New Zealand  

Family Violence Clearinghouse


Issue 85
May 2019
In This Issue

Kia ora and welcome to the latest newsletter from the NZFVC, a monthly update of resources, news and events for those working to prevent family violence in Aotearoa New Zealand. 


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Tēnā tātou katoa
This month we welcome the funding for addressing family violence and sexual violence announced pre-Budget. The government has also released the Welfare Expert Advisory Group's report and there is a focus on bullying following the Francis review of the Parliamentary workplace.   

News, views and happenings in brief:
Closing dates:
NZFVC team @Tāmaki Innovation Campus
University of Auckland.
Reminder: Sign up for News and Events Alerts to receive email notifications when we post news or events on our website.
The Clearinghouse is on   Facebook and Twitter  
 - liking our page or following also means you get the latest news and events as we post them. 
Understanding and preventing bullying 

Here are some resources for understanding the connection between bullying and other types of violence including violence against women, preventing bullying and harassment in schools and workplaces, and getting help.

Understanding the connection. 
Masculine norms and violence: Making the connections
Promundo-US, 2018

School violence, bullying and abuse: A human rights analysis
Human Rights Commission, 2009 

The web of violence: Exploring connections among different forms of interpersonal violence and abuse
Springer Verlag, 2012

Addressing the gendered dimensions of harassment and bullying: What domestic and sexual violence advocates need to know
National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2011

Preventing bullying

Responsive schools
Office of the Children's Commissioner, 2010

Wellbeing@school: Building a safe and caring school climate that deters bullying. Overview paper
New Zealand Council for Educational Research, 2011

Preventing and responding to bullying at work
Worksafe New Zealand, 2017


Bullying prevention toolbox (Worksafe New Zealand) 
Keeping your kids safe online 
Kia kaha (New Zealand Police schools portal)
Pink Shirt Day

Get help

Kidsline - 0800 54 37 54
Youthline - 0800 376 633 or free text 234
Need to talk? Free call or text 1737
Safe to talk - Kōrero mai, ka ora - 0800 044 334

Search the Clearinghouse library for more research about bullying

New resources
Here are some of the books, reports, and other resources added to the NZFVC library this month. Use the "read more" link to the NZFVC library online to read the full summary and request or download the item. Please contact us if any links are broken.

New Zealand
Bullying and harassment in the New Zealand parliamentary workplace: External independent review
Debbie Francis, 2019
Summary: This report finds that bullying and harassment are systemic in the parliamentary workplace. The story is complex, involving harmful behaviour by and between staff, managers, Members of Parliament, media and the public. There are unique features of the workplace that create risk factors for bullying and harassment, including... Read more 
Integrated Safety Response (ISR) evaluation: Emerging findings
Wellington, New Zealand: Joint Venture Business Unit, 2019

Summary: This Snapshot evaluation of ISR is made up of six components, which capture the voices of families, whanau, people that experience violence, people that use violence, and providers. The emerging findings show that the ISR is making a positive difference for many families and whānau... Read more
Inquiry into the Ministry of Social Development's exercise of section 11 (Social Security Act 1964) and compliance with the Code of Conduct
Wellington, New Zealand: Office of the Privacy Commissioner, 2019

Summary: This inquiry has found the Ministry of Social Development (MSD) systematically misused its investigatory powers while pursuing benefit fraud, unjustifiably intruding on the privacy of many beneficiaries. The inquiry found MSD's exercise of its information gathering powers to be inconsistent with legal requirements under the Social Security Act 1964 and the Privacy Act 1993. This failure has resulted in infringements of individual privacy, particularly in relation to the collection of information from third parties... Read more
New Zealand Crime and Victims Survey: Key findings Cycle 1 (March - September 2018). Descriptive statistics
Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Justice, 2019
Summary: This report provides detailed insights and analysis of the New Zealand Crime and Victims Survey (NZCVS) results. It extends the topline report released in December 2018. The report contains mostly descriptive statistics. Results relating to interpersonal violence and other crimes, family violence, intimate partner violence, psychological abuse and sexual violence are found in chapter 4... Read more
Whakamana tangata: Restoring dignity to social security in New Zealand
Wellington, New Zealand: Welfare Expert Advisory Group, 2019

Summary: In May 2018, the Minister for Social Development announced the establishment of the Welfare Expert Advisory Group to undertake a broad-ranging review of the welfare system and advise the Government on the future of New Zealand's welfare system. WEAG have now considered how the welfare system could be changed to better meet the needs of New Zealanders now and in the future... Read more
Two related papers
How do welfare and tax settings affect children's involvement with child protective services?
Wellington, New Zealand: Oranga Tamariki Evidence Centre, 2018
Summary: A large body of international research has shown that low income increases the risk of poor outcomes for children. This report outlines key findings from recent experimental and quasi-experimental welfare and tax policy studies that have examined whether the link between income and child maltreatment is causal. It aims to inform discussions on welfare policy settings... Read more 
Section 70A and children
Moira Wilson, Catherine Harrow and Fiona Cram
Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development, 2019

Summary: In the New Zealand welfare benefit system, the benefit received by a sole parent is reduced for each dependent child for whom they do not seek child support, subject to some exemptions. This research brief aimed to support future policy development by addressing the following questions: How are children affected by section 70A reductions... Read more 
For the wellbeing of New Zealanders: An urgent call for full funding for sexual violence prevention & support services
ActionStation, 2019
Summary: In the lead up to the Government's May 2019 Budget announcement, this report calls on the government to significantly increase funding for sexual violence prevention, education, and survivor support services. The report is based on: An analysis of recent government inquiries into the sexual violence sector... Read more

Whānau ora: An indigenous success story
Verna Smith, Charlotte Moore, Jacqueline Cumming and Amohia Boulton
In: Successful public policy: Lessons from Australia and New Zealand / edited by Joannah Luetjens, Michael Mintrom and Paul `t Hart (pp.505-529). Canberra, ACT: Australian National University Press, 2019 

Summary: Whānau Ora is an innovative approach to Indigenous health and social services policy in Aotearoa New Zealand. The initiative empowers whānau (family) as a whole and devolves to whānau members self-determining processes to improve their cultural, social and economic wellbeing. The initiative's designers aimed for 'the potential of whānau to do for themselves' by minimising their dependence on state-delivered benefits and interventions... Read more

Journal articles
Contact your local library for full text access to articles which are not freely available online
Measuring Māori children's wellbeing
Fiona Cram
MAI Journal, 2019, 1(8), 16-32 

Summary: The Annual Child Poverty Monitor reports on child poverty measures and child-poverty-related indicators. Around one in three Mäori children are defined as living in poverty. While the Monitor is a prompt for government action to reduce child poverty, it has been criticised as presenting a negative view of the lives of Mäori children and whänau. This paper considers whether a fuller picture of the lived realities of Mäori children can be gained from routinely collected data, using a lens of tamariki Mäori wellbeing. A mauri framing for the indicator set is proposed, with three components reflecting the ihi, wehi and wana of tamariki... Read more
"You look a little bit dark for my liking": Māori and Pasifika women's experiences of welfare receipt in Aotearoa New Zealand
Claire Gray and Yvonne Crichton-Hill
Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, 2019, 31(1): 5-16 

Summary: Based on empirical research with Māori and Pasifika lone mothers, this article considers the way that discourses of ethnicity and welfare combine to shape the lived experience of welfare receipt. Drawing from 16 focus groups and interviews conducted in 2014 throughout Aotearoa New Zealand with women receiving Sole Parent Support, the authors analyse the way participants spoke of their experiences with Work and Income New Zealand... Read more 
Women's experiences of intimate partner violence in rural Taranaki, Aotearoa New Zealand
Lesley Pitt, Jane Maidment and Yvonne Crichton-Hill
Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, 2019, 31(1): 31-41 

Summary: Traditionally, research about intimate partner violence has focused on urban areas and has been urban-centric. However, there are some components of intimate partner violence in rural communities which are different and social workers need to be aware of these variances. The findings presented in this article were drawn from a doctoral study... Read more 
(Un)knowing the rules of the game: Young men's precarious talk about "territory marking" in rural Aotearoa/New Zealand
Christina Vogels
Rural Sociology, 2019, Advance online publication, 6 May 2019 

Summary: Research strongly suggests that the social conditions characteristic of rural communities impact gendered experiences of and beliefs about (hetero)romantic relationships. Largely, this is argued because of the privileging of heteronormative
- gendered roles within rural areas. What also is argued is that this privileging of heteronormativity correlates with the statistically higher rates of oppressive strategies that men are able to use to control their romantic partners. This article contributes to this body of work by analyzing how younger men from a rural high school in Aotearoa/New Zealand talked about the practice of "territory marking," which involves men using physical violence against one another over women... Read more
Is Edward Cullen a "good" boyfriend?: Young men talk about Twilight, masculinity and the rules of (hetero)romance
Christina Vogels
Journal of Popular Romance Studies, 2017, Advance online publication, 26 December 2017 

Summary: The popular romance is a pervasive and ubiquitous part of popular culture, which has been critically and rigorously analysed by a wide range of scholars. While this body of work is diverse in its critiques of popular romance, studies often share a common research question: how are the narratives embedded within these love stories understood by those who consume them? While women are undoubtedly the target market for this genre, my research takes a different, less orthodox approach to answering this question. This paper draws on the research above and is open access... Read more
Risk factors for future offending in child and adolescent firesetters following a Fire Service intervention program
Ian Lambie, Isabel Randell, Ariana Krynen, Peter Reed and Julia Ioane
Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2019, 46(6): 832-852 

Summary: Research has established links between youth firesetting and general antisocial behavior. The current study sought to better understand these links by identifying fire-specific and general risk factors for offending from a national sample of children and adolescent firesetters (N = 1,790), from a New Zealand Fire Service intervention program, up to 10 years after intervention. Most (62%) had committed an offense post-intervention, primarily moderate or severe offending. Only 5% had committed an arson offense post-intervention... Read more 
Using the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offender version in sexual violence risk assessments: Updated risk categories and recidivism estimates from a multisite sample of treated sexual offenders
Mark E. Olver, et al.
Psychological Assessment, 2018, 30(7): 941-955 

Summary: The present study sought to develop updated risk categories and recidivism estimates for the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (VRS-SO), a sexual offender risk assessment and treatment planning tool. The overarching purpose was to increase the clarity and accuracy of communicating risk assessment information that includes a systematic incorporation of new information (i.e., change) to modify risk estimates. Four treated samples, including one from and Kia Marama Special Treatment Unit, based at Rolleston Prison in New Zealand, of sexual offenders with VRS-SO pretreatment, posttreatment, and Static-99R ratings were combined with a minimum follow-up period of 10-years postrelease (N 913)... Read more 
A whole campus approach to sexual violence: The University of Otago Model
Melanie A. Beres, Gareth J. Treharne and Zoran Stojanov
Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2019, Advance online publication, 8 May 2019 

Summary: Universities across the world have been increasingly focused on responding to campus sexual violence. Developing a response is complex and involves addressing policy, support for those impacted by sexual violence and prevention. This manuscript outlines the structure and development of the University of Otago's whole campus approach to sexual violence that includes staff and students and addresses policy, support and prevention work... Read more 

Delivery of National Outcome 4 of the National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and Their Children 2010-2022
'Inquiry into the 1800 RESPECT Domestic and Sexual Violence National Counselling Service' The Senate
Canberra, ACT: Commonwealth of Australia, 2017
Summary: On 11 September 2017, the [Australian] Senate referred the following matter to the Senate Finance and Public Administration References Committee (committee) for inquiry and report by December 2017. (The reporting date was subsequently extended to 15 December 2017)....  Read more
Direct cross-examination in family law matters: Incidence and context of direct cross-examination involving self-represented litigants
Rachel Carson, Lixia Qu, John De Maio and Dinika Roopani
Melbourne, Vic: Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2018
Summary: This report sets out findings from the Direct Cross-examination in Family Law Matters project, which was commissioned and funded by the Australian Government, Attorney-General's Department. The project explores quantitative and qualitative data relevant to direct cross-examination involving self-represented litigants in family law matters... 
Read more
Identifying economic abuse amongst women with disability in Victoria: A toolkit for service providers and people affected by family violence. Final report
Jasmine McGowan, JaneMaree Maher, Tricia Malowney and Kate Thomas
Melbourne, Victoria: Monash Gender and Family Violence Prevention Centre, 2019
Summary: This is the final report on this project which draws on data collected for an ANROWS funded project. Researchers found a lack of awareness of the types of family violence perpetrated against women with disability and critically, a lack of accessible resources to assist in the identification of and support of women with disability to move away from such violence... Read more 

Tackling violence against disabled women & girls: A toolkit for social care, housing and safeguarding services
Susie Balderston, Hannah Morgan, Aviah Day and Rebecca Fish
London: Against Violence & Abuse, 2019
Summary: This best practice toolkit was produced as an output of a user-led project by Vision Sense with Centre for Disability Research (CeDR) Lancaster University and AVA so that social workers, mental health and housing professionals can learn to recognise barriers in their services and how to make their services accessible, inclusive and relevant with disabled/Deaf victim-survivors after violence... Read more

Unfinished business - the pursuit of rights and choices for all: State of world population 2019
UNFPA, 2019
Summary: This report traces the progress of women's rights over the last fifty years. Since 1969, when UNFPA was established, much has been accomplished. But there is still more to be done before all women and girls are able to exercise their rights. The report highlights that: "More than four in 10 women in 51 countries surveyed, feel they have no choice but to agree to their partner's sexual demands". The report contains international data... Read more 
Journal articles
Contact your local library for full text access to articles which are not freely available online

Assessing intimate partner violence in South Asian women using the Index of Spouse Abuse
Lenore Fitzsimmons Soglin, Maya Ragavan, Supriya Immaneni and David F. Soglin
Violence Against Women, 2019, Advance online publication, 3 May 2019 

Summary: (IPV) affects 21-40% of South Asian (SA) women in the United States. No screening tool has been validated in this population. This study sought to determine the validity of the Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA) as an IPV screening tool and to determine the prevalence of IPV among a SA immigrant population... Read more 
The effect of intimate partner violence and probable traumatic brain injury on mental health outcomes for Black women
Andrea N. Cimino, et al
Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 2019, Advance online publication, 26 March 2019 
Summary: Severe intimate partner violence including loss of consciousness from head injuries and/or strangulation can result in traumatic brain injury (TBI), a brain pathology characterized by altered brain function, cognitive impairment, and mental health disorders, including depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examines the prevalence of probable TBI (defined as loss of consciousness from a blow to the head and/or strangulation) and its association with comorbid PTSD and depression among Black women... Read more 
Children's experiences and needs in relation to domestic and family violence: Findings from a meta synthesis
Debbie Noble-Carr and Morag McArthur
Child & Family Social Work, 2019, Advance online publication, 7 May 2019 

Summary: Domestic and family violence is a significant issue experienced by many children that can have severe detrimental impacts to their health, development, and well
- being. Despite the significance of this issue, it is only recently that children have been included in research that seeks to understand the impacts that domestic and family violence may have on their lives. This paper reports on the findings of a meta - synthesis, which explored qualitative research about children's experiences of domestic and family violence... Read more 
Grandparents battle to be key stakeholders in protecting grandchildren
Susan Gair and Ines Zuchowski
Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, 2019, 31(1): 101-113 

Summary: Grandparents are increasingly involved in the care of grandchildren, including after child protection intervention. A recent Australian qualitative research partnership explored how relationships between grandparents and their grandchildren could be optimised after child safety concerns. Interviews and focus groups were undertaken... Read more
Identification and management of domestic and sexual violence in primary care in the #MeToo era: An update
Kelsey Hegarty and Laura Tarzia
Current Psychiatric Reports, 2019, 21: 12 

Summary: The authors discuss recent evidence around the identification and response to domestic and sexual violence in primary care for perpetrators and victims, in the context of feminist social media movements such as #MeToo... Read more
Risk factors for severe violence in intimate partner stalking situations: An analysis of police records
Martyna Bendlin and Lorraine Sheridan
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2019, Advance online publication, 7 May 2019 

Summary: Stalkers can be violent, and empirical studies have sought to identify factors associated with violence perpetrated by the stalker. Most of these works view physical violence as a homogeneous construct and do not differentiate between moderate and severe violence. The present study aims to identify correlates of nonviolent, moderate, and severe physical violence within an archival sample of 369 domestically violent police incident reports,... Read more 
Self-report measures that do not produce gender parity in intimate partner violence: A multi-study investigation
Sherry Hamby

Psychology of Violence, 2016, 6(2), 323-335. 
Summary: Gender patterns in intimate partner violence (IPV) remain a controversial topic. Some self-report measures produce gender "parity" in IPV rates. However, other self-report surveys do not produce gender parity, nor do arrests, reports to law enforcement, homicide data, helpseeking data, or witness reports. This methodological inconsistency is still poorly understood. The objective of these studies is to explore the effects of item wording on gender patterns for victimization reports in a range of samples... Read more 
Animal abuse as a type of trauma: Lessons for human and animal service professionals
Mary Lou Randour, Martha Smith-Blackmore, Nancy Blaney, Daniel DeSousa and Audrey-Anne Guyony

Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 2019, Advance online publication, 1 May 2019 
Summary: Animal abuse frequently occurs at the same time and the same place as other types of violence, particularly family violence. Because of that close association, this article proposes that it is the responsibility of both animal service and human service professionals to be aware of its occurrence, understand its significance, and promote appropriate professional and policy responses to it... Read more 
A randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of family group conferencing in child welfare : effectiveness, moderators, and level of FGC completion
Sharon Dijkstra, Jessica J. Asscher, Maja Dekovic, Geert Jan J. M. Stams and Hanneke E. Creemers
Child Maltreatment, 2019, 2019, 24(2): 137-151 

Summary: The present study examined the effectiveness of Family Group Conferencing (FGC) in child welfare. Effects were operationalized in terms of child safety (child maltreatment, supervision order, and out-of-home placement), number of professional services used, parental empowerment, and social support in a 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up... Read more 
You are not allowed to tell: Organisational culture as a barrier for child protection workers seeking assistance for traumatic stress symptomology
Fiona Oates
Children Australia, 2019, Advance online publication, 2 May 2019
Summary: Child protection work is one of the most difficult and complex areas of human services practice. Working within a trauma-laden environment often means that practitioner susceptibility to trauma-related mental health issues is an occupational hazard. However, many practitioners are reluctant to seek support when they start to experience symptoms of traumatic stress. This paper considers current literature relating to child protection workers' exposure to work-related traumatic material, resulting traumatic stress symptomology and organisational responses to practitioner distress. Results from a recent doctoral study that explores the experiences of indigenous child protection practitioners based in Queensland will be presented... Read more
In the news
Click on the link to read the news item. Check for the latest news

Health and Disability Commissioner finds "systematic failing" at DHB in child abuse case - 24 May, 2019
Health and Disability Commissioner Anthony Hill has released a report examining...

Budget 2019: $320m package announced for family and sexual violence - 20 May, 2019
The Government has announced a family violence and sexual violence package...

New Atu-Mai e-learning module on respectful relationships for Pasifika young people - 17 May, 2019
Le Va has launched a new e-learning module on respectful relationships for ...

Cabinet paper outlines Crown approach to Royal Commission on abuse - 14 May, 2019
The Government has released a Cabinet Paper and two Cabinet Minutes that...

ActionStation report explores gap in funding for sexual violence services - 10 May, 2019
ActionStation has published a report exploring whether government funding for...

Welfare Expert Advisory Group report released; research on child protection and welfare - 10 May, 2019
The final report from the Government commissioned Welfare Expert Advisory Group...

Family violence and sexual violence service provider update - MSD, May 2019 - 9 May, 2019
The Ministry of Social Development's (MSD) latest email update for family...

Oranga Tamariki - Ministry for Children forms additional iwi partnerships - 2 May, 2019
Oranga Tamariki - Ministry for Children has signed strategic partnerships with ...
Click on the link for event details. Check for recently added  events 
Dates throughout the year
Working Together for Vulnerable Kids  
Child Matters & Oranga Tamariki.
Free seminars throughout Aotearoa 
More Child Matters training
Child Protection Studies Workshops 
- Dynamics of sexual abuse
- Identifying and responding to vulnerability and child abuse
 The impact of family violence on children
- 5 day training and Diploma block courses
Locations throughout Aotearoa. See website for details
4 - 5 June 2019
Shine Advanced Training 
5 - 7 June 2019
Shift Aotearoa 2019 - Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua

6 June 2019 *UPDATED*
Professor Julia Tolmie, Inaugural Lecture 
11 - 12 June 2019 *NEW*
Mini Conference and Thought Space Wānanga 
11 - 12 June 2019
Digital trust and personal data 
London, United Kingdom
14 June 2019 
DVFREE Workshop: Creating Effective Domestic Violence Policy & Procedures
Shine workshop and training
15 June 2019 *NEW* 
World Elder Abuse Awareness Day
27-28 June 2019 
10 July 2019 
Responding effectively to victims of domestic violence
Shine Introductory Training 
17 July 2019 
DVFREE Workshop: Creating Effective Domestic Violence Policy & Procedures
DVFREE Workplace: 'First Responder' Domestic Violence Training  Workshop full
Shine workshop and training
22 - 23 July 2019 *NEW*
Rock the Boat
National Elder Abuse Conference (Australia)
Brisbane, Australia
9th Biennial Conference
Brisbane, Australia
19 - 30 August & 11 - 22 November 2019 *UPDATED*
Block 1, Fiji 
Block 2, Melbourne, Australia

27 August 2019 *NEW*
DVFREE Workshop: Creating Effective Domestic Violence Policy & Procedures
27 - 28 August 2019  *UPDATED*
Tātou tātou e!: The value of relationships and building wellbeing 
1 - 4 September 2019
11 September 2019 
Responding effectively to victims of domestic violence
Shine Introductory Training 
Registration opens mid-June

8 - 9 October 2019 
Working with victims & offenders of domestic violence in multiple settings
Shine Advanced Training
21 - 24 October 2019 
SVRI Forum 2019 
Cape Town, South Africa
Kaohsiung, Taiwan

28 - 30 April 2020 *UPDATED*
National [United States] Conference on Health and Domestic Violence
Chicago, Illinois, United States 
Save the date. Call for abstracts closes 29 July 2019 (PST)

10-12 June 2020 *NEW*
Melbourne, Australia
Save the date