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Eating grain-based products on Erev Pesach afternoon
From the onset of the tenth hour on Erev Pesach, it is forbidden to eat grain-based products. (Regarding the calculation of the tenth hour: The day is divided into 12 equal parts, and each part is called an 'hour.' The prohibition takes effect after nine such hours have gone by and the tenth hour has started. This can alternatively be described as the onset of the 4th hour past chatzos.) Abstaining from (heavy) food during this time will allow the person to eat the matza at the Seder with greater zest. Therefore, even if one started eating grains earlier, he must stop once the 10th hour begins. The Mishnah Berurah explains that this rule is not limited to bread. Any satiating grain-based product, whether baked or cooked, is included.

Eating fruits, vegetables, fish, etc. on Erev Pesach afternoon
Fruits and vegetables may be eaten throughout the day, but one should not fill himself on those. Similarly, the Mishnah Berurah adds that it is permissible to eat fish, meat or eggs throughout the day. (The Kaf Hachaim adds that those who eat kitniyos-beans-on Pesach may also eat those all day.) All of these foods, when not eaten in excess, are not filling.  A person who will lose his appetite if he eats any amount of even these foods should refrain from all foods (Rama).
(סעיף א וס"ק א-ג; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 2)

 Hilchos Tefilla 119-120 (page 290)
 מסעיף ג עד סימן קכא

Reciting the Berachos in Order
Aneinu on a Ta'anis Tzibur
Grouping the Words V'ishei Yisrael

Reciting the berachos in order
The berachos of Shemoneh Esrei were arranged based on an order culled from pesukim. It is necessary to preserve this order when reciting Shemoneh Esrei. If someone made a mistake in one of the middle berachos from Ata Chonein through Shomea Tefilla and is required to repeat the beracha (e.g. he recited v'sein tal umatar in the summer), he must return to the place where the beracha belongs and continue from there. If he completed the tefilla before realizing the error, he must repeat the entire Shemoneh Esrei.
( סימן קיט, סעיף ג וס"ק יג ו־טו; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 13-14)
Aneinu on a ta'anis tzibur
On a ta'anis tzibur the chazan adds Aneinu as a separate beracha between the berachos of Goel Yisrael and Refaeinu. This beracha is added only if seven or more members of the minyan are fasting (and the others are not fasting because they are ill, etc.). Generally, it can be assumed that the clear majority of a minyan is fasting and it is not necessary for the chazan to verify this before reciting Aneinu. If the chazan forgot to insert Aneinu and realized his mistake before completing the beracha of Refaeinu, he should return to Aneinu and then repeat Refaeinu and continue as usual. If the mistake was not caught before the end of the beracha, Aneinu should be included with Shema Koleinu.
( סימן קיט, סעיף ד וס"ק טז ו־יח; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 19, 23, 24 ו־25)
Grouping the words v'ishei Yisrael
There is a discussion amongst the poskim about how to punctuate the following phrase from the beracha of Retzei ( Avodah): "And restore the service to the Holy of Holies of Your Temple and the fire-offerings of Yisrael and their prayer accept with love and favor." Some explain it as two requests--one asking for the restoration of korbanos and the other as a request that Hashem accept our tefillos. This opinion places a comma between Yisrael and their prayer. A second opinion divides the concepts as follows:  the first idea is "return the service to the Holy of Holies of Your Temple," and a second idea is "and the fire-offerings of Yisrael and their prayer." This opinion views the fire-offerings as a form of tefilla, which is equated with korbanos, or - alternatively - as the souls of the righteous, which are offered as sacrifices on the Heavenly mizbayach.
( סימן קכ, ס"ק א)

  • A person may add his personal requests to each of the middle berachos of Shemoneh Esrei. The request must be related to the topic of the beracha. The request should be brief and limited to current needs, without addressing issues that could arise in the future.
  • In the beracha of Shema Koleinu (Shomea Tefilla) it is permissible to add general requests on any topic, even concerns about the future (e.g. asking Hashem to prevent one from becoming ill). It is wise for everyone, including the wealthy, to add supplications about parnasa and to recite a brief viduy.
  • Although it is permissible to add personal requests in Shomea Tefilla, it is advisable to wait and add them after the completion of Shemoneh Esrei in case it becomes necessary to respond to kaddish or kedusha.

  • Reciting the pasuk yehiu l'ratzon after Shemoneh Esrei

  • Responding to kaddish or kedusha when reciting E-lokai, nitzor

  • The time between completing Shemoneh Esrei and taking the three steps back




PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.