Challenging behaviors commonly associated with ASD include aggression toward others, self-injurious (or self-harming) behaviors, and severe tantrumming. Many individuals with autism exhibit multiple challenging behaviors.
Treatment of these behaviors has been only moderately successful.
In this model, medical and behavioral factors, as well as impaired interoception are utilized to explain why many people with ASD engage in challenging behaviors. In addition, implications for assessment and treatment are discussed.