ippecanoe and Tyler too" was the campaign slogan of
9th President William Henry Harrison
, born FEBRUARY 9, 1773.
Harrison was an aide-de-camp to General "Mad Anthony" Wayne, who defeated the British and Indians at
the Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794
Harrison was the hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811, and
the Battle of the Thames, 1813
, recovering Detroit from the British and their Indian allies led by Shawnee chief Tecumseh.
He was the son of
, signer the Declaration of Independence, and he was the grandfather of
, the 23rd President.
William Henry Harrison
Secretary of the Northwest Territory
, consisting of 260,000 square miles from which were formed the States of
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin
He was the Territory's first delegate to Congress and the Governor of the Indiana Territory in 1801.
William Henry Harrison
as President, only 31 days, after having given the
longest Inaugural address
, consisting of 8,445 words.
Written with the help of Daniel Webster, it took nearly two hours to deliver in the cold, wet weather in Washington, D.C.
Contracting pneumonia, and with little time to recuperate due to the demands of the office, Harrison, on April 4, 1841, became the first President to die in office.
, March 4, 1841,
President William Henry Harrison
gave serious warnings:
"The great danger to our institutions does ... appear to me to be ..
. the accumulation in one of the departments
of that which was assigned to others.
... Limited as are the powers which have been granted, still enough have been granted to constitute
a despotism if concentrated in one of the departments ... particularly ... the Executive
The tendency of power to increase itself,
exercised by a single individual ... would terminate in virtual monarchy
Harrison's warnings were echoed by other Presidents.
stated in his Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981:
"Government is not the solution to our problem
We've been tempted to believe ... that government by an elite group is superior to government for, by, and of the people ...
We are a nation that has a government -- not the other way around. And this makes us special among the nations of the Earth.
Our government has no power except that granted it by the people. It is time to check and reverse the growth of government, which shows signs of having grown beyond the consent of the governed ...
Our present troubles ... are proportionate to the intervention and intrusion in our lives that result from unnecessary and excessive growth of government."
President Donald J. Trump stated in his Inaugural Address, January 20, 2017:
"Today we are not merely transferring power from one Administration to another, or from one party to another -- but we are transferring power from Washington, D.C. and giving it back to you, THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ...
For too long, a small group in our nation's Capital has reaped the rewards of government while the people have borne the cost.
Washington flourished -- but the people did not share in its wealth. Politicians prospered -- but the jobs left, and the factories closed.
The establishment protected itself, but not the citizens ... That all changes - starting right here, and right now ...
The United States of America, is your country. What truly matters is not which party controls our government, but whether our government is controlled by THE PEOPLE."
William Henry Harrison continued his Inaugural warning, March 4, 1841:
"Republics can commit no greater error than to ... continue any feature in their ... government which may ...
increase the love of power in the bosoms
of those to whom necessity obliges them to commit the management of their affairs ...
once takes possession of the human mind, like the love of gold
it becomes insatiable
. It is the
in his bosom, grows with his growth and strengthens with the declining years of its victim."
President Harry S Truman wrote in a personal memorandum, April 16, 1950:
"There is a lure in power. It can get into a man's blood just as gambling and lust for money have been known to do."
Henry Adams, the great-grandson of John Adams, stated:
"Power is poison."
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President Harrison continued:
"It is the part of wisdom for a republic
to limit the service of that officer
... to whom she has intrusted the management of her foreign relations, the execution of her laws, and the command of her armies and navies
to a period so short as to prevent his forgetting that he is the accountable agent
, not the principle;
the servant, not the master ..."
The great dread
... seems to have been that
the reserved powers of the States would be absorbed by ... the Federal Government
and a consolidated power established,
leaving to the States the shadow only
of that independent action for which they had so zealously contended ...
There is still an undercurrent at work
by which, if not seasonably checked, the worst apprehensions of our anti-federal patriots will be realized ...
Not only will the State authorities be overshadowed by
the great increase of power in the Executive department
... but the character of that Government, if not its designation, be essentially and
... This state of things has been in part effected by ..
. the never-failing tendency of political power to increase itself."
Reagan reflected his sentiment in his Inaugural:
"It is my intention to curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment and to demand recognition of the distinction between the powers granted to the Federal Government and those reserved to the States or to the people.
All of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the States; the States created the Federal Government."
President Trump worded this view:
"January 20th 2017, will be remembered as the day THE PEOPLE became the rulers of this nation again."
continued his warning if the President controlled the Treasury:
"It is not by the extent of its patronage alone that
the Executive department has become dangerous
, but by the use which it appears may be made of the appointing power to bring under its control the whole revenues of the country ...
There was wanting no other addition to
the powers of our Chief Magistrate to stamp monarchical character
on our Government but the
control of the public finances
... The first Roman Emperor
, in his attempt to
seize the sacred treasure
, silenced the opposition of the officer to whose charge it had been committed by a significant allusion to his sword ...
I know the importance ... to the
divorce ... the Treasury from the banking institutions
It was certainly a great error in the framers of the Constitution not to have made ... the head of the Treasury Department entirely independent of the Executive ...
A decent and manly examination of the acts of the Government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged ..."
Harrison warned there would be "class warfare":
"As long as
the love of power is a dominant passion of the human bosom
, and as long as
the understanding of men can be warped
and their affections changed
by operations upon their passions and prejudices
, so long will the liberties of a people depend on their constant attention to its preservation.
The danger to all well-established free governments
arises from the unwillingness of the people to believe in ...
the influence of designing men ...
This is the old trick of those who would
usurp the government
of their country. In the name of democracy they speak,
warning the people against the influence of wealth and the danger of aristocracy
... History, ancient and modern, is full of such examples.
Caesar became the master of the Roman people
and the senate
under the pretense
of supporting the
of the former
against the aristocracy
of the latter;
, in the character of the protector of the liberties of the people,
became the dictator of England
Bolivar possessed himself of unlimited power
with the title of his country's liberator ...
The tendencies of all such governments in their decline is to monarchy,
and the antagonist principle to liberty there is the spirit of faction -- a spirit which assumes the character and in times of great excitement imposes itself upon the people as the genuine spirit of freedom,
like the false Christs whose coming was foretold by the Savior
, seeks to, and were it possible would,
impose upon the true and most faithful disciples of liberty.
It is in periods like this that it behooves
the people to be most watchful of those to whom they have intrusted power
This is insight was stated by
Senator Daniel Webster
, May 27, 1834:
"The contest, for ages, has been to rescue liberty from the grasp of executive power."
addressed the New York Press Club, September 9, 1912:
"The history of liberty is a history of the limitation of governmental power, not the increase of it."
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contrasted the "spirit of liberty" with the "spirit of party":
"There is at times much difficulty in distinguishing the false from the true spirit, a calm investigation will detect the counterfeit ...
The true spirit of liberty ... is mild and tolerant and scrupulous ...
the spirit of party
, assuming to be that of liberty,
is harsh, vindictive, and intolerant, and totally reckless
as to the character of the allies which it brings to the aid of its cause ...
... The reign of an intolerant
spirit of party
amongst a free people seldom fails to result in
a dangerous accession to the Executive power
established amidst unusual professions of devotion to democracy
Harrison concluded his Inaugural Address by stating:
"I deem the present occasion sufficiently important and solemn to justify me in expressing to my fellow citizens
a profound reverence for the Christian religion,
and a thorough conviction that
sound morals, religious liberty, and a just sense of religious responsibility
are essentially connected with
all true and lasting happiness.
that good Being
who has blessed us by the gifts of
civil and religious freedom
... let us unite in fervently commending
every interest of our beloved country in all future time