Herbicide-Free Maintenance
April Article- Herbicide-Free Maintenance
   Minimizing the use of herbicides in ecological restorations

Well, being hearty veterans of Minnesota's volatile springs, we just have to laugh at our last April winter blast. Regardless, we are going to say it: “spring is here and our incredible natural areas will soon be turning green and starting to flourish.” It goes without saying, our maintenance crews are eager and ready to get out in the elements and start spring cleanups. They will be busy little bees from now until November. 

Pollinator of the Month!
Leafcutter Bee
( Megachile spp. )

These are solitary bees that are active from May to September and nest in the ground. They cut round pieces of leaves to line their nests. They have dark bodies with light colored hairs that collect pollen. They forage on various native plants including butterfly weed, Canada anemone, blazing star spp., vervain spp., black-eyed Susan, and many more!
Retail Nursery News!

Come visit us next month!

The retail nursery will be open
May 15th to June 29th

Invasive Species of the Month- Cut-leaf Teasel
( Dipsacus laciniatus)

Cut-leaf Teasel is a biennial from Europe that is on Minnesota's Noxious Weed List. It invades natural areas and displaces our native plants. It is 2-7 feet and blooms from July-September. They prefer sun and disturbed soils. Management strategies include mowing, hand pulling, and repeat herbicide treatment followed by years of monitoring.

Native Plant of the Month-
( Chelone glabra )

This is a robust, clump-forming perennial with stout stems. They form dense terminal clusters of white, sometimes tinged with pink, flowers. The upper and lower flower petals are fused, forming a hood that resembles a turtle's head. The flower matures into a fruit that contains a capsule with many seeds. Turtlehead prefers to grow in sun or part shade, and in moist to wet soil along streambanks, fens, marshes, meadows, and woods. Native Americans used the plant for medicine. It is the primary host plant for the rare Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly. Other butterflies and hummingbirds also visit the flowers for nectar.
Five Plants For...Pithy Stems!
Various native bees nest in the pithy stems of these native plants. Plant them to provide this critical habitat that supports native bees!
Mystery Plant of the Month!
This month's Mystery Plant is another spring bloomer with a unique flower and wonderful heart-shaped leaves! Can you guess what it is?
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