Africa Center for Strategic Studies 

Media Review for July 5, 2011

The struggle for South Sudan
If you want to see the face of Africa's newest nation, visit the riverbank by the port of Juba, soon to be the capital city of South Sudan. This is the disembarkation point for tens of thousands of people who fled a war and are now returning home. They come up the Nile in overcrowded barges from Khartoum, where they have been living in makeshift camps. Most arrive with pitifully few possessions. But you can feel the hope in the air. The Guardian


U.S. Official Ties Sudan Aid to Darfur
In a new drive to resolve the humanitarian crisis in Sudan's Darfur region, the Bush administration plans to pledge financial support for the accord that ended Sudan's long-running civil war in January. As a condition of that aid, however, it will request evidence that the Khartoum government is responding to international pressure on Darfur, Deputy Secretary of State Robert B. Zoellick said Monday. The Washington Post


Africa's latest food crisis needs a long-term strategy
A "toxic mix" of drought, failed harvests and rising food prices have brought severe food shortages to the east and the Horn of Africa. As a result, the UN office for the co-ordination of humanitarian affairs (OCHA) predicts that around 10 million people in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Uganda and Djibouti will face chronic shortages and be in need of humanitarian assistance. The Guardian


East Africa drought: Africa must do more to help itself
The drought now blighting the vast, arid basin of land that stretches from northern Kenya through central Somalia and into eastern Ethiopia is among the worst anyone has seen. Some regions are drier than they have been since 1951. No rain at all has fallen for more than a year in some places, and recent showers in others were half what would be expected. The Telegraph


Ben Ali sentenced to 15 years in prison
A Tunisian court has sentenced former president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in absentia to 15 years in prison on charges of trafficking in drugs, weapons and archaeological artifacts. The verdict and sentence were read out by the judge after a one-day trial on Monday. Presiding judge Touhmi Hafi noted Ben Ali's absence for the record, saying: "The accused is not present and is a fugitive." Aljazeera


Turkey recognises Libya rebels
Turkey has extended official recognition to Libya's rebels and offered at least $200 million in aid as part of a diplomatic shift away from the regime of longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi. Ahmet Davutoglu, the Turkish foreign minister, met with rebel leaders in Benghazi during a one-day visit to the country on Sunday. He said his country now recognised the opposition National Transitional Council (NTC) as the legitimate representative of the Libyan people. Aljazeera


Change of plan: The Hague can have Gaddafi, say rebels
The head of Libya's rebel council said on Monday that there was now no possibility of Muammar Gaddafi being granted internal exile in Libya, following an International Criminal Court (ICC) warrant for his arrest. Mustafa Mohammed Abdel Jalil, chairperson of the National Transitional Council (NTC), said: "There is absolutely no current or future possibility for Gaddafi to remain in Libya." Jalil confirmed that such an offer had been made but said it was now null and void. Mail and Guardian


African Union: Members will not cooperate with Gadhafi warrant
The African Union says its members will not cooperate with the International Criminal Court's arrest warrant for Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, arguing that the measure jeopardizes efforts to negotiate a peace deal in the war-torn nation. The arrest warrant "seriously complicates the efforts aimed at finding a negotiated political solution to the crisis in Libya," said a statement summarizing the countries' decision at a summit in Equatorial Guinea that ended Friday. CNN


US dismisses Gaddafi threat to attack Europe
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stepped up Western calls on Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi to quit, brushing off his threat to attack Europeans in their homes and offices. "Instead of issuing threats, Gaddafi should put the well-being and the interests of his own people first and he should step down from power and help facilitate a democratic transition," Clinton told reporters on a trip to Spain. Mail and Guardian


Critics accuse Obama of inaction in Africa
US President Barack Obama has been accused by his critics of lacking a cohesive Africa policy and ignoring the plight of many African nations. However, others say that his approach is one of pragmatism not inaction. Deutsche Welle


Nigerian Police Arrest 100 Suspected Islamic Radicals
Nigeria's state security service says it has arrested more than 100 alleged members of a northern-based Islamic militant group, including some key leaders. Security officials did not name the group, but the Boko Haram group has claimed responsibility for deadly violence in six northern states, including assassinations and attacks on police stations. The attacks include last month's bombing of the headquarters of the national police in the capital, Abuja. VOA


Enough is Enough, Jonathan Tells Boko Haram
President Goodluck Jonathan Friday promised that the federal government would rise up to the challenges of insecurity, particularly the threat to internal security by the Boko Haram extremist sect, declaring that "enough is enough." The President stated this at the graduation ceremony for senior course 33 of the Armed Forces Command and Staff College (AFCSC), Jaji, Kaduna State. This Day


248 women report being raped by DRC soldiers
Some 248 women said they have been raped by soldiers in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Sud-Kivu province, local medical reports show, in a region the UN has called the world's "rape capital." A hospital doctor in Nakiele told AFP that 121 local women reported being the victim of rape on the night of June 11 to 12. Times Live


Explosion hits Egypt gas pipeline
Masked assailants blew up the Egyptian pipeline that carries gas to Israel and Jordan today, starting a fire that burned for hours and disrupting the flow of gas, security officials said. The blast targeted a pumping station about 65 miles south of the Mediterranean coastal city of El-Arish, in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula. The Independant


Moroccans approve king's constitutional reforms
Moroccans on Friday voted overwhelmingly to transfer some of the king's powers to the prime minister in a constitutional referendum called by King Mohammed VI in response to pro-democracy protests. France 24


Senegal: Abdoulaye Wade's son denies 'monarchy plans'
The son of Senegal's President Abdoulaye Wade has strongly denied that his father will hand him power in the style of a monarch. Karim Wade issued the denial after widespread speculation that his 85-year-old father was grooming him as his successor. Mr Wade has ruled Senegal for more than a decade. BBC


Sudan president to speak at S. Sudan independence
Sudan's president will speak at independence celebrations in the south this weekend, officials said Monday, just days after he vowed to continue a military offensive in a border region. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir supported the January referendum that paved the way for the oil-rich south to secede and become the world's newest country on Saturday. Stars and Stripes


George Clooney's Sudan monitors warn about weaponry
The government of Sudan may be moving heavy weaponry closer to a disputed oil-rich region of the country, a monitoring group started by Hollywood actor George Clooney claimed. Satellite photos show what appear to be four vehicles capable of carrying multiple-rocket launchers at a camp that also appears to include two dozen light vehicles and tents for an infantry battalion, the Satellite Sentinel Project said. CNN


African Al-Qaeda welcomes French Afghanistan pullout
Al-Qaeda's north African branch, currently holding four French hostages, has welcomed news that hundreds of French soldiers will be pulling out of Afghanistan, a source close to the mediation said Friday. AFP


West Africa: Cash dominance a challenge to anti- money laundering efforts
The dominance of cash in the economy of West African states is a major challenge to anti-money laundering efforts, says Abdullahi Shehu, Director-General, Inter-Governmental Action Group against Money Laundering in West Africa (GIABA). The group was established in 1999 by the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS to protect West African economies and financial systems against money laundering and terrorism financing. Vanguard


Gold Fever Draws African Farmers From Fields
In the middle of Africa lies a little-known country, landlocked and sparsely populated, that could well be one of the world's leading exporters of gold in the near future: the Central African Republic. International mining companies hope to establish operations there soon. But until then, with gold prices soaring, the hunt for gold is led by former farmers. In one mining village, thousands of people are gambling on a lucky strike. NPR


Can a military coup restore democracy?
Niger's president amended the constitution to remain in power. So the military ousted him, quickly returning the country to democratic civilian control. CS Monitor

 Find us on Facebook         Follow us on Twitter          View our photos on flickr
Please note: The following news items are presented here for informational purposes. The views expressed within them are those of the authors and/or individuals quoted, not those of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, the National Defense University, or the Department of Defense.
The Africa Center is the pre-eminent Department of Defense institution for strategic security studies, research, and outreach in Africa. The Africa Center engages African partner states and institutions through rigorous academic and outreach programs that build strategic capacity and foster long-term, collaborative relationships.