Daily updates on the emerging novel coronavirus from the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security.
The Center for Health Security will be analyzing and providing updates on the emerging novel coronavirus. If you would like to receive these daily updates, please
sign up here
and select “2019-nCoV.”
You are receiving this email announcement because you have subscribed to one of our other newsletters.
Additional resources are now available on our
January 24, 2020 - Morning Update
National Health Commission
is reporting a total of 830 confirmed cases across 29 provinces, including 177 severe cases and 25 deaths (24 in Hubei Province, where Wuhan is located, and 1 in Hebei Province). Another 1072 suspect cases have also been reported. 5 confirmed cases have been reported in Hong Kong (2), Macao (2), and Taiwan (1). Among the 53 cases reported in
, health officials identified 10 “cluster outbreaks,” all among families, which could provide additional insight into the degree to which the 2019-nCoV infection is transmissible among humans.
In the United States, the
(Texas) Health Department announced that they are investigating a suspect case in an individual who recently traveled to Wuhan. Testing is in progress, and the individual has been isolated at home.
Ministry of Finance
has allocated 1B yuan (approximately US$145M) to support response activities in Hubei Province. Numerous
(many based on an original report in the
news) indicate that construction is underway for a new hospital in Wuhan that will have the capacity for 1,000 beds, with the intention of being operational by February 3. A similar effort was implemented during the 2003 SARS response to rapidly construct hospital facilities, including the 1,000-bed Xiaotangshan Medical Center, which was constructed in 7 days. The
Wuhan Municipal Health Commission
announced that the city has designated additional 2019-nCoV treatment hospitals in an attempt to manage the growing number of patients seeking care.
China’s National Health Commission reported that
Dr. Wang Guangfa
, Head of the Department of Pulmonary Medicine at Peking University First Hospital, was infected with 2019-nCoV. In an interview with the
China News Agency
, he reported being treated with the AIDS anti-retroviral drug lopinavirlitonavir. He is recovering from the disease, but it is unclear at this time to what extent, if any, the antiviral drug contributed to his treatment.
studies based on current incidence data and/or sequence data are estimating an R0 of 1.5-3 for the 2019-nCoV outbreak. This is comparable to SARS and pandemic influenza. The R0 is dependent on a myriad of factors, including the pathogen/disease itself and public health interventions and containment measures, and it will change over the course of the outbreak.
CROWDSOURCED PATIENT DATA
data have been compiled using publicly available data by scientists not affiliated with the response. These efforts are based on a variety of publicly available information—including from official reports, news media, and social media—and they aim to provide a substitute for official “line list” data, which have not been published publicly.
Scientists affiliated with the Chinese Academy of Sciences have posted a
of genetic analysis of 11 samples of 2019-nCoV from some of the earliest identified patients in the ongoing outbreak. They found that (1) the virus in the same species as SARS-CoV, with 94.6% similarity in amino acid sequence and 80% similarity in nucleotide sequence across the genome; (2) the 2019-nCoV strain was less than 75% homologous to nearly all strains of SARS-CoV in the spike protein; and (3) a single isolate of a bat coronavirus shared 96.7% sequence homology with the 2019-nCoV strain, suggesting 2019-nCoV may have originated in bats and possibly shares a common ancestor with SARS-CoV. Findings also suggest that a PCR diagnostic test could differentiate 2019-nCoV from other coronaviruses. Serological testing of the patient samples showed strong IgG antibodies specific for 2019-nCoV in specimens collected 20 days after disease onset in 5 of 7 patients.