Your Weekly Dose of #5ThoughtsFriday: A description of what we think is important at BIAMD
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JUNE 23, 2018
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Here are the 5 things we thought were
worth sharing with you this week:
Your brain is the house your mind lives in. The brain is the most high-powered organ we have and requires the right amount and type of fuel to work properly. When we don’t give our brain the right fuel, it slows us down, dampers our focus, makes us more unhappy and unmotivated.

If you want to maximize your brain power so as to increase your focus, think more clearly and live a happier and longer life, then pay attention because this article will give you the top nutrients you need to maximize your brain power and what foods to include in your diet in order to get them.

Here are what your brain needs and where to get them:

So, did Cheetos make the list?

 The question of whether young children should use their heads on the soccer field has been a contentious one in recent years. In 2015, U.S. Youth Soccer, the organization that oversees most of the country’s leagues for children and teenagers, announced a ban on heading in games and practices by participants younger than 11, citing concerns that the play might contribute to concussions. In response, some soccer authorities pointed out that young players would be late to learn an essential soccer skill and that concussions from heading are rare in that age group regardless. Now a  study presented last month at the annual convention of the American College of Sports Medicine  may help quell doubts about the current regulations, which went into effect in 2016.

According to studies of experienced adult soccer players, heading can generate impact forces almost equivalent to those of a helmet-to-helmet football tackle. But less attention has been directed at heading by young players and the attendant cognitive effects, if any. Last year, however, researchers in Puerto Rico gained permission to work with 30 boys and girls there, ages 9 to 11, who played in a local youth league. (Children this age are allowed to head in Puerto Rico.)
The youngsters took a series of cognitive tests and were then outfitted with a specialized headband that recorded head movements and related impacts while they played. Most of the children wound up heading the ball at least once over the course of three games. Data from the headbands indicates their brains were subjected to acceleration forces ranging from 16 to 60 Gs. In adult players, 60 Gs during heading would be considered forceful enough to cause a concussion, although none of the children in the study received a concussion diagnosis. Most of the impacts were what researchers call “subconcussive,” or below the 60 G threshold.

Within 10 minutes after each game, the researchers had the children repeat the earlier cognitive tests. Those who headed the ball at least once tended to have lower scores, though in subtly different ways, depending on their sex. 

May have to think twice before using your head: CLICK HERE
In children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), treatment with intravenous fluids has been suspected as a cause of brain injury, but now a randomized clinical trial has found no evidence for that.

In 1,255 children treated for 1,398 episodes of DKA, neither the rate of administration nor the sodium chloride content of the fluid was associated with neurologic outcomes, reported researchers led by Nathan Kuppermann, MD, of the University of California Davis School of Medicine in Sacramento.

"These findings underscore the lack of a causal association between rapid fluid administration and diabetic ketoacidosis-related brain injury," the team wrote in the  New England Journal of Medicine . Other evidence points to cerebral hypoperfusion and the effects of reperfusion, along with neuroinflammation, as a likely cause.

Brain injuries occur in 0.5-0.9% of DKA episodes in children, the researchers explained. The injuries manifest as sudden neurologic decline and are often associated with morbidity and mortality. Even among patients without obvious neurologic decline, subtle neurologic alterations have been found after recovery, including deficits in memory, attention, and IQ as well as changes in cerebral microstructure.

Early theories of DKA-related brain injury suggested that rapid administration of intravenous fluids reduced serum osmolality, which led to brain swelling. "Therefore, many treatment protocols for DKA in children advocate slow rehydration with isotonic fluids."

2) What We Are Reading We Think You Might Enjoy
A fascinating exploration of how insights from computer algorithms can be applied to our everyday lives, helping to solve common decision-making problems and illuminate the workings of the human mind

All our lives are constrained by limited space and time, limits that give rise to a particular set of problems. What should we do, or leave undone, in a day or a lifetime? How much messiness should we accept? What balance of new activities and familiar favorites is the most fulfilling? These may seem like uniquely human quandaries, but they are not: computers, too, face the same constraints, so computer scientists have been grappling with their version of such issues for decades. And the solutions they've found have much to teach us.

In a dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, acclaimed author Brian Christian and cognitive scientist Tom Griffiths show how the algorithms used by computers can also untangle very human questions. They explain how to have better hunches and when to leave things to chance, how to deal with overwhelming choices and how best to connect with others. From finding a spouse to finding a parking spot, from organizing one's inbox to understanding the workings of memory, Algorithms to Live By transforms the wisdom of computer science into strategies for human living.
To order: CLICK HERE
  (If you decide to buy anything mentioned in #5ThoughtsFriday, don't forget to use  Amazon Smile  and select the Brain Injury Association of Maryland as your donation beneficiary.) 
1) Quote We Are Contemplating...

Summer afternoon, summer afternoon; to me those have always been the two most beautiful words in the English language."

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  Thanks for reading! Have a wonderful weekend.