Walter Gropius, although born in Germany, lived and worked in Boston for much of his life. The architect and artist is considered the founder of the Bauhaus movement.
Walter Gropius believed that all design should be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. His Bauhaus school pioneered a functional, severely simple architectural style, featuring the elimination of surface decoration and extensive use of glass. Perhaps more importantly, Bauhaus was an integration of the arts—that architecture should be studied along with other arts (e.g., painting) and crafts (e.g., furniture making). His "artist's statement" was set forth in the Manifesto of April 1919:
"Let us strive for, conceive and create the new building of the future that will unite every discipline, architecture and sculpture and painting, and which will one day rise heavenwards from the million hands of craftsmen as a clear symbol of a new belief to come."