ippecanoe and Tyler too" was the campaign slogan of
9th President William Henry Harrison
, born FEBRUARY 9, 1773.
was an aide-de-camp to
General "Mad Anthony" Wayne,
who defeated the British and Indians at
the Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794
was the hero of the
Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811,
Battle of the Thames, 1813
, recovering Detroit from the British and their Indian allies, led by Shawnee chief Tecumseh.
was the son of
, a signer the Declaration of Independence, and he was the grandfather of
, the 23rd President.
William Henry Harrison
Secretary of the Northwest Territory
, consisting of 260,000 square miles from which were formed the States of
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin
He was the Territory's first delegate to Congress and the Governor of the Indiana Territory in 1801.
William Henry Harrison
as President, only 31 days, after having given the
longest Inaugural address
, consisting of 8,445 words.
Written with the help of
this profound address took
nearly two hours to deliver in the cold, wet weather of Washington, D.C.
Catching a cold, and with little time to recuperate due to the demands of the office, he succumbed to pneumonia.
died on April 4, 1841, being the first President to die in office.
Vice-President John Tyler
succeeded him, declaring April 9, 1841:
"When a Christian people feel themselves to be overtaken by a great public calamity, it becomes them to humble themselves under the dispensation of Divine Providence ...
The death of
William Henry Harrison,
late President of the United States, so soon after his elevation to that high office, is a bereavement ... to impress all minds with a sense of the uncertainty of human things and of the dependence of nations, as well as individuals, upon our Heavenly Parent ...
recommending, as I now do, to the people of the United States ... that ... they observe
a Day of Fasting and Prayer."
William Henry Harrison
, in his
, March 4, 1841, warned:
"The great danger to our institutions does ... appear to me to be ...
the accumulation in one of the departments
of that which was assigned to others.
... Limited as are the powers which have been granted, still enough have been granted to constitute
a despotism if concentrated in one of the departments
... particularly ... the Executive ...
The tendency of power to increase itself,
exercised by a single individual ... would terminate in virtual monarchy
Senator Daniel Webster
stated May 27, 1834:
"The contest, for ages, has been to rescue liberty from the grasp of executive power."
warnings were echoed by other Presidents.
stated in his Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981:
"Government is not the solution to our problem
We've been tempted to believe ... that government by
an elite group
is superior to government for, by, and of the people ...
We are a nation that has a government -- not the other way around. And this makes us special among the nations of the Earth.
Our government has no power except that granted it by the people.
It is time to check and reverse the growth of government,
which shows signs of having grown beyond the consent of the governed ...
Our present troubles ... are proportionate to the intervention and
intrusion in our lives
that result from unnecessary and
excessive growth of government."
President Donald J. Trump
agreed, stating in his Inaugural Address, January 20, 2017:
"Today we are not merely transferring power from one Administration to another, or from one party to another -- but we are transferring power from Washington, D.C. and
giving it back to you, THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ...
For too long,
a small group
in our nation's Capital has reaped the rewards of government while the people have borne the cost.
Washington flourished -- but the people did not share in its wealth. Politicians prospered -- but the jobs left, and the factories closed.
The establishment protected itself,
but not the citizens ... That all changes - starting right here, and right now ...
The United States of America, is your country. What truly matters is not which party controls our government, but whether
our government is controlled by THE PEOPLE."
William Henry Harrison
continued his Inaugural warning, March 4, 1841:
"Republics can commit no greater error than to ... continue any feature in their ... government which may ...
increase the love of power in the bosoms
of those to whom necessity obliges them to commit the management of their affairs ...
once takes possession of the human mind, like the love of gold
it becomes insatiable
. It is the
never-dying worm in his bosom,
grows with his growth and strengthens with the declining years of its victim."
President Harry S Truman
wrote in a personal memorandum, April 16, 1950:
"There is a lure in power. It can get into a man's blood just as gambling and lust for money have been known to do."
, the great-grandson of President John Adams, stated:
"Power is poison."
President Harrison continued his Inaugural:
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"It is the part of wisdom for a republic
to limit the service of that officer ... to whom she has intrusted the management ...
to a period so short as to prevent his forgetting that he is the accountable agent, not the principle;
the servant, not the master ..."
The great dread
... seems to have been that
the reserved powers of the States would be absorbed by ... the Federal Government
and a consolidated power established,
leaving to the States the shadow only
of that independent action for which they had so zealously contended ...
There is still an undercurrent at work
by which, if not seasonably checked, the worst apprehensions of our anti-federal patriots will be realized ...
Not only will the State authorities be overshadowed by the great increase of power in the Executive department ... but the character of that Government, if not its designation, be essentially and
... This state of things has been in part effected by ..
. the never-failing tendency of political power to increase itself."
reflected a similar sentiment in his Inaugural:
"It is my intention to
curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment
and to demand recognition of the distinction between the powers granted to the Federal Government and those reserved to the States or to the people.
All of us need to be reminded that
the Federal Government did not create the States; the States created the Federal Government."
addressed the Governors' Conference, June 24, 1957:
was itself the creature of
the States ...
Yet today it is often made to appear that
the creature, Frankenstein-like, is determined to destroy the creators."
"January 20th 2017, will be remembered as the day
THE PEOPLE became the rulers of this nation again."
William Henry Harrison
continued his warning:
"It is not by the extent of its patronage alone that the Executive department has become dangerous, but by the use which it appears may be made of the appointing power
to bring under its control
the whole revenues of the country ...
There was wanting no other addition to the powers of our Chief Magistrate to stamp monarchical character on our Government but the control of the public finances ...
... The first Roman Emperor
, in his attempt to
seize the sacred treasure
, silenced the opposition of the officer to whose charge it had been committed by a significant allusion to his sword ...
I know the importance ... to the
divorce ... the Treasury from the banking institutions
It was certainly a great error in the framers of the Constitution not to have made ... the head of the Treasury Department entirely independent of the Executive ...
A decent and manly
examination of the acts of the Government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged ..."
warned of "class warfare":
"As long as
the love of power is a dominant passion of the human bosom
, and as long as
the understanding of men can be warped
and their affections changed
by operations upon their passions and prejudices
, so long will the liberties of a people depend on their constant attention to its preservation.
The danger to all well-established free governments
arises from the unwillingness of the people to believe in ...
the influence of designing men ...
This is the old trick of those who would
usurp the government
of their country. In the name of democracy they speak,
warning the people against the influence of wealth and the danger of aristocracy
... History, ancient and modern, is full of such examples.
Caesar became the master of the Roman people
and the senate
under the pretense
of supporting the
of the former
against the aristocracy
of the latter;
, in the character of the protector of the liberties of the people,
became the dictator of England
Bolivar possessed himself of unlimited power
with the title of his country's liberator ...
The tendencies of all such governments in their decline is to monarchy,
and the antagonist principle to liberty there is the spirit of faction -- a spirit which assumes the character and in times of great excitement imposes itself upon the people as the genuine spirit of freedom,
like the false Christs whose coming was foretold by the Savior
, seeks to, and were it possible would,
impose upon the true and most faithful disciples of liberty.
It is in periods like this that it behooves
the people to be most watchful of those to whom they have intrusted power
Britain's Lord Thomas MacCauley
Democrat election strategy
in a letter to New York's Democrat Secretary of State, Henry S. Randall, May 23, 1857:
"Institutions purely democratic must, sooner or later, destroy liberty, or civilization ... a ruinous load of taxation laid on the rich for the purpose of supporting the poor in idleness ...
You may think that your country enjoys an exemption from these evils ... I am of a very different opinion. Your fate I believe to be certain, though it is deferred ..."
"The time will come when ... distress everywhere makes the laborer mutinous and discontented, and inclines him to listen with eagerness to
who tell him that it is a monstrous iniquity that one man should have a million while another cannot get a full meal.
In bad years there is plenty of grumbling ... and sometimes a little
... Your Government will never be able to restrain a distressed and discontented majority ...
The day will come when, in the State of New York, a multitude of people, none of whom has had more than half a breakfast, or expects to have more than half a dinner, will choose a Legislature ...
On one side is a statesman preaching patience, respect for vested rights, strict observance of public faith.
On the other is a demagogue ranting about the tyranny of capitalists and usurers, and asking why anybody should be permitted to drink champagne and to ride in a carriage, while thousands of honest folks are in want of necessaries ..."
"Which of the two candidates is likely to be preferred by a working man who hears his children cry for more bread?
I seriously apprehend that you will, in some such season of adversity ... devour all the seed-corn, and thus make the next year, a year not of scarcity, but of absolute famine ...
When a society has entered on this downward progress, either civilization or liberty must perish. Either some
will seize the reins of government with a strong hand."
Britain's Lord Acton
"Self-preservation ... Everybody likes to get as much power as circumstances allow, and
nobody will vote for a self-denying ordinance."
British Prime Minister William Gladstone
is the greatest curse of the human race."
addressed the New York Press Club, September 9, 1912:
"The history of liberty is a history of the
limitation of governmental power,
not the increase of it."
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contrasted the "spirit of liberty" with the "spirit of party":
"There is at times much difficulty in distinguishing the false from the true spirit, a calm investigation will detect the counterfeit ...
The true spirit of liberty ... is mild and tolerant and scrupulous ...
the spirit of party
, assuming to be that of liberty,
is harsh, vindictive, and intolerant, and totally reckless
as to the character of the allies which it brings to the aid of its cause ...
... The reign of an intolerant
spirit of party
amongst a free people seldom fails to result in
dangerous accession to the Executive power introduced and established amidst unusual professions of devotion to democracy."
, warned in his Farewell Address, 1796, that politicians may betray their country to foreign nations in order to advance their political careers, while misleading public opinion to attack real patriots:
"Passionate attachment of one Nation for another produces a variety of evils ...
It gives to ambitious, corrupted, or deluded citizens ... facility to
or sacrifice the interests of their own country ... sometimes even with popularity ...
Such attachments are particularly alarming to the truly enlightened and independent Patriot.
How many opportunities do they afford to tamper with domestic factions, to practice the arts of seduction,
to mislead public opinion,
to influence or awe the public Councils! ...
Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, (I conjure you to
believe me fellow citizens) the jealously of a free people to be constantly awake ..."
concluded his warning:
who may resist the intrigues (secret plans) of the favorite (foreign nations),
are liable to become suspected and odious;
while its tools and dupes usurp the applause and confidence of the people, to surrender their interests."
reiterated the importance of religion:
"Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports ... Morality is a necessary spring of popular government ...Who that is a sincere friend to it can look with indifference upon attempts to shake the foundation?"
In closing his Inaugural Address,
William Henry Harrison
"I deem the present occasion sufficiently important and solemn to justify me in expressing to my fellow citizens
a profound reverence for the Christian religion,
and a thorough conviction that
sound morals, religious liberty, and a just sense of religious responsibility
are essentially connected with
all true and lasting happiness."
A similar sentiment of faith was expressed by
at the National Prayer Breakfast, February 8, 2018:
"Our founders invoked our Creator four times in the Declaration of Independence. Our currency declares, 'In God We Trust.'
And we place our hands on our hearts as we recite the Pledge of Allegiance and proclaim we are 'One Nation Under God.'
Our rights are not given to us by man; our rights come from our Creator. No matter what, no Earthly force can take those rights away ..."
"We love God. As the Bible tells us, for we are God's handiwork, created in Jesus Christ to do good works ...
As long as we open our eyes to God's grace and open our hearts to God's love, then America will forever be the land of the free, the home of the brave, and a light unto all nations."
President William Henry Harrison
concluded his Inaugural:
that good Being
who has blessed us by the gifts of
civil and religious freedom
... let us unite in fervently
commending every interest of our beloved country
in all future time."