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Worth Saving
The Newsletter of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office 
September 2016
The Grandy School was constructed in 1908 in the unincorporated community of Grandy, Currituck County, and listed in the National Register in 1998. It is among the oldest surviving schools whose design came from the 1903 "Plan Book No.1," prepared by Raleigh Architects Charles Barrett and Frank K. Thompson for the State Superintendent of Public Instruction as a means to provide modern school designs to school committees throughout the state at a low cost. 
ADeputy Message From North Carolina's  Deputy SHPO   

Dilapidated.   Eyesore.  Blighted.   Nuisance.   Rattrap.   Abandoned.   Haunted.  Worthless.
In our office and in our work, we frequently hear those terms used to describe historic buildings that have suffered neglect and lack of care.
But in an earlier chapter of their existence, those same buildings were beloved community landmarks, where all manner of memories were made.   The first haircut.  The purchase of a first fancy dress.  The school graduation.   The wedding.    That summer ice cream stop.   The hospital where you were born.    
A lot of us believe that when we lose those buildings, we lose a little of ourselves and our community's shared heritage.
Our office has the official privilege to help all North Carolinians in preserving for today and future generations those historic places that hold so many memories.    We are marking in 2016 the fiftieth anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act that set up a state-federal partnership for the national preservation program, including the National Register of Historic Places, State Historic Preservation Offices across the country, and an accountability program for federal agencies in how they deal with historic places as we pursue progress.   Later amendments to that law created the Certified Local Government Program, encouraging a federally-rewarded role for historic preservation in local communities through local preservation commissions.  Other federal and state laws further incentivized historic preservation throughout the country with the creation of historic tax credits for rehabilitation of National Register-listed buildings; in North Carolina, for example, that has meant the reinvention of our legacy manufacturing buildings into new centers of commerce and progress.
Backed up with engagement, action, and investment, we need you to help us gradually replace those negative words found at the beginning of this column with words that accurate reflect our historic North Carolina places:  

Authentic.  Appealing.   Meaningful.   Valuable.   Exceptional.   Respected.  Valued.   Worthy.
Thank you for helping to preserve our State's history in your community.   Let us know how we can help you. 
Ramona Bartos
Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer
September 6, 2016
recentRecent National Register Listings

Hanes Hosiery Mill, Ivy Avenue Plant , Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, listed 5/31/2016, prepared by S. Townes Stewart.
The Hanes Hosiery Mill Company opened its Ivy Avenue plant in 1925 and by 1929, the factory was operating 1,300 knitting machines and producing 100,000 pairs of circular knit hose a day, making it the third-largest hosiery mill and the largest producer of women's seamless stockings in the state. Hanes Hosiery helped create a national market for women's seamless stockings in the mid-twentieth century, developing new knitting techniques and technologies that improved the appearance of circular-knit hosiery and launching a national advertising campaign. Over time, the Ivy Avenue plant was expanded five times, and the separate three-story 1939 Finishing Mill was designed by the international architectural firm of Albert Kahn, Inc. The textile mill complex is an excellent, intact example of early- to mid-twentieth-century industrial construction and reflects the evolution of heavy timber and structural metal industrial design trends in the United States through the 1950s. 
Davidson Elementary School , Kings Mountain, Cleveland County, listed 5/18/2016, prepared by D. Foard Hood
Davidson Elementary School is locally significant as a under Criterion A for education and black ethnic heritage. Cherryville, North Carolina, architect James Lorn Beam Jr. designed the one story, six-classroom mid-century modern school in 1953 and Frank Dewey McCall and Company of Drexel, North Carolina, constructed it in 1953-1954. The school was used as a primary and elementary school for African American students from the 1954 to 1968, after which desegregation allowed black students in Kings Mountain to attend a formerly all-white school. Davidson Elementary School is the last built and last remaining of three school buildings constructed in Kings Mountain for black public education.
Pleasant Plains School , Pleasant Plains, Hertford County, listed 5/17/2016, prepared by M. Jones and J. Braswell
Built in 1920, Pleasant Plains School was the second Rosenwald Fund-assisted school built in Hertford County. The school is significant under Criterion A for its local educational importance as the only graded public school that served both local African American and Native American students in the Pleasant Plains community near Winton from 1920 to 1950. The frame one-story, T-shaped, three-classroom school is also locally significant under criterion C as a representative example of early twentieth-century rural school design.
Nathaniel Jones Jr. House , Raleigh, Wake County, listed 5/10/2016, prepared by C. de Miranda 
The Nathaniel Jones Jr. House is locally significant under criterion C as an early Federal-style plantation house with a Greek Revival-style rear addition.  To save the house from destruction, it was moved a short distance and still stands on property historically owned by the Jones family.  The ca. 1809-1812 two-story house is noteworthy for its hall-parlor plan, flanking one-story side-gable wings, and large rear stair hall added during the construction of the main house. In ca. 1835-1844, a Greek Revival-style two-story rear addition with single large room on each story added substantial space to an already commodious house. The house features upright proportions, a symmetrical façade, molded weatherboards, and classical architraves and modillions, as well as paneled doors and wainscoting on the interior and a decorative painted mantelpiece.  
Western Electric Company - Tarheel Army Missile Plant , Burlington, Alamance County, listed 5/02/2016, prepared by H. Fearnbach
The Western Electric Company - Tarheel Army Missile Plant is historically important for the military-related manufacturing, product development and testing operations that took place there between 1942 and 1966.  Twin-engine laminated-plywood test airplanes and later ordnance were produced at the plant during World War II. Western Electric Company then leased the plant from 1946 until 1991 and developed and manufactured sophisticated communications equipment and weapons including Nike missile guidance and anti-aircraft apparatus. The plant employed up to 4,500 workers when operating at full capacity.  A number of buildings at the plant are important for their architectural design, in particular the step-roofed Buildings 13 and 16 dating from the 1950s, which housed assembly space as well as rooftop radar systems testing areas, and several buildings designed by Albert Kahn.
Fountain Historic District , Fountain, Pitt County, listed 5/1/2016, prepared by H. Slane and S. Townes Stewart
Comprising portions of twenty-two city blocks, the Fountain Historic District encompasses approximately 113 contributing primary buildings in Fountain's core downtown commercial district and surrounding residential areas. The district meets Criterion A for transportation and commerce, as well as Criterion C for architecture.  Due to its location along the East Carolina Railway, Fountain became a commercial hub for local tobacco farmers and loggers.  The arrival of the railway fueled growth in Fountain from ca. 1900 to 1963, when the railroad line was discontinued. The architecture of the Fountain Historic District is indicative of the town's status as a farming community.  Contributing buildings include houses, churches, commercial buildings and warehouses. The district's architecture consists of popular architectural styles of the day, including Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, Craftsman, Minimal Traditional, and Ranch houses and early twentieth-century corbelled-brick commercial buildings, mid-century streamlined commercial buildings, and warehouses.
New Bern Historic District Boundary Increase II , New Bern, Craven County, listed 1/5/2016, prepared by M.R. Little
The New Bern Historic District Boundary Increase II adds a significant African American residential area and cemetery to the existing New Bern Historic District (NR 1973) and boundary increase of 2003. The new increase area consists of some 24 residential blocks in the area known since the early 1800s as Dryborough plus the adjoining Greenwood Cemetery. The area is significant for its ethnic heritage and social history as part of New Bern's largest and most important historic black neighborhood. It is also significant for its streetscapes of modest owner-occupied and rental houses built after the Great Fire of 1922 and for the final phase of growth that occurred after World War II when families built homes on the empty lots. The area's period of significance extends from 1856, the date of earliest interment in Greenwood Cemetery, to 1965, coinciding with the end of neighborhood development as well as the end of legal Jim Crow segregation.

Rehabilitation Highlightshighlights

Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, Swift and Company Building
Wholesale grocers Swift and Company constructed the building in 1918, expanded it in 1945, and remained in operation until 1976. Krankies Coffee, a café, art gallery, and entertainment venue, opened in 2003 and upgraded their facilities in 2015, when three apartments also were added upstairs. This recent project in the Winston-Salem Tobacco Historic District  was spurred by the use of the federal income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $747,000.
Swift and Company Building, before and after rehabilitation

McDowell County, Marion, Carson-Young House
The Carson-Young property is an intact collection of a rare, mid-nineteenth century Greek-Revival-influenced house, a barn, and a brick schoolhouse. The house was rehabilitated 2010-2015 for rental residential use. This project was spurred by the use of the federal income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $155,000.
Carson-Young House, before and after rehabilitation

Durham County, Durham, 108 Morris Street
The ca. 1907 two-story commercial building in the Downtown Durham Historic District  was rehabilitated in 2014 for commercial office space with a rooftop deck addition. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $850,000.
108 Morris Street, before and after rehabilitation

Durham County, Durham, Sidney Webster House           
The ca. 1940 Sidney Webster House in the East Durham Historic District was converted into a duplex by 1950 and is now a single-family home again. This 2014-2015 rental residential project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $80,000.

Sidney Webster House, before and after rehabilitation

Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Factories 90 and 91
Wexford Science and Technology has redeveloped former R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Factories 90 and 91 in the Winston Salem Tobacco Historic District into a world-class research and innovation center consisting of office, retail, educational, technology, and state-of-the-art laboratory space. Tenants include the Wake Forest School of Medicine and Baptist Medical Center, the corporate headquarters for Inmar, Inc., Forsyth Technical Community College, a branch of the YMCA, and numerous private companies. Spurred by the use of the federal historic and state mill income-producing historic tax credits, this 2010-2015 project is the largest rehabilitation tax credit project in North Carolina to date with a total investment of $220.4 million.
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Factories 90 and 91, before and after rehabilitation

Hyde County, Ocracoke, Emma and Simon O'Neal House            
The ca. 1900 Emma and Simon O'Neal House in the Ocracoke Historic District was elevated above the flood plain as part of the 2014-2015 rehabilitation. Now a single-family rental residence, this project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $275,000.
Emma and Simon O'Neal House, before and after rehabilitation

Surry County, Mount Airy, Worth-Hollingsworth House
Originally constructed ca. 1873, the Worth-Hollingsworth House was extensively renovated in the mid-1920s as a Craftsman bungalow style. This 2014-2015 single-family rental residential project in the Mount Airy Historic District was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $191,000.
Worth-Hollingsworth House, before and after rehabilitation

National Park Service Turns 100!parks

August 25, 2016, marked the 100 th anniversary of the establishment of the National Park Service.  Find out how to join in the celebration at .
Remembering Rosenwald Schoolsschools

As we head into a new school year, let us remember the history of Rosenwald Schools. During the early twentieth century, African American activist and educator, Booker T. Washington and businessman and philanthropist Julius Rosenwald organized a matching grant program that would allow poor southern African American communities to build schools, giving their children a chance for a proper education.  While they were built from Maryland to Texas, North Carolina had the largest collection of Rosenwald Schools. Read the full article here.
The 10,000 Barns of Madison Countymadison

One of the Thousands of Barns of Madison County
There is no shortage of historic barns in Madison County and the Appalachian Barn Alliance is dedicated to documenting and preserving their history.  Taylor Barnhill, the researcher for the Appalachian Barn Alliance, is conducting a survey of barns in in Madison County and estimates that the total number of barns in the area is anywhere between 10,000 to 17,000. The agricultural history of Madison County can be seen through the evolution of barn types, with the earliest surviving one from the early 1800s. Through documenting the barns and recording the histories of their uses, the Appalachian Barn Alliance hopes to foster an awareness and appreciation for these agricultural resources that are vital to the identity of Madison County.  Click here  t o read the full article.
PNC and NC HPO Encourage Whiteville to Consider Rehabilitation of City Hallwhiteville

Whiteville City Hall, former Post Office.
A group of residents in City of Whiteville are dedicated to saving the 1938 City Hall.  Formerly a post office, the City Hall building has been vacant for the past year due to a mold problem in the basement.  The City is considering various options for the vacant building, including rehabilitation and demolition.  Cathleen Turner of Preservation North Carolina and Jeff Adolphsen of the NC Historic Preservation Office gave a presentation at the Whiteville City Council Meeting encouraging the councilmembers to look into mold remediation and rehabilitation of the building. Read the full article here .
Artifacts Found on Roanoke Island Could Have Ties to the Lost Colonylost

Shards of nineteenth-century pottery found by archaeologists at a site on Roanoke Island may have a link to the Sir Walter Raleigh's lost colony. These shards are thought to have been parts of medicine or ointment jars. Read the full article here .
Open Orange Website Allows Users to Record Historyorange

Gary Kueber and a team of developers have launched a website called Open Orange in hopes of creating an inventory of resources in Orange County, North Carolina.  As a crowdsourcing site, it allows users to add content about Orange County's resources and history.  Open Orange follows on the heels of Kueber's award winning site Open Durham, which he turned over to Preservation Durham earlier this year. The site is off to a good start with hundreds of properties already entered on Open Orange. Join the effort by visiting
The Tar River Center for History and Culture Announces 2016-17 Lecture Seriestarriver

The Tar River Center for History and Culture has announced the lineup for its 2016-2017 lecture series, Historic Preservation: Building Community and Enhancing Prosperity. Beginning Friday, September 16, there will be four different events and a total of six speakers, including Liz Parham, Director of the North Carolina Main Street Center; J. Myrick Howard, President of Preservation North Carolina; and Catherine Bishir, Curator of Architecture at the Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries.  Please visit this link to learn more. 
Saving the Past in Wilmingtonwilmington

A husband-and-wife team, two nonprofit organizations, and an architectural salvage business are among the numerous individuals and groups striving to preserve Wilmington's historic architecture. To read the full article, click here.
On Penn's Campus, a New-Old Building Isn'tpenns Preservation
As We Know It

Perry World House
Perry World House, a newly renovated research institute at the University of Pennsylvania's campus, is a controversial approach to a rehabilitation project.  New York architect  David Piscuskas has renovated a 19th-century workers' cottage, designed by influential Philadelphia architect Samuel Sloan and the oldest building on campus.  In this renovation, half of the house remains, including a two story polygonal bay, and the other half was demolished to make way for a large two-story minimalist limestone addition to the side and rear of the building. When asked to comment on the renovation, Scott Power of NC HPO said, "Interesting new building!  Interesting old building!  NOT an interesting combination." See what you think. Click here.
New HPO Hire: National Register and Surveyhannah Specialist
Hannah Beckman

National Register and Survey Specialist Hannah Beckman
Hannah Beckman has joined the HPO staff as our National Register and Survey Specialist.  Hannah holds a bachelor's degree in Historic Preservation from the University Mary Washington. She has spent the last several years working at Clinton Brown Company Architecture (CBCA) in Buffalo, New York, focusing on survey projects and National Register nominations.  At the HPO, she will be reviewing National Register nominations and survey projects across the state, assisting the public in her eighteen-county area (running from Alamance County to Brunswick County), assisting with GIS mapping, and creating this monthly newsletter. We welcome Hannah to our office and to the State of North Carolina!
For Your Entertainment and Edification  . . .entertainment

--Read about Fordlandia, Henry Ford's failed utopian society in Brazil. Click here.
--How well do you know architecture? Click here and take the quiz.
--Would you believe an elephant-shaped hotel once stood in Coney Island? See here.
--Watch this 125-year-old Bay City, Michigan, building be transformed with the removal of a mid-century slip cover. click here .
Events, Awards, and Grants   events

For statewide events lists, visit the HPO Facebook events list , Preservation North Carolina events list , or the September 2016 conference and workshop lists found on pages 11 and 13, courtesy of the Federation of NC Historical Societies.
September 28-30 Preservation North Carolina is holding its 2016 Annual Conference in Greensboro with keynote speakers Dr. Spencer Crew and Dr. Allan Parnell. To learn more click here .
September 28-October 1 2016 Annual Southeast Chapter of the Society of Architectural Historians (SESAH) Conference, New Orleans, LA. For more information go to this website.
October 7-9 2016 Charleston Heritage Symposium, "Family Collections and Inspiring Connections," Charleston, SC.  This year's symposium will feature national and international decorative arts specialists and will examine some of the family collections and various English, West Indies, and Colonial connections that inspired Charleston life, artisans, and architecture. The Duke of Devonshire, Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, will be the Keynote Speaker. Visit to learn more and register. 
October 12-13 Best practices in Cemeteries Workshop held by Recreation Resources Services and Raleigh Parks, Recreation and Cultural Resources. More information available here .
October 13 NC National Register Advisory Committee Meeting, 10 AM, 109 E. Jones St., Raleigh.  Open to the public.  For more information, contact Ann Swallow by phone at 919-807-6587 or by email at
October 15-16 Open Village Weekend at Loray Mill Village, Gastonia.  Join Preservation North Carolina in their efforts to save properties in the National Register-listed Loray Mill Village.  Events will include the first tours of renovated homes for sale, a Hog & Hops Block Party, speakers, music and more!  For more information, visit this site.
October 26-29 Southeastern Archaeological Conference annual meeting in Athens, GA. More information available here.
October 30-November 16 Association for Preservation Technology (APT) Conference, "Preserving Heritage with Tomorrow's Technology," San Antonio, TX.   Details about the conference and registration information can be found on  this website .
November 15-18 PastForward 2016, the National Trust Annual Conference is being held in Houston, TX. For more information and to register visit .
April 19-22, 2017  National Council on Public History Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN. To learn more, visit .
Civil Rights Grant The National Parks Service is offering new Civil Rights grants for projects which aim to preserve and highlight the sites and stories related to the African American struggle for equality in the 20th Century. Applications must be submitted by 11:59 pm EDT Friday, October 14, 2016. For more information visit
National Trust offers grants to Main Street towns through its Historic Properties Redevelopment Program. Click here to learn more.
National Council on Public History Accepting Award Nominations The National Council on Public History offers a variety of awards including outstanding project, new professional, consulting excellence, and a book award. Deadlines are November 1, and December 1. More information and submission deadlines are available at . Questions? 317-274-2716 or
Please send any comments or suggestions to Hannah Beckman at Please forward this newsletter to others who might be interested in the information.

Archived issues are on our website .    
The activity that is the subject of this publication has been financed in part with federal funds from the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Department of the Interior, and administered by the NC HPO. However, the contents and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of NPS or NC HPO. This program receives federal financial assistance for identification and protection of historic properties. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, the U. S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability or age in its federally assisted programs. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility as described above, or if you desire further information please write to: Office of Equal Opportunity, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, N.W., Washington DC  20240.
North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office
Division of Historical Resources | Office of Archives and History
North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources