NOVEMBER 2016
NASAL FOREIGN BODY CASE PRESENTATION

Signalment: 8-year-old male castrated Terrier mix (10.3 kg)

Presenting Complaint: sneezing and gagging for 1.5 weeks prior to presentation which progressed to nasal congestion.

History: Initial clinical signs included sneezing followed by gagging. At night nasal congestion was noted by owners. Initial medical management included enrofloxacin and Neo-Poly-Dex drops administered intra-nasally. No improvement noted and a nasal flush 1 week later flushed out mucoid nasal discharge. Increased frequency of sneezing and nasal discharge was noted after the nasal flush. Eating more slowly since the nasal disease started.


Thoracoscopy for Treatment of Cardiac Hemangiosarcoma
A 7 year old female spayed 14 kilogram mixed breed dog was presented to HOPE Veterinary Specialists for a surgical consult after recent diagnosis of a right auricular mass.  She initially presented to her local emergency clinic for an acute episode of lethargy, pale mucous membranes and increased respiratory effort.  

Radiographs at that time showed a characteristic "globoid" heart shape and a focal thoracic ultrasound revealed pericardial effusion causing cardiac tamponade.  Pericardiocentesis was performed, she was evaluated the following morning by a cardiologist and an echocardiogram revealed a 3 x 4 cm right auricular mass.  Bloodwork showed mild hypoalbuminemia but no evidence of anemia. Cytology of the pericardial fluid was consistent with hemorrhage and no neoplastic cells were noted.  Pericardiocentesis was required three additional times over the next few days. 

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In 2016, an estimated over 1.5 million new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in the United States and almost 600,000 people will die from the disease. 1   On the veterinary side, there are approximately 65 million dogs and 32 million cats in the United States, with roughly 6 million new cancer diagnoses made in each dogs and cats annually. 2   Although we often see ourselves in the veterinary world as "catching up" to the human side, veterinary cancer medicine has actually co-evolved with human cancer medicine. November is Pet Cancer Awareness month, which is always a good time to reflect upon our progress and standing as a profession. The following provides a (rather) abbreviated overview of where we started, where we are, and where we've still yet to go.
Which Drugs Are Used for Medical Management of Lymphoma in Dogs & Cats? Part 1

The following drugs can be used in the management of lymphoma in dogs and cats. Part 1 will discuss asparaginase, doxorubicin, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and lomustine.
          • Asparaginase
          • Doxorubicin
          • Vincristine 
          • Cyclophosphamide
          • Lomustine
          • Chlorambucil
          • Corticosteroids (prednisone and derivatives)


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Sick Dogs Could Be Key to Unlocking Mysteries of Immunotherapy
Novel cancer drugs that harness an individual's own immune system to fight cancer are showing incredible promise in some patients, but researchers don't fully understand why these immunotherapies work for some people and not others.

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health say they need animal models that imitate the human immune system to study the effects of these drugs. This week an advisory committee at the National Cancer Institute at NIH said it will  start a new program  in 2017 to study experimental immunotherapies in dogs with cancer. The National Cancer Institute has been performing clinical trials in dogs since 2003 with other cancer therapies, but this is the first large-scale dog immunotherapy effort the institute is supporting.

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UPCOMING CE EVENTS
2017 CE in the CITY- Focus on: Dermatology
            Date: Sunday April 2, 2017
            Location: WHYY Studios, Independence Mall, Philadelphia, PA
            Credits: 5 hours RACE CE
            RSVP: https://ceinthecity2017.eventbrite.com