Africa Center for Strategic Studies 

Media Review for August 24, 2011

Where, oh where, have the Qaddafis gone?
All Points Bulletin: Qaddafis on the Loose: An FP guide to the latest mysterious sightings of Libya's first family as they run for cover. Foreign Policy


Libyan rebels storm Gaddafi compound in Tripoli
Jubilant rebel fighters overran the seat of power of the fugitive Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi on Tuesday, swarming into his fortified Bab al-Aziziya compound in Tripoli and heralding the symbolic end of his four-decade rule over Libya. The Washington Post


Gaddafi flees Tripoli HQ ransacked by rebels
A beleaguered Muammar Gaddafi vowed on Wednesday to fight on to death or victory after jubilant rebels forced him to abandon his Tripoli stronghold in an apparently decisive blow against the Libyan leader's 42-year rule. Rebels ransacked Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziya bastion, seizing arms and smashing symbols of a ruler whose fall will transform Libya and rattle other Arab autocrats facing popular uprisings. Gaddafi said the withdrawal from his headquarters in the heart of the capital was a tactical move after it had been hit by 64 NATO air strikes and he vowed "martyrdom" or victory in his six-month war against the Western alliance and Libyan foes. Reuters


Looted Libyan arms flooding into Gaza
The past months of unrest have already seen a flood of weaponry seized from Col Muammar Gadaffi's troops and army stores into the increasingly volatile Egyptian Sinai. Israeli military intelligence reports that much of the smuggled arsenal has been looted by jihadist elements and is making its way into Gaza through the tunnels at Rafah. The Telegraph


NATO Partnership in Libya Serves as Model, Panetta Says
Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta today called U.S. support for the NATO mission that's helping opposition forces make progress against Moammar Qadhafi's regime Libya an example of the international cooperation that will be critical in the future. Africom


Will Africa miss Qaddafi?
As the single-largest contributor to the budget of the African Union, a prime aid donor for poor African countries, and a dependable advocate for pan-African cooperation, Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi is a man whose impact reaches far beyond his country's borders. That impact is sometimes good, as when he funds hospital or road projects, or when his estimated 15 percent contribution of the AU's budget allows the AU to send peacekeepers to Somalia, Darfur, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. And it can be bad, when he buys weapons for rebel groups to destabilize his neighbors like Sudan and Chad. CS Monitor


Oil-Rich Libyans Won't Need Financial Aid
Libyan rebels needed NATO'S military might to bring Muammar Qaddafi's rule to the brink of collapse. About $50 billion in cash abroad means they can do without foreign aid to rebuild the country after a six-month conflict. Bloomberg


Libya: journalists held captive in Tripoli's Rixos hotel
The Rixos hotel is just over two miles from Muammar Gaddafi's heavily fortified Bab al-Aziziya compound and most foreign journalists arriving in Libya over the past months were placed here by the regime. The deposed leader's whereabouts are unknown after his compound was over-run by rebels yesterday. However, a secret tunnel network is believed to reach under the Tarabulus Zoo Park linking the Bab al-Aziziya compound to the basement of the Rixos. The Telegraphe


Huge Win for Libyans, a Win for Obama, Challenges Next
As it turns out, the combination of intelligence support provided by the US, the technical and financial and logistics support provided behind the scenes by Qatar and the UAE, the military interventions by French and British forces, and more helped give the Libyan rebels an opportunity to regroup after early setbacks and push Gaddafi's forces back steadily and firmly to the battle inside Tripoli that we saw last night. A key part of the success were the Berbers organizing their village militias west of Tripoli and pushing towards Gaddafi from one direction while the Benghazi-based rebels pushed from the other - putting Tripoli in a vise. The Huffington Post


How the US-Ugandan strategy of chasing the LRA backfires
While the Ugandan and US strategy of chasing the brutal Lord's Resistance Army leader, Joseph Kony, has produced some attrition, it has also generated a massive recruitment campaign by the LRA. CS Monitor


South Sudan: Hundreds Dead in Reprisal Attacks, Proposed Pipeline Scrapped
A series of cattle raids and reprisal attacks have left around 600 people dead and about a 1000 others injured in South Sudan's Jonglei state. Reports indicate that the latest wave of violence was triggered by the minority Murle group when they attacked villages of the larger Lou Nuer group in the Wuror and Pibor counties. In the process they destroyed villages, abducted women and children, and seized approximately 30 000 heads of cattle. allAfrica

South-Sudan: : Inter-Ethnic Clashes Become More Frequent and Deadly
Thousands of women and children are being abducted and over 1,000 people have died this year as communities in oil-rich South Sudan war over a precious commodity - cattle. In the newly independent country, which produces about 385,000 barrels of oil a day, inter-ethnic clashes over cattle have long prevailed. Here, owning many cattle is a sign of wealth. However, in recent times the cattle raids have become more frequent and deadly. IPS


A New Obstacle To Normal Relations For Sudan, U.S.
When Sudan allowed South Sudan to become an independent nation last month, it hoped this would put an end to years of friction with the United States. More specifically, Sudan desperately wanted to be removed from Washington's list of state sponsors of terrorism and get out from under the many sanctions that come along with that designation. But now the U.S. and the United Nations are raising concerns about fighting, and possible atrocities, near the border between Sudan and South Sudan. NPRy to the battle inside Tripoli that we saw last night. A key part of the success were the Berbers organizing their village militias west of Tripoli and pushing towards Gaddafi from one direction while the Benghazi-based rebels pushed from the other - putting Tripoli in a vise. The Huffington Post


Sudan: Fresh charges of mass graves
The Sudan government killed large numbers of civilians in troubled South Kordofan state and the bodies were buried in mass graves by the Sudanese Red Crescent Society, according to the Satellite Sentinel Project. Globalpost


West Africa's Democratic Evolution - African or Western?
For sometime, the centre of Africa's anarchic one-party systems, gory tyrants, brutal dictatorships, self-serving military juntas and hideous civil wars, West Africa is changing and indisputably sowing democratic seeds. Whether in Cape Verde, Liberia, Guinea-Conakry, Niger, Nigeria or Guinea Bissau multi-party elections are blowing across the once politically sick region. Ghana Web


Babangida, Obasanjo, and Nigerian Governance
The public feud between former heads of state Ibrahim Babangida (IBB) and Olusegun Obasanjo (OBJ) is an occasion to reflect on the high price the Nigeria has paid for poor governance. The Council on Foreign Relations


Liberians hold referendum, election dry run
Liberians voted on Tuesday in a referendum held to decide how an election later this year will be run, and to measure the country's progress towards peace and reconciliation eight years after civil war ended. Observers and polling officials had said they expected a low turnout because of the lack of interest and transport problems, and no official turnout figures were released when voting ended. Reuters


The Return of South Africa's Highly Enriched Uranium to the US in Context
On 17 August 2011, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) of the United States issued a press release announcing that the South African government, through the Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), had returned 6,3kg of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent fuel to the US for safe storage and ultimately for destruction. NNSA is a semi-autonomous agency within the US Department of Energy (DOE) responsible among other things for maintaining and enhancing the safety, security, reliability and performance of the US nuclear weapons stockpile. ISS


How to end Somalia's famine and weaken the insurgents
[...]Perhaps most critically, in 2009 al Shabab banned almost all international aid agencies, claiming that they were Western spies and that their food assistance was a conspiracy to drive Somali farmers out of business. The group not only prevented aid distribution but also forbade famine victims from fleeing to Kenya, even going so far as to deny the existence of a famine. CNN


Piracy threatens coastal economy
Piracy is threatening the UAE's coastal economy as attacks are being staged following a brazen and successful ship hijacking outside Salalah Port in Oman. The Fairchem Bogey, managed by Anglo-Eastern Ship Management, based in Mumbai, was seized on Saturday as it was awaiting berthing instructions. All 21 Indian sailors on board were taken hostage. The National


Burkina Faso court sentences 3 policemen over student's death that sparked deadly protests
A Burkina Faso judge has sentenced three policemen to prison over a student's death that sparked months of protests that left at least six dead. Two policemen on Tuesday were sentenced to 10 years in prison and the other to eight years over the February death of Justin Zongo. The Washington Post


Nigeria sends two new satellites into space
Satellites launched by Nigeria will map the unplanned urban growth of the commercial capital, Lagos, and track the increasing oil spills in Nigeria's south as well as the desertification of its north. CS Monitor

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