Africa Center for Strategic Studies 

Media Review for July 8, 2011

From Khartoum to Juba
Images of Sudan and its people on the eve of the country's division. Foreign Policy

Briefing on the New Republic of South Sudan
Special Briefing with Johnnie Carson -Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs / Susan E. Rice - U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations , U.S. Mission to the United Nations / USAID Deputy Administrator Don Steinberg on Sudan.Washington, DC, July 7, 2011.

South Sudan passes interim constitution amid concerns over presidential powers
The Juba based South Sudan Legislative Assembly passed the long awaited interim constitution, giving more powers to president of the soon-to-be independent state of the Republic of South Sudan on Thursday. Sudan Tribune

New UN force in South Sudan will have 7,000 military and 900 police
A new U.N. peacekeeping mission for South Sudan will have up to 7,000 military personnel and 900 international police with a mandate to keep peace and help promote development in the world's newest nation, according to the draft U.N. resolution obtained late Thursday by The Associated Press. The Wahington Post

Explainer: Sudan's unresolved issues
A senior UN human rights official has warned that full-scale war between north and south Sudan will break out if border clashes escalate. As southern Sudan heads for formal independence on 9 July, we look at the points of contention between north and south. The Guardian

Sudan's ruling party in the south splits
The southern branch of Sudan's ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has said it will split with the northern party and join the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), the ruling party in the south. Riak Gai, the head of the NCP in Southern Sudan, said on Thursday that the split would take effect immediately. Al Jazeera

6 suspected al-Qaida militants killed in Mauritania
A Mauritanian military spokesman said six militants suspected of belonging to al-Qaida's affiliate in North Africa were killed during a clash earlier this week. Col. Tiyid Ould Brahim said Mauritanian soldiers found their bodies after Tuesday's attack in the town of Bassiknou. The attackers were believed to belong to Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb, or AQIM. The washington Post

Somali terror suspect captured in US 'linked to Anwar al-Awlaki
A Somali terror suspect captured and detained by the United States has links to Anwar al-Awlaki, a key leader of Al-Qaeda's branch in Yemen, a US official said Thursday. The Telegraph

Ivory Coast: Ouattara appoints rebel to head army
Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara has named General Soumaila Bakayoko, the former rebel military chief, as chief of staff of the country's new army, authorities said on Thursday. A joint statement from the defence and interior ministries said Bakayoko was appointed chief of staff of the Ivory Coast Republican Forces (ICRF). News 24

UN: Central African Republic Facing Serious Challenges
The senior United Nations diplomat for the Central African Republic said Thursday that the country has made some gains during the past two years but that it continues to face serious challenges. VOA

East Africa crisis could have been prevented with early action
Images of people arriving at refugee camps in east Africa this week have brought home the stark reality of the impact of drought in the region. Many have walked for days or weeks to get to the camps, carrying children and a few possessions. In some cases, older people have been brought in wheelbarrows or in makeshift carts. The Guardian

Will the U.S. Stand By As Famine Looms in Somalia?
"The drought has gotten so bad that we have seen camels dying of thirst," recounted a Mercy Corps colleague during my recent visit to Somalia. While crises in Sudan, Libya and Japan may get the headlines, the worst humanitarian crisis in the world today - by a long shot - is taking place in the Horn of Africa. Experts in the region say that the drought is the worst the Horn has seen since the 1950s. The Huffington Post

Many dying en route while fleeing Somalia drought: UNHCR
Many people, including children, are dying while fleeing serious drought in Somalia, the UN refugee agency said Friday, warning that aid efforts are at risk of being overwhelmed by the large numbers of refugees arriving in camps. Times Live

Africa: UN accused of standing by while forces killed civilians
The UN mission in Sudan, composed mainly of Egyptian troops, is accused of being partisan[...]The UN mission in Sudan stands accused of serious failures in its duty to protect civilians who have been killed in their hundreds during a month-long campaign of violence by the Khartoum government on its restive southern border. The Independant

Togo to demarcate maritime borders with Ghana, Benin
The Togolese authorities have expressed their intention to clearly mark the country's maritime borders with Ghana and Benin in the Atlantic Ocean including the Gulf of Guinea, official sources said on Thursday. Xinhua

House Sends Conflicting Signals on Libya
The House voted down a measure on Thursday that would have prevented the United States military from using force in Libya, but it also blocked military support to the Libyan rebels as Congress continued to wrestle with how to respond to the Obama administration's decision to participate in the NATO-led air war. NY Times

Gaddafi's New Forces: The Teenagers and Women Keeping Libya's Rebels from Taking Tripoli
"They told us al-Qaeda fighters infiltrated the country," the shy 16-year old says, standing in a non-descript building in the coastal city of Misratah where rebels are holding their prisoners. Murad nervously bites his nails as he relates how forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi plucked him out of school and shipped him to fight at the front against a "foreign conspiracy aimed at occupying the country." Time

Protesters gather in Tahrir square for new 'Day of Anger'
Nearly five months after the downfall of Hosni Mubarak's regime, thousands of Egyptians converged on Cairo's Tahrir Square on Friday to urge the nation's new military rulers to speed up democratic reforms. France 24

'Did you beat up protesters, Officer? Never mind. Egypt will only reshuffle your job'
Egypt's government plans to reshuffle senior police to remove officers implicated in a violent crackdown on anti-government protests in January. The announcement seems designed to assuage popular anger at heavy-handed police tactics ahead of mass demonstrations that rights groups and pro-democracy activists have called for June 8. Al Arabiya

Unhappy workers threaten to shut down Egypt's Suez Canal
Last Saturday, someone broke into an electricity control room here and threw a switch. Suddenly, Port Tawfiq, the vast shipyard that marks the southern entrance to the Suez Canal, and the southern half of the city of Suez went dark. Ten minutes later, the lights came back on. But in that short time, disgruntled workers who've been on strike here for the last three weeks had made their point: The Suez Canal, one of the world's busiest transportation hubs, could be paralyzed with very little effort. McClatchy

Understanding land investment deals in Africa
The Oakland Institute takes a closer look at South Sudan's largest land deal to date - the granting of a 49-year lease of 600,000 hectares of land to US-based firm Nile Trading and Development Inc (NTD) by the shadowy Mukaya Payam Cooperative in March 2008. For a sum equivalent to around US$25,000, NTD has full rights to exploit all natural resources in the leased land during this period. Pambazuka News

Swazi loan 'like giving money to a drunk wife-beater'
Swazi pro-democracy campaigners on Thursday urged South Africa not to give their country financial assistance without imposing conditions aimed at steering the troubled kingdom towards negotiations for a transitional government. Mail and Guardian

Poll boost may be short-lived for Morocco king
Moroccan voters' endorsement of a new constitution may provide only a short-term boost for King Mohammed if concrete change is not delivered to silence a growing protest movement. The new constitution, drafted by a royal-appointed committee, retains much of the king's current power and was endorsed last week by 98.5 percent of the 9.7 million Moroccans who voted. Reuters

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Please note: The following news items are presented here for informational purposes. The views expressed within them are those of the authors and/or individuals quoted, not those of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, the National Defense University, or the Department of Defense.
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