AARC Tip of the Month - October 2016
What is ABA?
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October's Tip of the Month is from the Lizard Centre:

"Applied Behavioural Analysis (or ABA) is the applied use of proven behavioural principles with the goal of either increasing or decreasing targeted behaviours. ABA provides a method for therapists to scientifically measure an individual's behaviours and isolate their causes. Once a clear picture of the individual's behaviour has been gained, the therapist is able to create a program that improves the behaviours over time, subject to continuous measurement and refinement. A large body of research supports the efficacy of ABA to significantly improve IQ and socially meaningful behaviour in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

ABA is the only treatment for ASD given the highest status of "Effective Based on Established Research Evidence" in Australia. In the USA, ABA is the primary treatment for autism spectrum disorder (medicine is a secondary treatment option.)

Evidence for the efficacy of Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) for treating Autism Spectrum Disorder:
  • A 2007 clinical report of the American Academy of Pediatrics concluded that the benefit of ABA-based interventions in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) 'has been well documented' and that 'children who receive early intensive behavioral treatment have been shown to make substantial, sustained gains in IQ, language, academic performance, and adaptive behavior as well as some measures of social behavior.'
  • Researchers from the MIND Institute published an evidence-based review of comprehensive treatment approaches in 2008. On the basis of 'the strength of the findings from the four best-designed, controlled studies,' they were of the opinion that one ABA-based approach (the Lovaas technique created by Ole Ivar Løvaas) is 'well-established' for improving intellectual performance of young children with ASD.
  • A 2009 review of psycho-educational interventions for children with autism whose mean age was six years or less at intake found that five high-quality ('Level 1' or 'Level 2') studies assessed ABA-based treatments. On the basis of these and other studies, the author concluded that ABA is 'well-established' and is 'demonstrated effective in enhancing global functioning in pre-school children with autism when treatment is intensive and carried out by trained therapists.'
  • A 2009 paper included a descriptive analysis, an effect size analysis, and a meta-analysis of 13 reports published from 1987 to 2007 of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI, a form of ABA-based treatment with origins in the Lovaas technique) for autism. It determined that EIBI's effect sizes were 'generally positive' for IQ, adaptive behavior, expressive language, and receptive language. The paper did note limitations of its findings including the lack of published comparisons between EIBI and other 'empirically validated treatment programs.'
  • A 2009 meta-analysis of nine studies published from 1987 to 2007 concluded that EIBI has a 'large' effect on full-scale intelligence and a 'moderate' effect on adaptive behavior in autistic children.
  • In 2011, investigators from Vanderbilt University under contract with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality performed a comprehensive review of the scientific literature on ABA-based and other therapies for autism spectrum disorders; the ABA-based therapies included the UCLA/Lovaas method and the Early Start Denver Model (the latter developed by Sally Rogers andGeraldine Dawson). They concluded that 'both approaches were associated with ... improvements in cognitive performance, language skills, and adaptive behaviour skills.'"
Books of the Month:
The books of the month are available in the SESA Library. You may search the library on the  SESA website, or you may contact our Librarian, Anne Freitag, at  afreitag@sesa.org  or  907 . 334 . 1301 

Electronic books may be accessed from anywhere in the state. If you've used our ebooks before,  this link will take you to the title and log you in
 
If you haven't used our ebooks before, please contact Anne so she can set up a username and password for you.  Click here for more information about ebooks.
 
For easy searching on the SESA Library site, we've added the ISBN number. Simply copy, paste, and search!
The ABA Program Companion: Organizing quality programs for children with autism and PDD
By: J. Tyler Fovel.
New York : DRL Books, 2002.
ISBN: 0966526678

Description: "... geared towards helping the reader integrate important theories and concepts from ABA into powerful, practical and comprehensive educational programming, from assessment through program methodology and evaluation of results. Topic summaries, key concepts, question lists and references are found throughout the manual, along with reproducible data forms in order to organize and expedite program development. ... designed specifically as a resource for special educators, parents, and program coordinators in various stages of organizing and implementing their ABA programs. Through clear language, illustrations, tables and real-life examples, the topics covered include basic ABA concepts; teaching formats; the principles, merits and clinical applications of discrete trials; incidental teaching; teaching language and social skills; inclusion; curriculum planning and evaluation, among many others."--Amazon.com.
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) and the Treatment of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders [video-recording (DVD)]
Watson Institute Series on Autism; Victoria Moore.
Call Number:  150.1943

Description: "This presentation defines ABA, identifies types of ABA-based programs, lists components of ABA-based interventions and provides strategies for decreasing/eliminating problem behaviors."--publisher's website.
Handbook of Positive Behavior Support
Edited by: Wayne Sailor ... [et al.]
New York; London: Springer, c2009.
ISBN: 9780387096315

Description: "A revolution in working with difficult students began during the 1980s, with a dramatic shift away from dependence on simply punishing bad behavior to reinforcing desired, positive behaviors of children in the classroom. With its foundation in applied behavior analysis (ABA), positive behavior support (PBS) is a social ecology approach that continues to play an increasingly integral role in public education as well as mental health and social services nationwide. ...gathers into one concise volume the many elements of this burgeoning field and organizes them into a powerful, dynamic knowledge base - theory, research, and applications"-publisher's website.
The Parent's Guide to In-Home ABA Programs: Frequently asked questions about applied behavior analysis for your child with autism
By: Elle Olivia Johnson
London : Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2013.
ISBN: 9781849059183

Description: What is applied behavior analysis? Most importantly, how can ABA help my child? Concise and practical, this handbook explains the ins and outs of applied behavior analysis in a chatty question and answer format addressing everything parents need to know from what a typical session will entail, to how to navigate their relationship with their therapist, to how to get more involved and begin using ABA methods themselves. 
Video Modelling and Behaviour Analysis [ebook]: A guide for teaching social skills to children with autism
By: Christos Nikopoulos and Mickey Keenan
Foreward by: Sandy Hobbs
London : Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2006.
ISBN: 
9781846425219
If you haven't used our ebooks before, please contact the librarian, Anne Freitag, at 907-334-1301 so she can set up your account

Description: What is applied behavior analysis? Most importantly, how can ABA help my child? Concise and practical, this handbook explains the ins and outs of applied behavior analysis in a chatty question and answer format addressing everything parents need to know from what a typical session will entail, to how to navigate their relationship with their therapist, to how to get more involved and begin using ABA methods themselves. 
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