Burke County Center
  October, 2016
Burke County Center
National 4-H Week
October 2 - 8, 2016

Every year during the first full week of October, youth and adults rally together to celebrate national 4-H Week.  Burke County 4-H has planned several events and activities this year to reignite current 4-Hers and recruit new involvement.
Tuesday, October 4, 2016
5:00 - 6:00 pm
Interested in 4-H Meeting
This meeting is for anyone interested in 4-H.  Get your questions answered, find a club that is the perfect fit for you, and learn how to join.  Future 4-Hers are invited to stay for the Covered Dish Cookout and the Burke County 4-H County Council meeting that starts at 6:00 pm. 

Wednesday, October 5, 2016
National Youth Science Day - Drone Discovery
Call the office to sign up if you are interested in participating.  We will experiment with a glider drone, learn basic flight dynamics and be a part of a nationwide STEM event!.  No cost.

Thursday, October 6, 2016
7:00 pm
Roller Skating 
Show your 4-H colors! Wear your green and white or 4-H shirts and meet at Pavilion Roller Skating in Morganton for an evening of skating fun.

Saturday, October 8, 2016
9:30 pm - 8:00 am Sunday
4-H Lock-in
Activities for the night include making hay-bale decorations, playing games, team-building activities, movies, food, and fun!  You must call the office to sign up prior to the lock-in.  

Sunday, October 9, 2016
8:00 am - 5:00 pm
State Fair Hay-bale Decorating 
4-Hers will travel to Raleigh to decorate the Burke County hay-bale for the State Fair.  
Become a Master Gardener
The 2017 class will start on Wednesday, January 18, 2017 and continue on Wednesday mornings through mid-April.
This class is for anyone who has a desire to learn about gardening. There will be hands-on activities as well as classroom work.

We are accepting applications now. You can call our office at 764-9480 if you have questions or would like to have an application mailed or emailed to you or visit our website to download an application. Deadline for applications is Tuesday, January 3, 2017.  
Family Day  
Rescheduled for Monday, October 3rd 

Join us for Burke County's 9th annual Family Day! Family Day is a national initiative created by The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse to promote simple acts of parental engagement as key ways to help prevent risky substance use in children and teens. There will be food, games, and fun family activities! The event will be held Monday, October 3rd, at Catawba Meadows Park in Morganton, from 4-7pm.
Burke County Beekeepers Meeting
October 11, 2016 at 6:30 pm

The Burke County Beekeepers Association (BCBA) meets monthly at the Burke County Agricultural Building located at 130 Ammons Drive in Morganton.  There is a featured speaker each month and the public is invited to attend. The BCBA is a chapter of the North Carolina State Beekeepers Association.

The program for the October meeting will be conducted by Rusty Jones, BCBA vice-president.  Rusty will speak about alternative hives.  Rusty, who uses both top bar hives and "standard" hives, will have slides and give details on the pros and cons of each method.
Winterizing the Home Landscape
October 13, 2016 at 6:00 pm

Extension intern, Tracy Ward will present a program on winterizing the home landscape and vegetable garden. Tracy is a student at NCA&T University, studying horticulture. He will cover, pruning, weed control, new plantings and winter protection, along with other topics. The program will be a culmination of his work here at the Extension Office this fall. This free workshop will be held at the Burke County Agricultural Building. Please call our office at 828-764-9480 to register.
ECA Fall Meeting  
October 27th at 6:00 pm 
The Burke County Extension & Community Association will meet on October 27th for their fall business meeting and dinner.  
Steps to Health

Less Screen Time = More FUN!
What is screen time? "Screen time" is a term used for activities done in front of a screen, such as watching TV, working on a computer, or playing video games. Screen time is a sedentary activity, meaning you are being physically inactive while sitting down.
Too much screen time can:
  • Make it hard to sleep at night.
  • Raise the risk of attention problems, anxiety, and depression.
  • Increase the risk of obesity because:
    • Sitting and not being physically active.
    • TV commercials can lead to unhealthy food choices.
    • Children and adults eat more when watching TV, especially when they see ads for foods.
 Current screen time guidelines:
  • Pediatricians recommend NO screen time for children under age 2.
  • Health experts suggest no more than 2 hours of computer, television or video game time per day unless it's related to work or homework.
  • Remove the TV or computer from your child's bedroom.
  • DO NOT allow TV watching during meals or homework.
For more information on nutrition, physical activity, food safety, and cooking, check us out online at www.ncstepstohealth.org or visit our partners' page at   www.ncfamilieseatingbetter.org . Visit and "Like" Steps To Health on Facebook at NCSU Steps To Health.

Nickels for Know How Referendum
November 1, 2016

How it began:
Famers started Nickels for Know-How in a referendum held November 3, 1951.  The General Assembly authorized a vote on the self-help program after it had been requested by the North Carolina Farm Bureau and the NC State Grange.

How it works:
Manufacturers originally added a nickel - five cents - to the price of their feed and fertilizers to support the referendum.  Over time, the amount collected has increased to 15 cents.

Who can vote:
If you or your family buy feed or fertilizer, you can vote.  Consumers decide every six years if they wish to continue the program.  If two thirds of the voters vote "Yes" in the referendum, the Nickels for Know-How program will continue for another six years.

Where to vote:
In Burke County, there will be three polling places open from 8:00 - 5:00 on Tuesday, November 1, 2016. 

Burke County Cooperative Extension Office
130 Ammons Drive, Morganton

Belle Farm
3851 Kathy Road, Morganton

Homer's Feed & Seed
305 3rd Street, Hildebran
Control Next Year's Weeds Now

Do you remember the weeds that were growing in the lawn last spring? Things like wild garlic, chickweed and hairy bittercress. Well, it'll soon be time to treat the lawn for the fall crop of wild garlic. This perennial weed comes up in the spring then dies back for the summer and re-sprouts in the fall. Don't spray until it comes up in the fall but use a pesticide containing 2,4-D. You should start noticing it in the next few weeks. If you didn't spray in March or April, you'll have to spray again next spring but it can be controlled.
You should start noticing the winter annual weeds pretty soon too. Plants such as chickweed, hairy bitter cress and Carolina geranium will be germinating soon to cause problems in the spring lawn. They must be treated before they start to make seed in the early spring. As soon as you start seeing them this fall, spray the lawn with an herbicide that is listed for them. Then spray again in January when the temperature is at least 55 degrees. Look for herbicides containing dicamba, MCPP and 2,4-D.
Timing is critical in lawn weed control. Applying pesticides at the right time can take care of pesky weed problems and leave the lawn weed free. Please read the label and follow the directions for use on any pesticide you might purchase.
Red Eye Bus Trip to NYC
November 30 - December 2

The bus will depart from Morganton at 7:30pm on November 30 and arrive in NYC at approximately 8:00 am on December 1st. Spend your day shopping, sightseeing or taking in a Broadway show.  The bus will then depart NYC at midnight and return to Morganton on the morning of December 2nd.

The cost of the trip is $200 per person with a $50 deposit required to reserve your seat. The balance is due by November 14th. Anyone 18 and under must be accompanied by an adult. Visit our website to download the registration form. Seats are limited so reserve yours today!

Pasture Management

Provide good quality pasture to replacement heifers. Heifers need to weigh between 600 and 700 pounds by March 1 and be a minimum of 14 months of age so that they can be bred to calve 30 days before the cow herd.  Feed heifers to gain 1 to 1 1/4 pounds per day. (Good use for switchgrass)

Mares due to foal in January should be removed from fescue pastures at this time and fed a forage other than fescue to avoid endophyte related foaling problems.

The last cutting of sudex and sudangrass hybrids may be taken now if not done in September. If they are hit with an early frost, do not graze them due to the likelihood of prussic acid poisoning.  Prussic acid will break down in a few weeks if the forage is cut and baled for hay.  Be sure to feed frosted sudex and sudangrass hays late enough for this breakdown to occur.

Be alert for the danger of scarlet (red) maple poisoning of horses as the leaves turn and drop.  Horses will not normally eat enough of these leaves to harm them but if falling leaves collect on pasture grasses or hay is fed where scarlet maple leaves are on the ground, they can get a lethal dose. 

Have soil samples tested to determine next year's lime and fertilizer needs in time to budget for them.

Cattle on either a strategic deworming schedule or a twice a year schedule should be dewormed now.

It is also important that he horse be given a dewormer which is effective on the larva of the bottle tailed fly (bots) after the fly has been made inactive by cold weather but before they have developed to the point where they constitute a drain on the horse. This point is generally recognized as October in this part of North Carolina.

Safe Plates Training
Early November
NC Safe Plates is a food safety certification course developed by North Carolina State University. NC establishments must have at least one supervisor certified as a food protection manager through an American National Standards Institute (ANSI)- accredited program or face a two-point violation from the health department.
NC Safe Plates has the same ANSI certification as ServSafe.

Upcoming Class - November 2, 3, 4, 2016. Each day will begin at 9:00 am and end at 1 pm. The two-hour exam will be on November 9, 2016 at 9:00 am. Please register and pay by Thursday, October 27, 2016. The cost of the class is $115.00 which covers the cost of the book, exam, handouts and refreshments.
Call our office at 828-764-9480 for more information.

Fall 4-H Scrapbook Crop
Early November
Are you a scrapbooker or card maker? Would you like to spend a day with others who share your passion for this hobby? If so you'll want to attend the Fall 4-H Crop on Saturday, November 5th at the Burke County Agricultural Building in Morganton. This crop offers a great place to spread out your materials on your own 6-foot table, loading and unloading assistance, continental breakfast, lunch and snacks throughout the day, door prizes and goody bags. Vendors will be onsite and participants will have access to a computer and printer as well as Cricut and Sizzix.
The cost is $35 and all the proceeds go to help fund 4-H programs right here in Burke County. Call our office at 828-764-9480 for more information or a registration form or visit our website to download the registration form.
The deadline for registration is October 31, 2016.
Burke County Cooperative Extension
130 Ammons Drive, Morganton, NC 28655