Quote: Author, Michelle Alexander
"The New Jim Crow"
"The New Fugitive Slave Law was enacted in 1850. In exchange for the Gold in California's 1849 (The 49ers) Gold Rush the Slavers agreed to allow the North to admit California into the Union as a Free state. In addition the government agreed to pay a bounty for the Slavers' "Fugitives". Secondly, the New Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 deputized and rewarded any person for the "re-enslavement" of any Free Black person they suspected of being a "Fugitive". Prior to 1850, the law mandated a bounty hunter obtain a warrant before an arrest, thereby affording the Free African American due process. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, no longer required a warrant. Consequently thousands of Free African Americans were kidnapped and enslaved."