bailey Bindle of Falls City, Nebraska has been named to the SADD National Student Leadership Council for the 2016-2017 school year. No one from Nebraska has ever been selected to the SADD National Student Leadership Council until now.    Read the press release.

Congratulations Bailey!
Upcoming Events
Child Passenger Safety Technician Training in Nebraska  

2016 class dates for Nebraska:

August 30 - Sept 1, Hastings

Registration is now open.

September 7-10, Lincoln

Registration is now open.

To register for classes or for more information about becoming a CPST go to the Safe Kids Nebraska website.
Safe Kids Nebraska
Are Child Safety Caps Enough to Keep Kids Out? 

 A study from Safe Kids found there are more than 1,100 emergency calls each day about children getting into medicine or accidentally ingesting too much medicine. 

According to Safe Kids the number one drug children get into is ibuprofen.

The study can be found at the Safe Kids website

An article about the study can be found on the Today Show's website

New Research Confirms Parents, Laws Can Make a Difference in Reducing Teens' Risky Driving
New research from Safe Kids Worldwide reveals that family agreements and stronger driver's license laws have a proven track record for saving lives. Parents favor the stronger provisions in laws, according to the Safe Kids survey. The report shows that when parents and teens discuss rules and come to an agreement, verbal or written, the teens are 10 times less likely to engage in risky behavior while driving. These teens are also more likely to wear a seatbelt. States with GDL laws setting rules for teen drivers see a 38% reduction in fatal crashes involving 16-year-old drivers. Safe Kids' full report is available here.

Water Safety

It's that time of year again. The weather gets warmer so families head to the pools and beaches. Water activities are a great way to enjoy your summer so follow the tips below to do it safely. Supervision is key to keeping kids safe around the water. When you are at the pool or beach with the kids designate an adult to be a water watcher. 

Water Watcher Card  Swimming Safety  Boating Safety  Home Water Safety

Motor Vehicle Safety
Pot-Linked Fatal Car Crashes Doubled in One State After Legalization
A new study found the number of fatal car crashes involving marijuana more than doubled after Washington state legalized the drug. In December 2012 marijuana became legal in Washington. Between 2013 and 2014 the percentage of Washington drivers involved in fatal car accidents after using marijuana rose from 8% to 17%, according to a study done by AAA.

For the full article visit the Lincoln Journal Star's website.
Lincoln to Install 10 Electric Car Charger Stations Downtown
This summer Lincoln will be adding 10 electric charging stations in the downtown area. This will produce enough energy to fuel half of the electric cars in Lancaster County. The stations come from a grant program. The goal is to encourage more people to buy cars that use alternative fuels. 

The article is available here.
Older Adult Falls
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Falls Among Persons Aged Older Than 65 With and Without Sever Vision Impairment
Vision impairment is associated with falls among people older than 65. A state-based, cross-sectional survey of US adults older than 65 found that 28.9% of respondents reported at least one fall in the previous year. Of the 6.7% of respondents who reported having severe vision impairment, 46.7% reported a fall. The report suggests the need to develop fall prevention interventions for persons with severe vision impairment. Visit the CDC's  website for more information.
More Children Are Suffering Traumatic Brain Injuries at the Playground, Study Says
Researchers from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control looked at injury rates for kids under 14 from 2005 to 2013. It was found that children are increasingly being diagnosed with traumatic brain injuries after run-ins with playground equipment. Boys accounted for 58% of the TBIs, and 50.6% of the children were between 5 and 9 years old. The monkey bars and swings were the playground equipment most commonly associated with TBIs.

The full story is available here.
Traumatic Brain Injury Can Cause Long-Term Sleep Problems and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
A study published in Neurology finds that people who suffer TBI may experience sleep problems a year and a half after the injury. The study followed 31 patients who experienced serious head injury 18 months before. The participants were asked to keep track of sleeping habits and involved in an in lab sleep study. The research found 67% of the study's participants had problems with daytime sleepiness compared to 19% of the control group. The article is available at Newsweek's website.  
Children Take Longer to Fully Recover From Concussion
York University concussion experts report that children and youth take more time to fully recover from a concussion than previously thought. It may take up to two years to fully recover from a TBI before a child can play as skillfully as their teammates with no history of concussion. The findings indicate that those between ages 8 and 16 are neurologically more fragile than adults for performing tasks that require cognitive motor integration following a concussion. The press release is available here.
Prescription Drug Overdose
Acetaminophen Reduces Empathy, Study Finds
According to a new study, taking acetaminophen to reduce pain may also decrease your empathy for other people's physical and social pains.

Researchers at Ohio State University found that when participants who took acetaminophen and learned about the misfortunes of others, they thought these individuals experienced less pain and suffering, when compared to those who took no painkiller.

The article can be found here.                             
OxyContin's 12-Hour Problem
A Times investigative report has insight into why many people become addicted to OxyContin. OxyContin was marketed as a painkiller that lasts for 12 hours. In many cases OxyContin wears off hours early. When OxyContin's effects begin to lessen patients can experience symptoms of withdrawal, including intense craving for the drug. 

According to neuropharmacologist Theodore Cicero, OxyContin taken at 12-hour intervals could be "the perfect recipe for addiction." Patients in whom the drug doesn't last 12 hours feel both the underlying pain and "the beginning stages of acute withdrawal." 

The entire article is available at the LA Times website.
Michigan's Department of Environmental Quality- Drug Disposal
The Department of Environmental Quality in Michigan has created a new webpage outlining proper drug disposal procedures. The site explains the impact of improper disposal on amphibians, fish, wildlife, and bacteria. The site also includes PDF documents and other resources and information about the issue.

The webpage is available here.
Distracted Driving

  Distracted Driving       According to Nebraska Trauma Registry data collected from the years 2009-2013, motor vehicle crashes were the second leading cause of injury in the State of Nebraska.  Driving distracted can increase your chance of being in a motor vehicle crash that will result in death or a life altering disability.  Distracted driving is a deadly behavior. According to Triple AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety (2016) tens of thousands of people are killed or injured from distracted driving per year. Research shows that being distracted by a cell phone quadruples the risk of being in an accident. This statistic is about the same as people driving while intoxicated.

Distracted driving includes more than just texting, it also includes checking e-mails and Facebook while driving. All of these require visual, manual, and cognitive attention from the driver. It not only diverts the person’s attention, it endangers the driver, passenger and bystanders. Unfortunately, social media is everywhere and people do not believe this can happen to them. Injury prevention has to get the message out that these text and e-mails can wait. It is not worth injury or loss of life. How do we prevent this? There are several organizations that have excellent videos that send strong messages to the population about the consequences. National Safety Council Nebraska and Safe Kids Worldwide are just two sites that offer these.

For more information or additional questions please contact, Crystal Dailey RN, DHHS EMS/Trauma Program Trauma Nurse Specialist @ or 402-722-4300.

 Safety Observances

June 1-30, 2016

June 1-7, 2016

June 20, 2016

Quick Links
Contact Information

Peg Ogea-Ginsburg, MA                  
Injury Prevention Program Coordinator   

Jason Kerkman, MPH 
Safe Kids Nebraska Coordinator 

Amy Reynoldson
Prescription Drug Overdose Prevention Coordinator

Jeanne Bietz, MA                                             Motor Vehicle Policy Grant Project Coordinator

Ashley Newmyer, MPH, CPH
Epidemiology Surveillance Coordinator
Injury Prevention and Control E-News is a monthly newsletter distributed to partners of the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services Injury Prevention and Control Program.