Mershon Center for International Security Studies
October 19 , 2015
In This Issue
Congratulations
Daniel Sui
Social and Behavioral Sciences Distinguished Professor of Geography

Dakota Rudesill
Assistant Professor of Law
 
They are authors of a new study on the Internet's underworld. The paper, The Deep Web and the Darknet: A Look Inside the Internet's Massive Black Box, is published by the Woodrow Wilson Center's  Science and Technology Innovation Program. The policy brief outlines what the Deep Web and Darknet are, how they are accessed, and why we should care about them.
In the Media
Paul Beck
Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Social and Behavioral Sciences
 
"Can Kasich regain lost momentum?"
Columbus Dispatch
October 12, 2015
Richard Gunther
Professor Emeritus of Political Science
 
"Issue 1 goal: less politics in Ohio districting"
Columbus Dispatch
October 11, 2015

"Issue 1 tackles Ohio gerrymandering"
Oberlin Review
October 17, 2015
John Mueller
Senior Research Scientist
 
"Congressman John Duncan (R-Tenn.) cites John Mueller's book Overblown  at the Oversight & Government Reform hearing"
CATO Institute
September 17, 2015
About Mershon Memo
Mershon Memo is a weekly e-mail newsletter distributed by the Mershon Center for International Security Studies, a unit of the Office of International Affairs at The Ohio State University.
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Mershon Events
Tuesday, October 20, 2015

Sarah Snyder
Noon, 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.

Sarah Snyder Sarah Snyder is assistant professor of history at American University, where she specializes in the history of the Cold War, human rights activism, and U.S. human rights policy. Her first book, Human Rights Activism and the End of the Cold War: A Transnational History of the Helsinki Network (Cambridge, 2012), analyzes the development of a transnational network devoted to human rights advocacy and its contributions at the end of the Cold War. Her second book, Dictators, Diplomats, and Dissidents: United States Human Rights Policy in the Long 1960s (Columbia, forthcoming), explores the development of U.S. human rights policy during the 1960s. Read more and register at go.osu.edu/snydersarah
Thursday, October 22, 2015

Gary King
3:30 p.m., 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.

Gary King Gary King is the Albert J. Weatherhead III University Professor at Harvard University, one of 24 with the title of University Professor, Harvard's most distinguished faculty position. He is based in the Department of Government and serves as director of the Institute for Qualitative Social Science. King develops and applies empirical methods in many areas of social science research, focusing innovations that span the range from statistical theory to practical application. His more than 150 journal articles, 20 open source software packages, and eight books span most aspects of political methodology, many fields of political science, and several other scholarly disciplines. King's work is widely read across scholarly fields beyond academia. In this event, King  will discuss the footprint left by Chinese censorship of social media. Read more and register at go.osu.edu/kingg
Tuesday, October 27, 2015

Olga Kamenchuk
Noon, 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.

Olga Kamenchuk Olga Kamenchuk is director of international studies at VCIOM (Russian Public Opinion Research Center), the leading opinion polling company in the post-Soviet area. She has headed over 100 opinion research projects for such institutions as the European Commission, United Nations Development Program, Cambridge University, Annenberg School for Communication, Bloomberg, Thomson Reuters, and Asahi Shimbun. In this presentation, she will discuss why a majority of Russians have gone from regarding the United States as a friend 25 years ago to an enemy today. Kamenchuk is head of the Department of Sociology of Mass Communication at Moscow State University of International Relations and teaches political psychology, applied sociological analysis, and sociology of mass media. Read more and register at go.osu.edu/kamenchuko
Thursday, October 29, 2015

Raymond "Bud" Duvall
3:30 p.m., 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.

Raymond Duvall Raymond "Bud" Duvall is Morse-Alumni Distinguished Teaching Professor of Political Science at University of Minnesota. Among his publications are Power in Global Governance (Cambridge, 2005, co-edited with Michael Barnett) and Cultures of Insecurity: States, Communities, and the Production of Danger (Minnesota, 1999, co-edited with Jutta Weldes, Mark Laffey and Hugh Gusterson). In this talk, Duvall will address a newly emerging conceptualization of war in which humans are largely removed from direct participation on the battlefield through the use of drones, battlefield robotics, cyber warfare, and the weaponization of orbital space.  Duvall asks how this type of war affects the principle of territorial state sovereignty, which is the foundation of the nation-state system. Read more and register at go.osu.edu/duvallr
Monday, November 2, 2015

Cardinal Peter Turkson
7 p.m., Mershon Auditorium, 1871 N. High St.
Part of the OSU COMPAS on Sustainability

Cardinal Peter Turkson Cardinal Peter Turkson, one of the primary contributors to Pope Francis's environment encyclical, Praise Be to You (Laudato Si'): On Care for our Common Home, will contribute to the worldwide dialog on the relation of humans to the natural world that has been sparked by Pope Francis's encyclical. Cardinal Turkson's talk will be followed by a fireside chat with Ohio State's President Drake. Turkson has become the face of climate change at the Vatican, having led the drafting process of Pope Francis' encyclical on the environment. The purpose of encyclical is to elevate the debate on the moral dimensions of protecting the environment and to highlight the intrinsic connection between respect for the environment and respect for people. Turkson's visit to Ohio State is part of a four-day stay in Columbus. Read more and register
Friday, November 6, 2015

Ryan Irwin
Noon, 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.

Ryan Irwin Ryan Irwin is assistant professor at State University of New York-Albany. His first book was Gordian Knot: Apartheid and the Unmaking of the Liberal World Order (Oxford, 2012), and he is currently completing two new book projects. The first is a collective biography -- focused on Dean Acheson, Felix Frankfurter, Harold Laski, and Walter Lippmann -- that explores the growth and meaning of American liberal internationalism during the mid-20th century. The second book project looks at six moments when the United States tried to reorganize world affairs in the 20th century. In this talk, Irwin will disucss how a generation of U.S. elites debated the instruments and purpose of global governance in four historical moments from World War I to the 1990s. Read more and register at go.osu.edu/irwinr
Mershon News
Cullather examined history of CIA in March lecture
 
Nick Cullather Nick Cullather, professor of history at Indiana University-Bloomington, spoke about "Central Intelligence before the CIA" on March 2, 2015, at the Mershon Center for International Security Studies. 

Cullather is a historian of United States foreign relations specializing in the history of intelligence, development, and nation-building. His most recent book, The Hungry World (2010), explores the use of food as a tool of psychological warfare and regime change during the Cold War. 

His first book, Illusions of Influence (1994), described the process through which a former American colony negotiated its conditional independence. In the 1950s, the Central Intelligence Agency developed a capacity to replace unsuitable governments, elected or otherwise, as he shows in Secret History (2006). 

Cullather's current book project, "First Line of Defense," investigates the early history of the CIA, asking why a country so committed to pluralism and the marketplace of ideas staked its security on the novel notion of central intelligence.   See video of this event
Other Events
Monday, October 19, 2015

Mark Janse 
"The Reawakening of an 'Extinct' Language: The Case of Cappadocia Greek"
4 p.m., 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.
Sponsored by Mershon Research Network in Cultural Resilience

Mark Janse The Cappadocian variety of Greek, spoken in Asia Minor until the population exchanges between Greek and Turkey in the 1920s, has been of considerable interest to Hellenists and linguists more generally because of the intense contact it underwent with Turkish and the effects that this contact had on the language. After the 1920s, it was believed to be extinct, absorbed into the Greek communities of mainland Greece. Within the past 15 years, however, enclaves of Cappadocian speakers have been discovered in Greece, and Mark Janse, who had studied Cappadocian for years thinking it extinct, has been at the forefront of this discovery and of the study of the reemergence of Cappadocian. He will talk about his involvement with Cappadocian and then screen an award-winning film about his discovery and about the language, " Last Words," by Koert Davidse. Read more
Thursday, October 22, 2015

Klaas van der Tempel and Martijn Steger 
"U.S.-Europe Relations: Trade and the Refugee Crisis"
11:30 a.m., WOSU@COSI, 333 W. Broad St.
Sponsored by Columbus Council on World Affairs

Klaas van der Tempel The United States and European Union together represent 50 percent of the world's gross domestic product, yet no trade deal exists between them. Why? Diplomats from both sides of the Atlantic remain in negotiation on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). The main goal of TTIP is to cut tariff and regulatory barriers to trade, the implications of which will affect business in America's heartland. However, more than 2 million people in Europe have signed a petition opposing the agreement. Additionally, the United States and European Union are currently facing the most significant refugee crisis of our generation stemming from Syria but with roots in Ukraine last year. Klaas van der Tempel (left), consul general of the Netherlands, will discuss these unprecedented challenges with Martijn Steger, chair of Kegler Brown's Global Business practice. Read more and register
Thursday, October 22, 2015

Francis Cody
"Literacy Activism and the Politics of Writing in India"
4 p.m., 311 Denney Hall, 164 W. 17th Ave.
Sponsored by LiteracyStudies@OSU

Francis Cody Francis Cody is associate professor of anthropology and Asian studies at University of Toronto. His research focuses on written language and the social dynamics of collective political action in southern India. In his first project, he brought these interests to bear on a study of literacy activism, citizenship, and social movement politics in rural Tamilnadu. His second project is centered on the daily newspaper market, and it traces the emergence of populist politics through print-mediated publicity in Tamil cities and small towns. Cody has been working on Tamilnadu in southern India for over a decade now. His first book, The Light of Knowledge: Literacy Activism and the Politics of Writing in South India (2013) was awarded the Edward Sapir Book Prize (Society for Linguistic Anthropology). Read more
Thursday, October 22, 2015

Sally Promey
"Religion in Plain View: The Public Aesthetics of American Belief"
4:30 p.m., 165 Thompson Library, 1858 Neil Ave. Mall
Sponsored by Center for the Study of Religion

Sally Promey is professor of American studies and religious studies at Yale University, and professor of religion and visual culture and deputy director in the Yale Institute of Sacred Music. Her current book projects include "Religion in Plain View: The Public Aesthetics of American Belief" (about which she will speak) and "Written on the Heart: Sensory Cultures, Material Practices, and American Christianities." Most recently, she is editor of Sensational Religion: Sensory Cultures in Material Practice (Yale, 2014); and coeditor, with Leigh Eric Schmidt, of American Religious Liberalism (Indiana, 2012). In this talk, she will show how religion permeates the American public landscape, analyzing the contexts and attributes of this visible saturation in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.  Read more
Monday, October 26, 2015

Panel Discussion
12:30 p.m., 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.
Sponsored by Center for Slavic and East European Studies

Yana HashamovaOver the past weeks, the world has observed dramatic scenes of desperate people trying to reach Europe by embarking on flimsy boats in Turkey and Greece, crossing barbed wire fences in Bulgaria and Hungary, catching rides in overcrowded trains in Macedonia, and sleeping in public squares in Serbia and elsewhere. Locals are divided; while some greet the refugees with water, blankets, and toys, others utter ugly words, emphasize their own economic vulnerability, or simply turn their eyes away. This discussion will focus on the difference between local and national media representations of the refugee crisis in Europe and how they vary from country to country, as well as the role of human trafficking. Panelists include Yana Hashamova (left), chair, Department of Slavic and East European Languages and Cultures (co-sponsor); Theodora Dragostinova, associate professor, Department of History (co-sponsor); and Jessie Labov, associate professor, Department of Slavic and East European Languages and Cultures. Read more at go.osu.edu/refugeecrisis
Thursday, October 29, 2015

Tania Murray Li
3:30 p.m., 1080 Derby Hall154 N. Oval Mall
Sponsored by Department of Geography

Tania Murray Li Tania Murray Li is professor of anthropology at University of Toronto, where she holds the Canada Research Chair in the Political Economy and Culture of Asia. Her publications include Land's End: Capitalist Relations on an Indigenous Frontier (Duke, 2014), Powers of Exclusion: Land Dilemmas in Southeast Asia (with Derek Hall and Philip Hirsch, NUS Press, 2011), T he Will to Improve: Governmentality, Development, and the Practice of Politics (Duke, 2007) and many articles on land, development, resource struggles, community, class, and indigeneity with a focus on Indonesia. In this talk, Li will draw on two decades of ethnographic research in Sulawesi, Indonesia, to offer an intimate account of the emergence of capitalist relations among indigenous highlanders who privatized their common land to plant a global market crop, cacao. Some prospered; others lost their land. The story has potent messages for social movement activists, who expect indigenous people to be guardians of community, tradition, and food production. It also interrupts transition narratives in which people who lose their land march off to find jobs. When jobs are scarce, land's end is a dead end, from which a different politics must emerge.
Thursday, November 5, 2015

Panel Discussion
4 p.m., 120 Mershon Center, 1501 Neil Ave.
Part of the Hydropolitics Lecture Series

Cornelia Flora Climate change poses major challenges to local communities throughout the world as to how best to adapt and innovate. This panel draws on a team of experts that have done community-level climate adaptation research in multiple ecological settings in North America, Latin America and Southeast Asia to identify methods that can work for successful adaptation. Panelists include Cornelia Flora (left), Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Iowa State University; C.K. Shum, Distinguished University Scholar, School of Earth Sciences, at The Ohio State University; and Mary Emery, head of the Department of Sociology and Rural Studies at South Dakota State University. It will be moderated by Craig Jenkins, professor of sociology, political science and environmental science at Ohio State. Read more and register at go.osu.edu/watersecurity
Other News
'Origins' looks at secular roots of conflict in Iraq

Origins has published its new article: " The Secular Roots of a Religious Divide in Contemporary Iraq," by Stacy E. Holden.

In 1991, explaining why it would have been a mistake to invade Baghdad after the Gulf War, Dick Cheney warned that removing Saddam Hussein would have inflamed ancient tensions between Sunnis and Shi'i. His fears were realized 15 years later when Iraq descended into a civil war from which it has not recovered. Journalists, commentators, and policy makers usually refer to this religious conflict as intractable with origins that date back over 1000 years.

But as historian Stacy E. Holden writes this month, the real source of the region's conflicts are more recent and more secular. They can be traced to the political patterns and preferences of the Ottoman empire. And, over the 100 years since the end of Ottoman control in Iraq, those same power dynamics have continued to dominate the region through British imperialists, Baath-party power, and the U.S. occupation. The whole article can be found at http://origins.osu.edu.

About Origins: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective is a monthly ad-free magazine that features top scholars on today's most pressing topics. Published by The Ohio State History Department, its authors include National Book Award winners and world-renowned scholars. You can also explore reviews of popular history books on the Origins website as well as the new monthly feature Milestones.
Mysteries in Ice exhibit opens in Thompson Library

Mysteries in Ice, a celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center Archival Program, will be in the Thompson Library Gallery, 1858 Neil Ave. Mall, from Oct. 5 to Jan. 3.  The historical collections of the Polar Archives are featured along with contemporary items that represent current exploration in ice-covered regions. This exhibit addresses daily life in harsh environments, including lodging and food, as well as the communication of scientific concepts in media and pop culture.

Inside the galleries, visitors can try on gear worn in Antarctica, view an ice core from China or hold rock samples from remote regions. Documents, artifacts and imagery highlight The Ohio State University's contribution to our understanding of Earth's changing climate.

For more information visit the Thompson Library or contact Larry Allen with the University Libraries at (614) 292-8999 or allen.916@osu.edu.
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