American Immigrant Policy Portal
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In This Issue

Research to Inform Policy and Practice   
on Migration-Related Issues
Policy-related reports, studies, and information about the challenge and promise of immigrant integration. Materials organized by collection topic.

CMS study reports that the undocumented population in the U.S. fell by nearly 1 million from 2010 to 2016

Center for Migration Studies, February 22, 2018, 16 pp.
Author: Robert Warren

The undocumented immigrant population in the United States fell by nearly 1 million persons between the years 2010 and 2016 -- from 11.7 million to 10.8 million. The number of undocumented is at its lowest level since 2003.The largest undocumented group, persons from Mexico, has declined sharply. Undocumented Mexicans numbered 6.6 million in 2010 but fell to 5.7 million in 2016. Populations from South America (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) and Europe (Poland) also fell between 2010 and 2016. Three groups from Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras) have increased in number in recent years, as have persons from Asian nations including India and China. Their growth, however, has not offset the decline of other groups. Only two U.S. states, Texas and Nebraska, registered an increase of 10,000 or more undocumented immigrants between 2010 and 2016. Nine of the ten largest states lost population including California (-367,000), Illinois (-118,000) and New York (-115,000). The greatest percentage declines were in Alabama (-37 percent), Mississippi (-32 percent) and New Mexico (-30 percent). Undocumented immigration rose in the 1990s by 145 percent and during the 2000s by 36 percent. The ongoing decline has been occurring across several administrations in Washington. Report author Robert Warren employs a methodology in which respondents to the American Community Survey are assigned immigration status based on key characteristics such as their period of entry, occupation, and likelihood of being immediate relatives of U.S. citizens
(Rob Paral, Rob Paral and Associates)

Legal scholar suggests that cities and the federal government  have increasingly  divergent views of citizenship in the  modern world

Harvard Law Review Blog, January 19, 2018, 3 pp.
Author: Kenneth Stahl

Adapted from his forthcoming book,  The Democratic City: Local Citizenship in the Time of Globalization , this blog post by Kenneth Stahl examines how differing rules regarding suffrage at the local and federal level suggest the existence of different models of citizenship.  For example, while San Francisco, Chicago and a few municipalities in Maryland grant non-citizens the right to vote in certain local elections, these individuals are barred from voting in state and federal elections.  The author suggests residency and a sense of commonly shared interest are at the heart of local understandings of citizenship, in contrast to the federal level which grounds citizenship in birth or lineage. He suggests that cities, open to and dependent upon foreign capital and immigrant workers, have developed this approach in order to survive and prosper in a globalized economy.  Narrowly defining citizenship at the local level may dissuade people and capital from locating in a particular city.  To be competitive, cities must expand opportunities for civic participation to all who reside there.  At the federal level, however, citizenship is connected to territory, and therefore limiting the right to vote can be seen as part of an effort to control a nation's borders.  The author believes these two conceptions of citizenship had historically complemented each other, but that they are now increasingly in conflict.  He also suggests that fluid conceptions of citizenship are alarming to those who are not as mobile as those making choices about which city or country to reside in.  He concludes that competing visions of citizenship and the nature of cities in a globalized economy will continue to be flashpoints for conflict
(Erik Jacobson, Montclair State University).
NewResearchNew Public Policy Research and Reports

Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Immigration

Immigrant Employment and Labor Issues

Refugee Resettlement

State Government

State-Specific Studies

lcLatest Commentary
A selection of recent Op-Eds from immigration researchers and major opinion leaders

March 19, 2018
How America Fell Behind the World on Immigration
Justin Gest, Politico
Read More

March 17, 2018
Debunking a Myth: The Irish Were Not Slaves, Too
Liam Stack, The New York Times
Read More

March 15, 2018
For Trump, Cruelty Is the Point
Julianne Hing, The Nation
Read More

March 7, 2018
Restricting legal immigration to America won't help our economy
Jacqueline Varas, The Hill
Read More

February 27, 2018
Serpents At The Gates?  Today's Immigrants Are Tomorrow's Entrepreneurs
Robb Mandelbaum, Forbes
Read More

February 27, 2018
One Simple Way Trump Can Get the Economic Growth He Wants...It's more immigration
Derek Thompson, The Atlantic
Read More

February 26, 2018
I ran USCIS. This is a nation of immigrants, no matter what mission statements say
Leon Rodriguez, The Washington Post
Read More

February 22, 2018
Trump wants to cut immigration and foreign aid. Here's how they're connected
Sarah Bermeo & David Leblang, The Washington Post
Read More

February 22, 2018
New U.S. Immigrants Are as Educated as New Canadian Immigrants
David Bier, CATO

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The Portal is a project of Diversity Dynamics, LLC, in association with the Center for International Social Work, School of Social Work, Rutgers University, and the Immigrant Learning Center, Inc., Public Education Institute, Malden, MA. Please send content suggestions for the Portal, including events of interest, to: No endorsements implied for research, opinions, resources or events featured on the Portal.