App providers and developers are in the hot seat again. On the same day that the FTC fined the social networking app Path $800,000 over allegations that it collected personal information without obtaining consumers' consent, the FTC released a report outlining privacy guidelines for mobile platform providers, application developers, and advertising networks (the "Report"). Explaining the Commission's increased attention to this area, the outgoing FTC Commissioner described the current state of rules and practices in the mobile space as a sort of "Wild West." Cautioning that the Commission will "closely monitor developments in this space", the FTC "strongly" encouraged companies in the mobile ecosystem to work expeditiously to implement the recommendations in the Report. The guidance focuses on how mobile app players should improve their disclosures to ensure that users understand how their personal data will be collected and used.
While the FTC guidelines are directed to all players in the mobile arena, the Report emphasizes that platform providers (such as Amazon, Apple, Blackberry, Google, and Microsoft), are "the gatekeepers to the app marketplace", and thus have the greatest ability to effect improvements to mobile privacy disclosure. The Report suggests that platform providers and developers build in privacy protection at every stage in developing their products, provide consumers with choices related to privacy at the relevant time and in the relevant context, and disclose details about their collection and use of consumers' information.
Among the specific recommendations, the Report suggests that platform providers consider "offering a Do Not Track (DNT) mechanism for smartphone users," and that they create a "dashboard" for consumers. The dashboard feature would allow users to see the content being accessed by the apps they have downloaded. The Report also urges platforms providers to develop icons to be displayed when user data is transmitted, and to provide "just-in-time disclosures" to consumers, which would require consumers to provide express consent before an app accesses potentially sensitive information. To the extent that the platform providers do not obtain user consent before accessing sensitive user information, the Report encourages app developers to do so.
The Report recommends that advertising networks and other third parties communicate with app developers to help them provide accurate disclosures, and assist platform providers so that they can provide effective implementation of DNT mechanisms for mobile devices.
Although the Report is not binding, it is an indication of how seriously the agency is focused on mobile privacy. While following the guidelines may not immunize a company from liability, it provides a road map of what kinds of activities might render it the target of an investigation - such as, for example, conveying the impression that an app gathers geolocation data only once, when, in truth, it does so repeatedly.
The FTC also posted on its Bureau of Consumer Protection Business Center website new data security guidance for mobile apps developers. This security guidance advises developers to implement "reasonable data security" in the development stage of an app and offers a checklist of measures that developers should consider to ensure the privacy and security of their users' data.
The full Report can be viewed here.