Ohioans who became eligible for health care coverage through the state’s recent Medicaid expansion reported that it was easier for them to keep or find work, and most reported better health and financial security as a result of obtaining coverage. The Ohio Medicaid Department shared these findings with the Ohio General Assembly in a report published December 31. Other findings from the report include:
- a large decline in the uninsured rate for low-income adults to the lowest rate ever recorded;
- most enrollees (89 percent) were uninsured prior to obtaining Medicaid coverage;
- improved access to care was associated with a reduction in unmet medical needs;
- high-cost emergency department use decreased;
- many detected previously unknown or unaddressed chronic health conditions;
- health status improved for most (48 percent) and worsened for very few (4 percent);
- many enrollees (32 percent) screened positive for depression or anxiety disorders;
- many enrollees reported it was now easier to buy food and pay rent; and
- the percentage of enrollees with medical debt fell by nearly half.
The Ohio Medicaid Assessment is one of the nation’s most comprehensive reviews of a state’s Medicaid expansion population (called Group VIII for the section of federal code that expanded the program). At the request of the Ohio General Assembly, Ohio Medicaid commissioned the assessment, which was then independently developed and carried out by a partnership of the Ohio Colleges of Medicine Government Resource Center, The Ohio State University College of Public Health, Ohio University, and RTI International.
Read the Assessment