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A program of the Community Service Council
In This Issue
Detailed Statistics on Race
Environmental Quality
Flourishing from the Start
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Issue: #489

August 22, 2017  

The Census Information Center of Eastern Oklahoma, a program of the Community Service Council, provides access to data generated from the U.S. Census Bureau. 

New Detailed Statistics on Race, Hispanic Origin, Ancestry and Tribal Groups
The U.S. Census Bureau just released detailed statistics of social, economic, housing and demographic characteristics for hundreds of race, tribal, Hispanic origin and ancestry populations. These tables from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey   contain the most detail for these populations and are available at numerous geographic levels.
The tables released in July are:
  • The 2011-2015 American Community Survey American Indian and Alaska Native Tables.
  • The 2011-2015 American Community Survey Selected Population Tables.
Statistics show that 2.6 million residents identified as American Indian and Alaska Native  alone  in the United States in 2011-2015. Of this population, 13.8 percent of those age 25 and over had a bachelor's degree or higher, with 4.6 percent having a graduate or professional degree. Additionally, 748,647 American Indian and Alaska Native residents age 3 and over were enrolled in school, of which 43.5 percent were enrolled in elementary school (grades 1-8).

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Addressing Environmental Quality: A Healthy People 2020 Story from the Field

Exposure to secondhand smoke causes significant health problems in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), secondhand smoke harms both children and adults - and the only way to completely protect people who don't smoke is to eliminate smoking in all homes, work environments, and public places.

Mandy Burkett, Section Chief of the Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation Program at the Ohio Department of Health (ODH), says she knew the problem of secondhand smoke was an important one to address in her state. "State surveys show that there's a lot of secondhand smoke exposure in Ohio. Respondents to our 2013 Tobacco Survey reported that 3 in 10 adults were exposed to secondhand smoke in the past 7 days. And results from our 2013-2014 Ohio Youth Tobacco Survey showed that secondhand smoke exposure in the past 7 days was as high as 6 in 10 for children. It was clear that secondhand smoke exposure needed to be a priority for us."

Flourishing From the Start: What Is It and How Can It Be Measured?
Every parent wants their child to flourish, and every community wants its children to thrive. It is not sufficient for children to avoid negative outcomes. Rather, from their earliest years, we should foster positive outcomes for children. Substantial evidence indicates that early investments to foster positive child development can reap large and lasting gains.1 But in order to implement and sustain policies and programs that help children flourish, we need to accurately define, measure, and then monitor, "flourishing."

By comparing the available child development research literature with the data currently being collected by health researchers and other practitioners, we have identified important gaps in our definition of flourishing.2 In particular, the field lacks a set of brief, robust, and culturally sensitive measures of "thriving" constructs critical for young children.3 This is also true for measures of the promotive and protective factors that contribute to thriving. Even when measures do exist, there are serious concerns regarding their validity and utility.

Until Next Week,

Melanie Poulter
Census Information Center

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