May 10, 2018
Today is the Feast of the Ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ ( Hambardzoum ), which is commemorated forty days after Easter. The universal church has celebrated the Ascension since the fourth century. According to biblical scripture the Ascension took place in the village of Bethany, on the Mount of Olives, in the presence of the disciples. After giving them commandments and blessings, the Lord was “received up into heaven and sat on the right hand of God,” (Mark 16:19), and “a cloud received him out of their sight.” (Acts 1:9). The Gospels of Mark and Luke conclude with the Ascension.

In the early centuries of Christianity, Hambardzoum was one of the most popular feast days for the faithful and was celebrated with merriment and festivities. There are many Armenian traditions associated with this dominical feast. Perhaps the most well-known is fortune-telling ( vijakakhakh ), especially for young women anticipating their future as memorably portrayed in the Armenian opera Anoush .

“Today he ascended with divine power on the Father’s chariot accompanied by hosts of angels who sang and cried out: Princes, lift up your gates, and the King of glory shall come in. The powers on high were amazed and in fearful voice cried out to each other: Who is this King of glory who comes in flesh and is wonderful in power? Princes, lift up your gates and the King of glory shall come in. The lordships on high sang a new song in marvelous voice: This is the Lord of glory, the Savior of the world and the deliverer of the human race. Princes, lift up your gates, and the King of glory shall come in.”  (Canon for the Ascension of Christ, according to the Liturgical Canons of the Armenian Church.)



The Eastern Prelacy’s National Representative Assembly (NRA) convened in North Andover, Massachusetts, this morning. The Clergy conference began yesterday. This year’s assembly is being hosted by St. Gregory Church of Merrimack Valley in North Andover, Massachusetts. Concurrent with the Assembly, the conferences of the National Association of Ladies Guilds (NALG) and conference of Yeretzgeens also convened.

In his keynote address Archbishop Oshagan thanked the host community and praised their dedication. He reminded the delegates and guests, “Twenty years ago, by the election and invitation of the Prelacy of the Eastern United States and Canada, I assumed my office as Prelate and after being re-elected for five terms, now today, other priorities become reason for me to stand before this honorable assembly and submit my resignation from my religious and administrative duties, with my best wishes for the continued success for the Prelacy’s mission and service.”

His Eminence acknowledged the important progress made during the tenure of his predecessor Archbishop Mesrob Ashjian, of blessed memory. “The fruit of his all-grateful dedication was taking the Prelacy, together with its communities, from a modest condition into newer and newer accomplishments.”

Speaking about the progress during his tenure Archbishop Oshagan said, “The most noteworthy work that I accomplished, with the support of the Executive Council, was the preparation of clergy. Our clergy ranks were facing serious concerns and needs. It was essential to have capable individuals with western values who could meet the needs of our Church and faithful.”

The Prelate then spoke about recent successful initiatives noting “let the work speak for itself.” Modestly he attributed the success “to our collective efforts that were made with sacrifice and faithfulness to principles, by the people and the diligent work of the administration, staff, and especially the dedication and loyalty of our people. And the failures, that were for sure unwilling, can be attributed to me and my short-sightedness for not seeing the questions exactly or clearly. However, I know very well, it is only the industrious person who makes mistakes or errors. Our collective memory must not lament when we look back. On the contrary, when we look back it must stimulate our abilities for new accomplishments,” Archbishop Oshagan said.

His Eminence ended with words of heartfelt thanks. “I feel it my heartfelt duty to extend my sincere thanks to all, without exception: to the Prelacy’s Vicar, to our Clergy, to my Assembly co-workers, to the Prelacy staff, benefactors, to all our compatriots of the church and nation. I beseech all of you to be With each other and for each other.  I end with the farewell words of our Lord Jesus Christ. ‘Love each other. Love our Church, our Fatherland, and People.’ ”

Read the full address in Armenian or English .

His Holiness Aram I, Catholicos of the Holy See of Cilicia, has requested that the election of a new prelate be postponed until September 2018, and has asked His Eminence Archbishop Oshagan to continue serving as Prelate of the Eastern Prelacy until the election that is scheduled to take place on September 22, 2018 at a special Assembly.

Jack Mardoian, chairman of the Executive Council, made the announcement today, and after discussion the delegates unanimously agreed to accept His Holiness' request. 

TWENTY YEARS AGO : Hrashapar Services at St. Illuminator Cathedral in New York on June 9, 1998, upon the arrival of the newly elected Prelate of the Eastern United States and Canada. From left, the newly-elected Prelate, Bishop Oshagan Choloyan; Bishop Khajag Hagopian, Vicar of Canada; Deacon Krikor Lakissian (now Rev. Fr. Mesrob); Rev. Fr. Khatchadour Boghossian, pastor of Sts. Vartanantz Church (NJ); Rev. Fr. Armen Ishkanian, Pastor of Sourp Hagop Church, Montreal; Very Rev. Fr. Shahe Panossian, pastor of St. Mary Church, Toronto (now Archbishop Shahe, Prelate of Lebanon).

His Holiness Aram I, Catholicos of the Holy See of the Great House of Cilicia, sent a message of congratulations following the election today of Nikol Pashinyan as Armenia’s Prime Minister. He reminded the Prime Minister that being the people’s representative is a great honor and at the same time a heavy duty. His Holiness said that expectations are to fulfill the promises for ethical values and human rights and a new era of a working relationship between Armenia and the Diaspora.

His Holiness also issued the following comments under the title “Armenia: A Model of Social Transformation.”

A brief comment by H.H. Aram I

What happened recently in Armenia was a first step in social transformation. In fact, the people rose against the widening gap between haves and have-nots, the growing corruption, and the dominance of injustice in all aspects and spheres of life in the country. Struggle for social injustice has been at the heart of all major revolutions of history. When people's power is suppressed, when accountability and transparency become slogans, when state-run institutions do not respond to the needs and expectations of people, when the arrogance of power in all its forms and expressions establishes its firm control over the people, the people react and act.
The people of Armenia have reacted to this humiliation and dehumanization with non-violence. Now that social transformation in Armenia has begun, it is the time for action and critical and realistic assessment. Action must now move from the streets to the political arena. The initial phase of the process requires courage, wisdom and vision. This is a new hope and a unique opportunity, but only if the transformation process is genuinely owned by and responsive to the needs of the people.
The new government at this crucial point must be one of national unity. If it is to counter the corruption of the past, it should immediately and seriously address economic injustice; it must also monitor closely the developments regarding Karabagh and the geopolitical landscape of the Caucasus, which remains an extremely fragile region; it must maintain Armenia’s international relations and engagements, and give new quality and focus to Armenia-Diaspora collaboration. These major challenges must be faced with profound sense of responsibility and firm commitment.
This peaceful social transformation confers on the holders of power the responsibility to remake the nation. They must not betray the Armenian youth, who were the driving force of this movement. The rule of law should remain above all. The impulse of this movement to serve the people should be based on ethical values. Future action must embrace all the people and must be implemented as a people-oriented process sustained by a solid strategy and a clear vision.

His Holiness Aram I, Catholicos of the Holy See of Cilicia announced plans for an intensive summer course on the “Armenian Church; Historical and Contemporary Issues and Challenges,” for young adults, ages 18 to 30. The course will take place starting August 10 and ending on August 24. All lectures will be in English and will take place at the Armenian Theological Seminary at St. Mary Monastery, Bikfaya, Lebanon. The two-week program will include participation in the Feast of St. Mary’s Assumption, an intimate encounter with His Holiness, Q&A Roundtable, and Sightseeing.

Deadline for application is May 31. For information contact the Prelacy by email ( ) or telephone (212-689-7810).

Dr. Helen C. Evans, curator of the forthcoming Armenia! Exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, spoke about the exhibit last Friday evening at the Prelacy offices in New York. Dr. Evans is the Mary and Michael Jaharis Curator of Byzantine Art at New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art, one of the world’s top museums. The exhibit will open on September 21, 2018, and continue through to January 13, 2019. The exhibition—the first at the Met dedicated solely to Armenia—will present Armenian art of the 4 th to 17 th centuries, displaying 140 works from around the world.

Dr. Evans provided insight about the importance and significance of Armenian art. She noted that for a small country the contributions to art are extraordinary. A PowerPoint presentation displayed some of the pieces in the exhibit. She also provided information about the procedure for procuring loans from museums around the world and from private collections. A lively Q&A concluded the lecture. The Prelacy’s Vahakn and Hasmig Hovnanian reception hall was filled to capacity. Archbishop Oshagan spoke after the lecture to thank Dr. Evans for her years of devotion to the Armenian heritage. On this occasion His Eminence presented her with the Queen Zabel award, one of the Eastern Prelacy’s high awards in appreciation of her devotion to Armenian culture. He also presented her with a bronze Armenian cross engraved with her name and date of the presentation, and a Mont Blanc pen. A reception ended the evening as attendees continued discussions with Dr. Evans.

The First Republic of Armenia Centennial Conference will take place this weekend in New York, May 11-12. Sponsored by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation Eastern Region and co-sponsored by NAASR, The Armenian Review, and the Columbia University Armenian Students’ Association, the conference is bringing together an impressive gathering of noted historians and speaker from around the globe. To read the full press release with details about the panels, speakers, and topics CLICK HERE.

On May 5-6, 2018, Dr. Vartan Matiossian, ANEC Director, visited Los Angeles, where he participated in the conference “Armenian Statehood Reborn: Achievements and Reflections,” held at California State University at Northridge (CSUN) and organized by the Central Committee of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation-Western Region with the collaboration of the Armenian Studies Program of CSUN. Fifteen scholars from the United States, Armenia, and Argentina participated. Dr. Matiossian presented an illustrated paper entitled “From the Mountain to the Lake: The Ships of the Republic and Gostan Zarian.”

A Note about the Readings:  Beginning on Monday April 9 and continuing until Pentecost (May 20) each day the four Gospels are read in the following order: 1) Morning—Luke; 2) Midday—John; 3) Evening—Matthew; 4) Evening dismissal—Mark. By Pentecost the four gospels are read up to the passion narratives.

Bible readings for Sunday, May 13, Second Palm Sunday , are: (1) Luke 19:29-48; (2) Acts 23:12-35; 1 John 5:13-21; John 12:12-23; (3) Matthew 20:29-21:17; (4) Mark 15:20-37.

In the morning the Jews joined in a conspiracy and bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink until they had killed Paul. There were more than forty who joined in this conspiracy. They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have strictly bound ourselves by an oath to taste no food until we have killed Paul. Now then, you and the council must notify the tribune to bring him down to you, on the pretext that you want to make a more thorough examination of his case. And we are ready to do away with him before he arrives.”

Now the son of Paul’s sister heard about the ambush; so he went and gained entrance to the barracks and told Paul. Paul called one of the centurions and said, “Take this young man to the tribune, for he has something to report to him.” So he took him, brought him to the tribune, and said, “The prisoner Paul called me and asked me to bring this young man to you; he has something to tell you.” The tribune took him by the hand, drew him aside privately, and asked, “What is it that you have to report to me?” He answered, “The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the council tomorrow, as though they were going to inquire more thoroughly into his case. But do not be persuaded by them, for more than forty of their men are lying in ambush for him. They have bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink until they kill him. They are ready now and are waiting for your consent. So the tribune dismissed the young man, ordering him, “Tell no one that you have informed me of this.”

Then he summoned two of the centurions and said, “Get ready to leave by nine o’clock tonight for Caesarea with two hundred soldiers, seventy horsemen, and two hundred spearmen. Also provide mounts for Paul to ride, and take him safely to Felix the governor.” He wrote a letter to this effect:

“Claudius Lysias to his Excellency the governor Felix, greetings. This man was seized by the Jews and was about to be killed by them, but when I had learned that he was a Roman citizen, I came with the guard and rescued him. Since I wanted to know the charge for which they accused him, I had him brought to their council. I found that he was accused concerning questions of their law, but was charged with nothing deserving death or imprisonment. When I was informed that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you at once, ordering his accusers also to state before you what they have against him.”

So the soldiers, according to their instructions, took Paul and brought him during the night to Antipatris. The next day they let the horsemen go on with him, while they returned to the barracks. When they came to Caesarea and delivered the letter to the governor, they presented Paul also before him. On reading the letter, he asked what province he belonged to, and when he learned that he was from Cilicia, he said, “I will give you a hearing when your accusers arrive.” Then he ordered that he be kept under guard in Herod’s headquarters. (Acts 23:12-35)


When he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the place called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying, “Go into the village ahead of you, and as you enter it you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden. Untie it and bring it here. If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ just say this, “The Lord needs it.’” So those who were sent departed and found it as he had told them. As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?” They said, “The Lord needs it.” Then they brought it to Jesus; and after throwing their cloaks on the colt, they set Jesus on it. As he rode along, people kept spreading their cloaks on the road. As he was now approaching the path down from the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the deeds of power that they had seen, saying, “Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest heaven!” Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, order your disciples to stop.” He answered, “I tell you, if these were silent, the stones would shout out.”

As he came near and saw the city, he wept over it, saying, “If you, even you, had only recognized on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. Indeed, the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up ramparts around you and surround you, and hem you in on every side. They will crush you to the ground, you and your children within you, and they will not leave within you one stone upon another; because you did not recognize the time of your visitation from God.”

Then he entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling things there; and he said, “It is written, ‘My house shall be a house of prayer’; but you have made it a den of robbers.”

Every day he was teaching in the temple. The chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people kept looking for a way to kill him; but they did not find anything they could do, for all the people were spellbound by what they heard. (Luke 19:29-48)

For a listing of the coming week’s Bible readings click here.

This Sunday (May 13) is Second Palm Sunday ( Yerkrort Tzaghkazard ). The seventh Sunday of Easter is called Second Palm Sunday because of the readings of that day (the readings and hymns of Palm Sunday are repeated). Beginning with New Sunday and continuing until Pentecost, the Armenian Church reads from the four Gospels every day in their proper order. Luke is read in the morning; John at midday; Matthew at the beginning of the evening hour; and Mark at the end of the evening hour. The sections related to Christ’s entry into Jerusalem coincide with the seventh Sunday of Easter, hence the designation of “Second Palm Sunday.”

There are several feast days in our liturgical calendar dedicated to St. Gregory the Illuminator, but according to tradition he is also remembered on the fourth day of Hambardzoum , which is Second Palm Sunday. During the years of Gregory’s imprisonment in the deep pit his guardian angel would appear daily to give him nourishment. On the fourth day of the Ascension the angel did not come, and the next day Gregory asked why. The angel told him that the fourth day of Ascension is the feast day for his celestial army of the 4 th rank, and he was permitted to remain in the heavens to celebrate the feast day and enjoy Christ in heaven.

A tradition has come down to us concerning the mysterious meaning of this great and wonderful feast; the Enlightener of our souls heard from his guardian angel: On this day there is a great feast in the heavens in my rank. For during the ascent of the heavenly One from earth the heavenly spirits in their ranks celebrated this event with rejoicing, beginning with the angels and concluding with the thrones. The illuminator’s guardian angel being from the fourth rank hastened to share in the joyful celebration of which the angel in the flesh learned when he asked him a question. This great mystery took place for the salvation of the logical of angels and mankind so that both of them might unite in one.
(From the Liturgical Canons of the Armenian Church for the first Sunday after Christ’s Ascension, known as Second Palm Sunday)
Plans are underway for the 32 nd annual St. Gregory of Datev Institute Summer Program, a unique Armenian Christian educational program for youth ages 13-18 to enrich their knowledge of the Christian faith in a wholesome and nurturing environment, with recreational activities and daily church services.

Sponsored by the Armenian Religious Education Council (AREC), the Program is scheduled to be held at the St. Mary of Providence Center in Elverson, Pennsylvania, from July 1-8, 2018. 

For information and registration click here.

Death of Keri (May 15, 1916)
Keri, a veteran leader of the Armenian liberation movement at the turn of the twentieth century, became also a prominent military figure in the last years of his life.

He was born Arshak Kavafian in 1858 in Erzerum, where he graduated from the local Armenian school. He was twenty-four when he entered the short lived self-defense organization “Defender of the Homeland,” founded in 1882. He adopted the pseudonym Keri, meaning “uncle.” He went to Kaghezvan, in the province of Kars (under Russian rule), in 1889 and unsuccessfully tried twice, in 1889-1890, to cross the Russian-Turkish border into Western Armenia with groups of fedayees. He became a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation soon after its foundation in 1890, and was active in the region of Kars from 1891-1892. In 1893 he finally was able to go to Erzerum with a group of freedom fighters, and in 1895 he led an armed group that protected the locals and the prelate during the Hamidian massacres.

In the early 1900s Keri was back in Kars under the command of the local A.R.F. committee. In 1903 he moved to the region of Sasun and participated in the Sasun uprising of 1904. After its defeat, he went to the region of Van and back to Eastern Armenian in 1905.

During the Armeno-Tatar conflict of 1905-1906, Keri was one of the leaders of the self-defense I in the region of Zangezur (Siunik), where he mostly fought in the front of Angeghagot. Afterwards, with fifteen years of fighting experience in both Ottoman and Russian empires, he went to Persia, where he fought alongside Yeprem Khan, one of the leaders of the Persian Constitutional Revolution, from 1908-1912. Yeprem was killed in battle in May 1912 and Kavafian had his killers liquidated, taking the leadership of the Caucasian troops until the end of the conflict late that year. 

After the declaration of World War I, Keri joined the Armenian volunteer movement attached to the Russian army as the commander of the fourth battalion in 1914. He led his battalion in the battle of Sarikamish, between the Ottoman and Russian armies, in late 1914-early 1915. The courage of the Armenian soldiers and Keri’s military genius was crucial in the Russian victory.
Keri's career came to an end on May 15, 1916, when he was on his way to Mosul. Surrounded by Turkish troops and separated from a Russian detachment, Keri led the charge of his soldiers in the middle of the night and was able to break the Turkish encirclement, but he was killed in the battle. His body was transferred to Tiflis and buried in the Armenian cemetery of Khojivank, along two other freedom fighters, Nikol Duman (1867-1914) and Mourad of Sepastia (1874-1918). A procession of 30,000 people participated in the burial. However, the cemetery was mostly leveled during Soviet times, and Keri’s tomb also disappeared. 


The crisis in Syria requires our financial assistance.
Please keep this community in your prayers, your hearts, and your pocketbooks.





Armenian Prelacy
138 E. 39th Street
New York, NY 10016
Checks payable to: Armenian Apostolic Church of America
(Memo: Syrian Armenian Relief)

Thank you for your help.
(Prepared by Armenian National Education Committee)
There are people who are in favor of e volutionary change, while others are prone to re volutionary change. After years of waiting for an “evolutionary” change that never arrived, the citizens of Armenia spoke up and the recent political upheaval became the “Velvet Revolution,” an exemplary series of peaceful demonstrations that led to the change of government and a new atmosphere of freedom and hope.

In English, the difference of one letter in the pair “revolution”-“evolution” indicates their common source, as well as their common meaning. The former originates from Latin revolutio, meaning “the act of revolving, rolling” and the latter, from Latin evolutio “unrolling.” 

Their Armenian counterparts, curiously, are also separated by one letter. We have two different pairs:

Revolution                                                     Evolution

յեղափոխութիւն ( heghapokhootioon )         եղափոխութիւն (yeghapokhootioon )

յեղաշրջում ( heghashurchoom )         եղաշրջում ( yeghashurchoom )

(Additionally, we have a third word for “evolution”: բնաշրջում / punashurchoom )

The Armenian pair, however, is a compound word: hegh + pokh + ootioon (suffix) and yegh + pokh + ootioon. It should be noted that the letter յ sounded “y” in Classical Armenian, and ե sound “e”; then, it was originally yeghapokhootioon and eghapokhootioon.

Interestingly, enough, while the English pair revolves (pun intended) around the concept of rolling, the Armenian pair derives from a Proto-Indo-European root, *g’el, meaning “to turn.” However, they modified their meaning over time, which became “change,” exactly the concept behind both revolution and evolution. Both hegh and yegh are primary and secondary forms of the same root, and, thus, the words are formed by a duplication of the same meaning, since pokh is the root of the verb փոխել ( pokhel ) “change.”

To sum up, people in Armenia were not simply asking to turn around the same tune, but… to change the tune.

In this week's Prelacy Reflection, Der  Nerses Manoogian  of  St. Gregory the Illuminator Armenian Apostolic Church of Philadelphia, PA delivers his perspective on the Gospel Reading for this past Sunday, the last Sunday of the Easter Season.

“Throughout our history, mothers have become not only a role model for the Armenian people, reflecting the sacred spiritual, moral, and national values and virtues. . .not only the steady pillar of the family and the dedicated educator of her children, but also a person deserving the utmost respect for her committed participation in the sacred mission of protecting and defending the Christian faith, and strengthening the nation and homeland by her exemplary behavior, solid attitude, and infinite sacrifices in the most crucial moments of our history.”
His Holiness Aram I
Catholicos of the Holy See of the Great House of Cilicia

SIAMANTO ACADEMY— Meets every second Saturday of the month at the Hovnanian School, 817 River Road, New Milford, New Jersey. For information: or 212-689-7810..

May 9-12 —Eastern Prelacy’s National Representative Assembly, hosted by St. Gregory Church, North Andover, Massachusetts. The one-day clergy conference and Conference of Yeretzgeens will take place on Wednesday, May 9. The full Assembly will convene on Thursday, May 10, at 11 am and will conclude on Saturday, May 12, at noon. The National Association of Ladies Guilds Meeting convenes during this time as well. For more information go to www.saintgregory/nra-2018 .

May 11 --National Representative Assembly Banquet Celebration hosted by St. Gregory Church, North Andover, Massachusetts, at the Harris Pelham Inn, 65 Ledge Road, Pelham, New Hampshire. Cocktail reception at 6:30 pm; dinner & program at 7:30 pm. Tickets $75. To purchase tickets online click here.

May 12 —Armenian Relief Society, New Jersey Shakeh Chapter presents “Ascencion,” Sultan Lebanese Restaurant, 429 Crooks Avenue, Clifton, New Jersey 07011, 2 to 5 pm. Music entertainment by Vicken Makoushian. Donation: $50; B.Y.O.B. For further information: Knar Kiledjian (201-233-1560) or

May 28 —Providence ARF and ACAA-RI present a Special Concert to celebrate the 100 th anniversary of the First Republic of Armenia. Maestro Konstantin Petrossian, conductor, featuring the Armenian Chorales of Rhode Island and Greater Worcester and Symphony Orchestra. Special appearance by famed soloist, Babin Boghosian, at the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, 30 Fenner Street, Providence, Rhode Island, 4 to 5:30 pm. Net proceeds will be donated to the Armenian Relief Society’s “Wounded and Disabled Soldiers Project.” Admission is free.

June 24 --Ways to Wellness: A Panel Discussion on Mental Health -- 1:30 p.m. -- St. Sarkis Armenian Church, 38-65 234th Street, Douglaston, NY. For more information, please contact Anahid at (Lecture rescheduled from an earlier date).

July 1-8, 2018 – Datev Summer Program for youth ages 13-18-- The 32 nd annual St. Gregory of Datev Institute Summer Christian Studies Program will take place at the St. Mary of Providence Center in Elverson, Pennsylvania, sponsored by the Armenian Religious Education Council (AREC). For information and registration, contact the AREC office – 212-689-7810 or or click here.

September 21, 2018 to January 13, 2019 —“Armenia!” a large exhibition dedicated to the medieval period of Armenian history and culture at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. The exhibit is the first at the Met dedicated solely to Armenia. Curated by Dr. Helen C. Evans.
October 20 —Armenian Friends America, Inc., Sixth Annual HYE KEF 5, featuring world famous Onnik Dinkjian and the All Stars. Double Tree Hotel, Andover, Massachusetts. Details to follow. .

Follow us on Social Media
The Armenian Prelacy 
Tel: 212-689-7810 ♦ Fax: 212-689-7168 ♦ Email:

Visit the Catholicosate webpage at