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What Causes Depression?

From Bowden McElroy, M.Ed.:  There is no single known cause of depression. Rather, it likely results from a combination of a number of factors. Psychology textbooks like to talk about "nature versus nurture": are people's problems the result of genetics and brain chemistry (nature) or the result of family environment, life experiences, and choices (nurture)? The truth is that nearly all of human experience is some combination of both.  (continue reading)




(Part 1)

From Joe James, Psy.D.: Unfortunately teenage suicide is relatively common. It is the 3rd leading cause of death among teenagers (White, 1999), with thoughts of suicide occurring in as many as 29% of teens, 19% having made a plan, and as many as 8% having attempted (Brener, Krug, Simon, 2000; Kandel, Raveis, & Davies, 1991). Dealing with teenage suicide can be very difficult because it is affected by many factors that can change quickly making prediction very, very difficult. Adults and parents tend to downplay self-destructive behavior stating "its normal", "I did the same thing when I was a kid", and "they don't mean it, they just want attention." This kind of thinking can be a big mistake (White, 1999). (continue reading)

What is the Difference Between Perfectionism and Anxiety

From Eric Clements, M.S.For purposes of simplicity, let's define anxiety as excessive worry that can result in fatigue, tension, difficulty sleeping and concentration problems. Anxiety can take a variety of forms, from generalized anxiety, which sticks with someone most of the day, to anxiety attacks, brief episodes that are extremely intense and often have physiological elements. Anxiety attacks can be so overwhelming, that they are frequently confused for a heart attack. (continue reading)


(Part 2)


From Joe James, Psy.D.: Chronic health problems or long-term personal issues often trigger adult suicide attempts. Teenage suicide attempts are often triggered by problems in relationships; especially significant "break ups" or major disruptions in relationships with close friends or family members. When relationships end it can be very difficult, even under the best of circumstances, so when your teenager looses their boyfriend or girlfriend it can be very traumatic, especially if they have emotionally invested a lot of themselves in the relationship. For many teenagers their relationship with their significant other is viewed as the "best thing that ever happened" to them. Consequently, when this relationship is lost you may need to treat it as such. This may be really hard to understand as an adult because so often we are tempted to see these relationships as "childish" or "just a phase." (continue reading)

Prepare banner Dr. Dale Doty will be hosting a Certification Training for the PREPARE/ENRICH tool on Friday October 3, 2014. This workshop is being offered specifically for pastors, pastoral or lay counselors, chaplains, marriage educators, and deacons or elders. Professional counselors & counselors-in-training are also welcome to attend. (continue reading)
Additional Resources



Check out some of our other articles about depression and anxiety:

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Bowden McElroy, M.Ed. on behalf of
Christian Family Institute

Our Staff includes:
Dale R. Doty, Ph.D.
William B. Berman, Ph.D.
G. Bowden McElroy, M.Ed.
Eric L. Clements, M.S. 
Timothy D. Doty, Psy.D.
Krista Caveny, M.A.
Jennifer Giles, M.S.
Chris Giles, M.S.
Amanda Harrington, Ph.D.  
Joseph James, Psy.D.