The CPHI Digest
November 6th, 2018

CDC Deputy Director Anne Schuchat speaks at October CPHI Seminar

CDC Principal Deputy Director, Dr. Anne Schuchat, headlined our most recent CPHI Seminar on October 25th. With the 2018-2019 theme, The Year of Why, in mind, Dr. Schuchat talked to the crowd of 220 about why we need public health preparedness measures in place to combat infectious disease threats. She detailed recent outbreaks and pandemics, highlighting traits that contributed to their spread across communities, and lessons learned from each of those responses.
Penn students participate in 
PennDemic 2018

Penn MPH students participated in the inaugural PennDemic tabletop exercise - an interprofessional infectious disease outbreak simulation. Students from pharmacy, nursing, medicine, education, veterinary medicine, public health, social policy & social work, and biomedical science were placed on interdisciplinary teams and tasked with developing strategies to mitigate a complex, zoonotic infectious disease threat. Penn MPH student participant, Sara Ramirez, shared her experience on PennDemic:

"Look at it another way. Learn to be confident in your knowledge while being vulnerable to what you do not know. This is what the PennDemic simulation represented.

Many times, we forget being siloed into academic schools limits our ability to practice on working with people of varying expertise to reach a goal or respond to emergencies. PennDemic simulated how experts work together quickly and efficiently for emergencies to be controlled. Students from the schools of Pharmacy, Nursing, Medicine, Education, Veterinary Medicine health, and Biomedical science joined together to learn how to response to emergencies while learning to work with the various people involved.

As a MPH student, I immediately recognized the need to conduct contact tracing and develop a controlled, efficient communication strategy to lessen panicked public response. However, there were many instances where our team relied heavily on students from other disciplines to fill information gaps. We were all in this simulation together, and we had to adapt the way we thought of teamwork quickly in order to be successful. I had to relinquish any preconceived notions I had of the role each field would play, including my own field. Humility and respect became crucial, highlighting that our individual opinions and goals needed to be secondary to the team's response. We became a well-oiled machine after only a 15-minute introduction.

The PennDemic simulation did not just prepare us for emergency responses, it prepared us for working in the world with different disciplines."




Penn MPH students at PennDemic 2018
CPHI Events
Climate Change & Health:  The Hidden Threat

November 15th at 12:00pm-1:30pm

Amado Recital Hall at Irvine Auditorium (3401 Spruce St Philadelphia, PA 19104)

Keynote Speaker Judge Alice C Hill (Ret.), Former Senior Director for Resilience, National Security Council 

Panel discussion to follow

How is climate changing affecting us today and how will it impact our future? This talk will focus on the public health threats posed by climate change, including the rapid spread of vector-borne diseases, hazards of extreme temperatures, increased exposure to water-borne diseases and toxins, and the added stress to mental health. Judge Hill will discuss policies and promising solutions to address the growing threats both in the US and globally.

Alice C. Hill, JD is the former Special Assistant to President Barack Obama and Senior Director for Resilience for the National Security Council. Currently, Judge Hill is a Research Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution, where her work focuses on building resilience to destabilizing catastrophic events, including the impacts of climate change. Read more about Judge Hill here.

Panelists

Register for Community Driven Research Day!

CPHI Winter Institute on Qualitative Methods

The CPHI Winter Institute on Qualitative Methods will be January 8th-10th, 2019. For more information and to register, click here.



Register for the PRC's Tobacco Control Evidence Academy on November 16th


CPHI Senior and Associate Fellow 
Highlights and Publications 

CPHI Executive Director Jennifer Pinto-Martin and CPHI Senior Fellow Susan Levy and Associate Fellow Tanja Kral and colleagues collaborated on a study that found that children with autism spectrum disorder had higher odds for obesity compared to the general population. 


 

To read more, click here.


 


CPHI Senior Fellow Karen Glanz was invited to the Knowledge@Wharton radio show to speak with Wharton's Brian Berkey about how dietary changes could impact the overall health of the planet. The recent UN report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change provided impetus for the conversation. Glanz and Berkey talked about how climate change is negatively affecting food insecurity and how current dietary choices are simultaneously contributing to climate change. They also discussed how there would need to be a cultural shift away from current meat production practices that are so directly harmful to the environment. 
Click here to listen.
Caroline Ebby & Caroline Watts Awarded 2M National Science Foundation Grant
Caroline Brayer Ebby and CPHI Associate Fellow, Dr. Caroline Watts, GSE senior lecturer in the human development and quantitative methods division and director of school and community engagement, received $2,993,280 from the National Science Foundation for their four-year project "Building Sustainable Networked Instructional Leadership in Elementary Mathematics through a University Partnership with a Large Urban District."

To read more, click here
Compensation Behaviors and Skin Cancer Prevention

CPHI Associate Fellow Amy Bleakley and CPHI Senior Fellow Karen Glanz  and colleagues studied how skin cancer prevention behaviors may relate to compensation theory. Their study found that certain sun protective behaviors were rarely used in combination. The study also found that correlates like age were positively associated with sun protection strategies. 

To read more, click here

Mandatory health care provider counseling for parents led to a decline in vaccine exemptions in California

CPHI Senior Fellow Alison Buttenheim and colleagues analyzed data on vaccine exemptions for fifteen consecutive cohorts of kindergarteners in California from 2001-2016. The team found that after the state implemented a 2014 policy change that required health care provider counseling in order to receive a vaccine exemption, there was a modest decline in vaccine exemptions. While the policy reduced vaccine exemption rates, it did not uniformly reduce clustering of vaccine exemptions. 

To read more, click here.
Risk maps for cities: Incorporating streets into geostatistical models

CPHI Senior Fellow Michael Levy and colleagues describe a new methodology to map the risk of vector-borne disease spread, using Triatoma infestans, the Chagas disease vector as a model. In particular, the team incorporated the characteristics of an urban landscape into their model, increasing the distance of city streets to reflect how the vector travels between households. These risk maps could help inform vector control efforts. 

To read more, click here.

Nonfatal Gun Use in Intimate Partner Violence: A Systematic Review of the Literature

CPHI Senior Fellow Susan Sorenson and colleagues performed a systematic review to explore the prevalence of nonfatal gun use in intimate partner violence. This study revealed that approximately 4.5 million women have had an intimate partner  threaten them with a gun and nearly 1 million have been shot or shot at by their partner. This study highlights the effect of nonfatal gun use as another form of chronic and severe abuse. 

To read more, click here.

CPHI Senior Fellow Peter Cronholm and colleagues surveyed 139 family medicine clerkship directors about opioid overdose prevention education during clerkship-level medical education. The study found that there is a disparity between the perceived importance of opioid overdose prevention education and actual inclusion of the topic in clerkship-level education.


 

To read more, click here


 



CPHI Senior Fellow, Dominic Sisti and colleague discussed the need for intervention-based studies that reduce the incidence of suicide and the complications that result in facilitating such studies. The authors illustrated the risk and complexities of including actively suicidal individuals into such studies. They offered recommendations to solve to such complexities. 


 

To read more, click here


 


CPHI Senior Fellow Anne Teitelman and colleagues explored women's use and acceptance of a mobile health application, Everhealthier Women, through a qualitative study. The app is designed to provide women with easy access to preventive health information. The study revealed that women receiving WIC benefits found the app to be useful to search for health information and to set appointment reminders.  

To read more, click here


In a recent review of the theoretical and scientific literature, CPHI Senior Fellow Therese Richmond and a colleague framed firearm violence as a health and public health problem and identified relevant priority areas for nursing science. Their study highlighted the opportunity to reduce the burden of firearm violence and identified areas where nursing science can make an impact on prevention, outcomes, and recovery.

To read more, click here

CPHI Senior Fellow Robin Stevens, CPHI Associate Fellow Amy Bleakley, and colleagues explored the concept of the digital neighborhood and how Black and Hispanic youth are exposed to risk content in these #digitalhoods. The team sought to characterize how online, social media spaces influence health. Their study found that across social media platforms, Black and Hispanic youth reported high exposure to sexual, alcohol, drug, and violence related content, but that engagement with that content varied across a continuum. 



           
  To read more, click here
Other Public Health Events
College of Physicians Public Health Grand Rounds
College of Physicians at 19 S. 22nd St
 
Wednesday November 28 2018 @5:30pm-7:30pm
STDS and HIV in Philadelphia: At-Risk Populations and Prevention

Please send us news and events to include in this digest: cphi.upenn@gmail.com