Why does the tzibur stand during Avinu Malkeinu?


During the Aseres Yemei Teshuva, the tefilla of Avinu Malkeinu is recited twice daily--once at Shacharis and once at Mincha. It is omitted on Friday at Mincha, on Shabbos and on Erev Yom Kippur (unless Yom Kippur falls on Shabbos). The custom in some congregations is to open the Aron Hakodesh during Avinu Malkeinu. Those who have this custom also stand during Avinu Malkeinu out of respect for the Sifrei Torah. During the verse of Avinu Malkeinu chotonu lefonecha, there are those who strike their chests when mentioning chotonu. Some Achronim discourage this practice, since the tefilla as a whole is not a form of confession.

[שו"ע תקפד, א, משנ"ב ד, ושעה"צ ז; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 4-3 ;שו"ע תרד, ב]


Can ma’aser money be used to pay for an aliya?

The poskim encourage all G-d-fearing people to receive an aliya during the Yomim Noraim. Although it may entail some form of financial outlay, it is nonetheless important to do so. They explain further that a mitzvah which entails an expenditure has an advantage over a mitzvah that is done without cost. According to some opinions, the entire cost of the aliya may be paid from funds earmarked for ma’aser kesafim, provided that one intended to do so at the time of purchase. Others say that only the difference between what the purchaser paid and the next closest bidder offered can be deducted from ma’aser. There is also a disagreement about whether ma’aser money may be used if the funds that are raised from the aliyos are earmarked for a Beis Hakneses and not for poor people.

[משנ"ב תקפד, ח; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 15]




Can a child receive an aliya during the Yomim Noraim?

The portion of the Torah that discusses the birth of Yitzchak Avinu is read on the first day of Rosh Hashonah. The significance of this topic is due to the fact that it was decreed on this day that Yitzchak should be born. Others explain that Rosh Hashonah was the day of his conception. On the second day, the portion of Akeidas Yitzchak is read. When Rosh Hashonah falls during the week there are five aliyos, and when it falls on Shabbos, seven people are called up. Although throughout the year a minor may receive the aliya of maftir, only a married and respected member of the community should receive the aliya during the Yomim Noraim. Others are not particular about this matter, with the exception of maftir on Shabbos Shuvah.

[שו"ע תקפד, ב, ומשנ"ב ז-ח; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 12-11]
  • The Gemara records the practice of various Amoraim who ate particular foods on the night of Rosh Hashonah as good omens for the coming year. The names of these foods allude to blessings that we hope for, and as each of these foods is eaten, a tefilla is recited requesting that the blessing should be fulfilled.

  • The poskim disagree about whether, in landlocked cities, Tashlich may be said in front of a fish tank.

  • The Talmud Yerushalmi states that one who sleeps on Rosh Hashonah will have “sleepy mazel” throughout the year. Based on this concept, Rema quotes a custom not to sleep on the day of Rosh Hashonah. Some Achronim qualify that the custom only applies to lying down to go to sleep, and not to falling asleep while sitting on a chair.



  • How to confuse the Soton on Rosh Hashonah






  • Why should one stand when reciting birchos hamitzvos?






  • Why should a bris milah be done before tekiyas shofar?
PLEASE NOTE: The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.
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