Six thousands years of humans writing down history reveal the most common form of government has been a monarchy.
The most powerful monarchy the world had ever seen was the British monarchy.
at it zenith controlled 13 million square miles - almost a quarter of the Earth's land, and nearly half billion people - one-fifth of the world's population.
, the most important vote was that of the King.
America separated from Britain in the Revolutionary War and set up State and Federal governments which were controlled by
the vote of citizens
Soon other countries followed suited and rejected their monarchies, replacing them with elected representative governments called
During the Civil War, Republican President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This was followed by the Republican controlled Congress pushing through the:
13th Amendment ending slavery;
14th Amendment giving rights to freed slaves; and
15th Amendment assuring that freed slaves had the right to vote.
The momentum of the anti-slavery movement was channeled into
the women's suffrage movement
to allow women to vote
the temperance movement to prohibit alcohol.
In the late 1800s, the women's suffrage movement spread to many countries, including Sweden, Finland, Britain, New Zealand, Australia.
In America, after World War I,
men voted for women to vote
with the passage of the 19th Amendment, AUGUST 26, 1920:
"The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."
A leader in the women's suffrage movement was
Susan B. Anthony.
President Gerald Ford praised her, February 13, 1976:
Susan B. Anthony
... with other dedicated women ... took the cause of women's suffrage to State capitals across our growing Nation ...
The irreversible change she wrought ... led to the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment."
Susan B. Anthony
also fought to prohibit alcohol, stating in her address to the Daughters of Temperance, March 1, 1849:
"Ladies! There is no Neutral position for us ... If we sustain not this noble enterprise ... then is our influence on the side of Intemperance.
If we say we love the Cause and then sit down at our ease, surely does our action speak the lie.
And now permit me once more to beg of you to lend your aid to this great Cause, the Cause of God and all Mankind."
Women's suffrage leader
Julia Ward Howe
was the first woman member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
The Battle Hymn of the Republic
, stating in the 3rd verse:
"I have read a fiery gospel
writ in burnished rows of steel;
'As ye deal with my contemners,
so with you my grace shall deal;
LET THE HERO, BORN OF WOMAN,
crush the serpent with his heel,
Since God is marching on."
Get the book America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations
After World War II, emerging nations, recovering from war and post-colonial countries,
allowed women to vote
some Islamic countries allowed women the right to vote
A woman's right to vote is still limited in nations practicing Islamic Sharia Law, such as Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Brunei and ISIS controlled areas of Iraq and Syria.
The increase in the number of people voting gave rise to an increase in the ways to sway voters, including:
-manipulation of public opinion;
-media ridicule of strong candidates;
-dividing opposing party's voter base;
-agent provocateurs to agitate riots;
-"Black Panther-type" intimidation at polls;
-government entitlement handouts;
-voting multiple times;
-street money; and
-planned "October Surprise" crises.
George Orwell wrote in "Politics vs. Literature: An Examination of Gulliver's Travels" (
Polemic: September/October 1946):
"In a Society in which there is no law ... the only arbiter of behavior is public opinion.
But public opinion, because of the tremendous urge to conformity in gregarious animals, is less tolerant than any system of law.
When human beings are governed by 'thou shalt not,' the individual can practice a certain amount of eccentricity: when they are supposedly governed by 'love' or 'reason,' he is under continuous pressure to make him behave and think in exactly the same way as everyone else."
George Orwell wrote in Nineteen Eighty-Four: "Power is in inflicting pain and humiliation."
German sociologist Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann described a "spiral of silence."
In a controlled experiment, it was found that individuals denied their privately held values in order to conform to perceived publicly held values, thus avoiding "a negative social judgment."
Chuck Colson commented on this in his BreakPoint commentary, Nov. 2, 2011, "Breaking the Spiral of Silence":
"Simply stated, out of a desire to avoid reprisal or isolation, people go along with what they think is the popular opinion - even if they object to that opinion personally. Instead of voicing their objections, they remain silent."
The Washington Post article "Mass surveillance silences minority opinions according to study," by Karen Turner, March 28, 2016, revealed:
"A new study shows that knowledge of government surveillance causes people to self-censor their dissenting opinions online ...
The study, published in Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, studied the effects of subtle reminders of mass surveillance on its subjects ...
Participants reacted by suppressing opinions that they perceived to be in the minority ...
The 'spiral of silence' is a well-researched phenomenon in which people suppress unpopular opinions to fit in and avoid social isolation."
In addition to developing manipulative methods to "sway" votes, methods developed to manipulate the "counting" of votes.
is attributed with saying:
"Those who cast the votes decide nothing.
Those who count the votes decide everything."
If a politician advocates an immoral agenda, would they be willing to use immoral means to get elected?
If they think their agenda is so good that "the end justifies their means," would they lie to the public or engage in voter fraud in order to get elected?
Without the restraining influence of moral virtue, voter fraud tactics developed, such as:
-unsecured mail-in ballots;
-delay in counting military ballots;
-same-day registration fraud;
-inaccurate ballot preparation;
-allowing non-citizens to vote;
-refusal to purge voter rolls of deceased voters or those who moved;
-rigging of electronic voting machines; and
-allegations of Department of Homeland Security hacking into state election systems, which, as expected, they would deny. (Georgia,
The Daily Caller,
If any of these methods of voter fraud are discovered, the excuse is made that it was unintentional, unauthorized, or someone's ineptness, and a public promise is made to "investigate" by the very individuals people who fraudulently won the election.
Cyber security expert John McAfee explained how hackers within government agencies who had the skills to hack through firewalls, would also have the skills to leave a "fake" trail by changing their language, markers, or location, as he said in an interview (RT, 12/30/16):
"If it looks like the Russians did it, then I can guarantee you it was not the Russians ... If I was the Chinese and I wanted to make it look like the Russians did it, I would use Russian language within the code, I would use Russian techniques of breaking into the organization."
Occasionally, when public pressure to address corruption becomes inescapable, a scapegoat is blamed, allowing the real perpetrators to stay in office.
Since the potential for corruption lies at the heart of every human being, the remedy is for the general public to exercise eternal vigilance, as Irish politician John Philpot Curran (1750-1817) wrote:
"The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance ... which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt."
Eternal vigilance is necessary to keep honest citizens voting, as well as to keep voting honest.
President Richard Nixon address the League of Women Voters on their 50th Anniversary, April 17, 1969:
"A year before the 19th amendment was adopted
the League of Women Voters
was founded, and that organization, in the past 50 years, has played a major role in this Nation on a nonpartisan basis ...
Since about 1947, a tremendously escalating role of women in politics in the United States ...
I often say that men do the talking and women do the working in campaigns ..."
"As we look at the past 50 years we wonder what could happen in the next 50 years ...
As I look around the world and as I find that India has a woman Prime Minister, Ceylon has a woman Prime Minister,
Israel has a woman Prime Minister
Daughters of the American Revolution
, President Calvin Coolidge remarked April 19, 1926:
"Who has not heard of
, whose heroic services at the Battle of Monmouth helped the sorely tried army of George Washington!
We have been told of the unselfish devotion of the women who gave their own warm garments to fashion clothing for the suffering Continental Army during that bitter winter at Valley Forge.
The burdens of the war were not all borne by the men ..."
"Since 1880 there has been a marked increase in the tendency to remain away from the polls on the part of those entitled to vote ...
Election day in the olden times was generally considered more or less sacred - one to be devoted to the discharge of the obligations of citizenship ...
If the people fail to vote, a government will be developed which is not their government
... Such a system of government is doomed to failure."