"Helping You Navigate the Course to Financial Freedom"
 February 2017

def. American Heritage Dictionary

1. To cut with a narrow, two-person crosscut saw.
2. To cause to move or alternate rapidly in contrasting directions.
3. In card games, especially poker, for two players to raise and re-raise with one or more players in between, each of which must call the raises in order to stay in the game.
4. To defeat or best someone in two ways at once.

A recurring theme you've heard from me is that stocks take their longer-term cues from what's happening to corporate profits and expectations of corporate profits, how the economy is expected to perform (which support profits), and what's happening to interest rates.
But shorter term, any number of events or issues can creep over the horizon and create distractions. Things like Brexit, the Greek debt crisis, and even our presidential election come to mind as more recent examples. While in the moment, it's difficult to parse out the noise from information or trends that really matter. But over time the picture tends to get clearer and we can incorporate this new information into our decision-making process.
(Before I go on, let me say that while the current political discourse has been unusually bitter, I really believe that our differences as Americans are dwarfed by what unifies us.   I am an optimist at heart.)
That said, I recognize the obvious-President Donald Trump is a controversial figure that elicits a myriad of opinions from Americans.  And his tendency to shoot first and ask questions later has led many of us to feel whipsawed, in every sense of the word.
Injecting politics into any commentary has risks. We all have different viewpoints and filters and what's said can be innocently misinterpreted. But it goes without saying that his actions and policies can have a tremendous impact on investors, and I write with that thought in mind.

In This Issue

New Newsletter Format Coming Soon!

As mobile phones and social media become ever more important in the sharing of information, we will be updating our Newsletter format to incorporate some exciting new details, including video, customized links to subjects of interest to you, as well as our own content.

We look forward to continuing to meet you "where you are", and hope you'll enjoy the new format, coming soon!

My goal is not to praise or criticize Trump's policies, only to view them through the narrow prism of the market, whether favorable or unfavorable. So let's begin.
Following his win, expectations of corporate and individual tax reform were among several policy prescriptions that fueled market gains in late 2016.
In addition, regulatory reform and higher defense spending are expected to receive a warm reception from a sympathetic Congress. While Republicans have historically turned a cold shoulder to higher domestic spending, investors are still betting on some type of increase in infrastructure outlays.
Yet, we also have an administration that has railed against globalism and has shunned large, multilateral trade deals.
Markets like lower taxes and fiscal stimulus; they cast a wary eye on isolationism and protectionism, fearing the prospect of a damaging trade war.
As a result, early market optimism has turned more cautious. For one thing, little moves quickly through the halls of Congress. Competing interests seem determined, for example, to slow down corporate tax reform, in itself a complex endeavor that may result in unintended (and unwanted) consequences. As we've seen, Executive Orders can be a sloppy and confusing policy tool. And Trump, who ran as a very unconventional candidate, seems unlikely to shed his unorthodox ways.
I recognize his "get it done at any cost" style appeals to some folks, but his more controversial initiatives and backtracking tendencies have created some uneasiness among investors. In addition, there are concerns his pro-growth initiatives could get bogged down, either by Congress or by policy distractions.
I suspect we'll eventually see some action on his major initiatives, including tax reform. We may even see some sort of organized infrastructure spending. Still, patience will be needed as this very political process plays out.
Meanwhile, themes that have supported U.S. shares during the long-running bull market remain in place. Economic growth has yet to abate and there are few signs from leading indicators that it will stall. Corporate profits are rising (Thomson Reuters). And for now, the Fed maintains that any series of rate hikes are expected to occur gradually.
I remain cautiously optimistic about both the direction of the stock market and interest rates in general. I do not, however, delude myself into thinking the path to higher returns will be smooth (it will not be) and without controversy. But it's important to remember that despite the back and forth of the whipsaw, it eventually gets the job done.
Table 1: Key Index Returns - January 2017
3-year* %
Dow Jones Industrial Average
NASDAQ Composite
S&P 500 Index
Russell 2000 Index
MSCI World ex-USA**
MSCI Emerging Markets**
Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond TR
Source: Wall Street Journal, MSCI.com, Morningstar
MTD returns: Dec. 30, 2016-Jan. 31, 2017
YTD returns: Dec. 30, 2016-Jan. 31, 2017
**in US dollars



Retirement Income Planning

How to Optimize Retirement Income
As adults, we know the importance of saving for retirement. The concept is really easy. Just set up an automatic withdrawal from each month's paycheck and direct it into a retirement account. What becomes trickier is the amount we should be saving and how we should best invest it.
Perhaps even trickier is the question of what happens once we enter retirement? We've been saving money our entire lives. How do we figure out how to spend it? In theory, we know what's needed-rely on a combination of personal savings, Social Security, and if we have one, a pension.
Put another way, we move from a period defined by retirement planning to one concerned with retirement income planning.
Over the years, we've had many clients reach out to us as they recognize that the seemingly simple concept of relying on savings really isn't so simple.
At this juncture, I could stuff this newsletter with facts and statistics and what-if scenarios, overwhelming both the capacity of this newsletter and your ability to absorb it all!
Instead, I want to provide a high-level overview of two key components of retirement income planning.
(But let me emphasize-I would be delighted to answer any specific questions you may have. I am simply an email or phone call away).
Two key aspects 
A survey a few years ago by the American Institute of CPAs revealed that two prime retirement income planning concerns are (1) running out of money and (2) how to more efficiently and effectively tap into assets.
That shouldn't be a surprise. "How much money do I have to live on each month?" is a common question. And, "Which accounts and in what amounts should I pull funds from?" comes up often.
Let's start with the first question. Sources of income during retirement may include Social Security, assets, earnings from part-time work, earnings from an annuity, and a pension.
Social Security, a pension, and the annuity are reasonably stable. And Social Security adjusts for inflation (for the most part). However, Social Security is not enough for most people to live on, and a lifetime of savings plays a key role in filling that gap.
Some of you are in a position to live off interest and dividends, only withdrawing principal for special needs. Many, however, must rely on carefully meting out and using much of their lifetime savings.
One approach is to employ what's called a "sustainable withdrawal rate." One common method is called the 4% rule, which some of you may have heard of.
Simply stated: Withdraw 4% each year from your savings, an amount you may decide to keep constant or increase to keep pace with inflation.
This was once a helpful rule of thumb, but low interest rates have made it less than ideal for today's retirees.
Let's look at another scenario. We can always increase the annual withdrawal rate, taking out what we need; however, if we raise it too high, there is the risk of running low or running completely out of savings.
Instead, a withdrawal rate should be based on your time horizon, asset allocation, flexibility (to turn spending on and off) and confidence level.
Questions we should consider include:
  1. How many years do you want to plan for?
  2. What asset mix (how much risk) are you comfortable with?
  3. What level of confidence do you want to have that your money will last?
A lower withdrawal rate will increase the odds the portfolio will last through your retirement years- that's intuitive. But it also means less discretionary income to spend in retirement.
This dilemma also illustrates the need to keep an eye on capital appreciation, especially in today's low-rate environment. It's why I'm likely to recommend that even in retirement your portfolio includes at least some mix of stocks.
Of course, flexibility and ongoing monitoring are critical. This isn't a "set and forget" situation. Adjustments can be made based on your personal situation. So, it's important we monitor and modify as necessary. And finally, you want to try to maximize your Social Security strategy, especially if you're married. A combination of delaying Social Security for one spouse while collecting earlier for the other can often maximize the funds available to a couple through the program.
Let's move to the next question-withdrawal order. Which accounts should you tap first if your goal is to maximize spending during your lifetime?
  1. Let's start with the required minimum distribution from tax-deferred accounts such as IRAs. At 70 ½ years old, the IRS requires that you take a minimum distribution each year. Miss it and you'll pay a big penalty. So this is a must. 
  1. Taxable (or tax-free) interest, dividends, and capital gains distributions may be the next best source of income.
If additional funds are needed, your anticipated future tax bracket comes into play. Let me explain.
If we expect a higher marginal tax bracket in the future, withdrawing from the traditional IRA today may be the most advantageous choice. But be careful the distribution doesn't push you into a higher tax bracket in the year you take it.
If you anticipate a lower tax bracket down the road, a Roth IRA may be the best option for today's income needs. If cash is still needed or desired, then look to a traditional IRA (outside of your RMD).
However, there is one big advantage to leaving the Roth alone. You continue to take advantage of the tax-free umbrella the Roth provides. Or, you can hold on to the Roth for those inevitable unexpected expenses.

Moreover, the Roth can be used as an estate planning vehicle because heirs may be able to sidestep federal taxes when withdrawing from it.  That's why I always recommend some sort of Roth savings for my younger clients (there's an income limit for contributing to Roth IRAs).  And contributing to a Roth 401(k) is almost always a no-brainer.
These are just a couple of ideas designed to provide you with the proper framework as you enter or gear up for retirement. It is a broad overview that's designed to shed light on a situation that's unfamiliar to many retirees.
Each situation is unique, which means there are many other aspects of retirement income planning that could be useful for your specific situation.
My door is always open
As I have stressed, I'm always happy to answer any questions or provide a more comprehensive review tailored to your needs.  But as always, when it comes to tax matters, consult with your own tax advisor.

Securities and advisory services offered through The Strategic Financial Alliance, Inc. (SFA), Member FINRA, SIPC. Supervising office at 678-954-4000. Financial planning offered by Compass Wealth Management LLC. Leslie Beck and Martin Siesta are registered representatives and investment advisor representatives of SFA, which is otherwise unaffiliated with Compass Wealth Management. Investing involves risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values. Please note that individual situations can vary.  Therefore, the information presented here should only be relied upon when coordinated with individual professional advice.  For more information visit www.compasswealthmanagement.net