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The International Association for the Study of Obesity Newsletter

July 2011

Greetings!

 

Latest News from IASO

 

IASO speaks at United Nations...

 

Professor Shiriki Kumanyika, co-chair of the IOTF, spoke on behalf of IASO at the United Nations hearings into Non-Communicable Diseases, held in New York in June. She pointed out that IASO was the only major international organisation speaking for obesity and that obesity was a major risk factor for the NCD's being discussed. Obesity was not easily treated and the emphasis must be on prevention, especially the up-stream actions such as controlling marketing to children.

 

Professor Kumanyika called on the UN to consider the international, cross-border polices which need to be introduced to support member states in their drive to prevent obesity. She urged the UN to charge the World Health Organization with helping member states to agree an international code of marketing to children, and for WHO to work with the UN Standing Committee on Nutrition and other UN agencies to develop a food supply policy which meets environmental, developmental and health goals. A webcast of the event is available on the UN website (webcast) and Professor Kumanyika's contribution can be seen 1h 38m after the start of the first session. 

 

As part of its support for the United Nations action on NCD's, IASO has drafted a set of 'Obesity Outcomes' aimed at the UN member states to support their policy development.

  

- IASO's Obesity Outcomes Statement

 

IASO has also contributed to the papers for the NCD Alliance - a grouping of major international non-governmental organisations - in their submissions to the UN action on NCDs. In particular, IASO helped to draft the paper on nutrition and physical activity - see here 

  

 

IASO launches StanMark Principles...

 

The IASO project on standards for marketing food to children (the StanMark project - see here) comes to its conclusions this summer, with the publication of its outline Principles for Marketing to Children. These principles focus on the standards for marketing which would be needed to reduce the risk of child exposure to market inducements to the consumption of foods high in fats, sugars and salt. The project has sought to define the rules for 'responsible' marketing and is an attempt to improve the current voluntary standards proposed by food companies and international commercial groups. The universal marketing standards can be viewed here 

 

IASO has also been engaged in supporting the World Health Organization as it follows-up the 2010 World Health Assembly's Recommendations on marketing to children. IASO has helped to draft guidance to member states on how to take the next steps to implement these Recommendations. The document is expected to be published by WHO in autumn 2011.

 

Consumers International is producing a Manual for Monitoring Marketing of Food to Children, to help member states and other NGOs to support the WHO Recommendations. IASO is an advisor on the project and the Manual is due to be published in autumn 2011.

 

 

IASO news services to merge...

 

The two  weekly news services -  'Obesity in the News' and 'News on Marketing to Children' sent from the IASO head office - are to be merged in July. Subscribers will automatically receive both services. The email alerting service will be re-designed to provide an easy-to -read one-line summary of recent news items, with more details provided by following links to our web pages at http://www.iaso.org/news/obesity-news/ or direct to the source news pages on the Internet. 

 

Child obesity conference focuses on upstream issues...

 

July sees a major international conference in Lisbon, Portugal, on child obesity - including health promotion in the community, and 'health in all policies' to promote inter-sectoral action across government departments to protect child health and prevent obesity.

 

Keynote speakers include Dr Tim Lobstein from IASO, and Dr Jason Halford, President of the UK ASO.  Details at http://www.cioi2011.org/

  

Obesity in the News

 

Latest articles of obesity in the news...

 

Please note that all external links are provided for information only, their inclusion is not indicative of IASO endorsement.

 

Study finds Americans are eating more and more often (June 30th, 2011)

Americans may be cutting back on super-sized meals, but waistlines continue to expand from more frequest eating.

 

USA: TV junk-food ads do boost kids' appetites (June 30th, 2011)

Television ads for junk food make children hungry for those foods, especially if they watch a lot of television, according to a study published in Paediatrics.

 

Australia: Fast foods ads increase after industry voluntary measures (June 30th, 2011)

Children's exposure to television advertising for unhealthy fast food has not changed since the introduction of industry self-regulation, and fast food ads are significantly more frequent overall, according to new reserach from the University of Sydney.

 

Click headlines to see the full story

 

To see more of the latest articles of obesity in the news please visit: http://www.iaso.org/news/obesity-news/ 

 

Publications

 

Obesity Reviews...

 

A message from Professor David York, Editor-in-Chief...

 

July Obesity Reviews (Volume 12, Issue 70) sees a bumper edition of Obesity Reviews that includes 7 reviews in the print edition plus another 7 reviews in an electronic supplement on Diet and Physical Activity. Once again there are papers covering prevalence, management and prevention of Obesity as well as etiology and pathophysiology and diagnosis. The increasing prevalence on childhood obesity is emphasized in the review of Kunesova et al on 7 year old Czech children which provides the encouraging data that suggests that the incidence may be plateauing in girls at least. Two reviews cover the role of specific diets in the management of Obesity. The first (Kong et al) reviews the epidemiological and clinical data that relate to the use of low-glycemic index diets in children and adolescents; the second (Yuliana et al) takes a comprehensive look at the use of herbal medicines for suppression of food intake and the potential for this research area to identify pharmaceutical candidates. Athyros and colleagues review the beneficial effects of bariatric surgery on cardiovascular risk and compare the outcomes from Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with gastric banding. The potential role of epigenetic effects in mediating obesity risk gets further support in the review of Yu et al that identifies the association between high birth weight and obesity risk.

 

The review by Johnson et al highlights an intriguing concept that the increasing indoor temperatures that maintain thermal comfort in winter might be contributing to a reduced energy expenditure in humans and a failure to activate brown adipose tissue thermogenesis. The message from this review is clearly to turn down that thermostat! While the Healthy People Program in the USA has highlighted the need for public health approaches to combat obesity and its associated comorbidities, Willett and colleagues (Hu et al) review the Healthy China 2020 approach and the potential efficacy and effectiveness of the proposed strategies for combating these diseases in China.

 

Papers in the electronic supplement include reviews on the effects of vegetable oil emulsions on food intake (Appleton et al), catechin rich teas and caffeine on energy expenditure (Hursel et al), dairy consumption and the risk of overweight and obesity (Louie et al), and a comparison of the effectiveness of intermittent versus daily caloric restriction for weight loss (Varady). Gardner and colleagues review the use of diet and physical activity to reduce gestational weight gain while Chinapaw et al review the relationship between sedentary behavior and health indicators in young people.

 

The final review (Gourlan) looks at the global effectiveness of interventions promoting physical activity in the obese on weight, health risk factors and maintenance of the behavioral change. Finally this edition of Obesity Reviews also includes the abstracts from the 8th Metabolic Syndrome Symposium that was held recently in Turkey.

 

So whatever your interest in obesity is, be it basic science, public health, treatment or management, there is at least one review in this edition of Obesity Reviews that should grab your attention.

 

Obesity Reviews July 2011 

 

 

International Journal of Pediatric Obesity...
 

The next issue of the International Journal of Pediatric Obesity (Volume 6, Issue 3-4) will be published on the 22nd of July. Professor Michael Goran, Editor-in-Chief has selected a few articles from the issue for you to read in advance below.

 

Year in Review 2010:

In this article, Goran and Ventura review the articles that were published in IJPO in 2010. This Editorial notes a parallel between the state of our world in general and the current status of childhood obesity research. For example many of the papers in 2010 related to the themes of socioeconomics, China as a rising power, well-being/quality of life, and healthcare reform, issues that are also relevant to current trends in global health, well-being and economic status.

 

Improvement of aerobic fitness in obese children: a meta-analysis:
This review by Saavedra et al summarizes the findings of a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of diverse interventions in aerobic fitness in obese children. The analysis showed that: (i) programs based on aerobic exercise have a moderate positive effect on aerobic fitness; (ii) programs lasting more than 12 weeks (3000 minutes total exercise time) in three sessions per week (more than 60 min per session) were more effective; (iii) combined exercise programs fail to achieve improvements in aerobic fitness; and (iv) few randomized clinical trials have been conducted. 

 

Dietary self-monitoring and it's impact on weight loss in overweight children:

This original research article by Mockus et al examined whether dietary self-monitoring was related to weight loss in overweight children and whether perceived social support or dietary self-efficacy affects this relation. Although dietary self-monitoring is not generally recommended in children, this study showed that as in adults and adolescents, dietary self-monitoring in children was indeed associated with greater decreases in percent overweight.

 

To see more online papers please click here

IASO Upcoming Events

 

 

Scope Summer School 2011 will take place in 3 weeks time...

 

LAST CHANCE TO REGISTER

 

Download your registration form today!

 

The 3rd Scope Summer School will be held at Downing College in Cambridge from 28th - 31st July.

 

This intensive course provides a unique opportunity for professionals to engage with experts in the field and understand the new challenges in obesity management. Taught by leading international experts, the sessions will involve lectures, discussions, debates as well as opportunities to socialise and share experiences with experts and fellow students.

 

Scope Summer School has also been accredited by the Royal College of Nursing Accreditation Unit (RCN). RCN accreditation ensures that the educational content has been rigorously assessed, meets the RCN's quality standards, promotes best practice and provides effective education outcomes.  

  
Download a copy of the latest programme HERE

 

If you have any comments or information you would like us to include in the next IASO newsletter please contact:

 

Emma Graham

Publishing and Communications Manager

email: egraham@iaso.org

phone: +44 (0) 20 7685 2580

web: http://www.iaso.org

 

 

 

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