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Can a chometzdig medication be used?
The Chazon Ish permits using a medication that contains inedible chometz (nifasl m'achilas adom). Rav Moshe also allowed using such medicine. Some Acharonim consider swallowing a bitter pill as 'unconventional use' which is permitted for the infirm. Others consider swallowing a pill 'conventional use.'  There is a machlokes as to whether bitter pills with a sweet coating may be used on Pesach.
סעיף א וס"ק א-ב, ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 4) )

 Hilchos Tefilla 123 (page 293)
  מאמצע הסעיף והשץ עד סעיף ה

The Order of the Three Steps Back After Shemoneh Esrei
 How to Take Three Steps Back in Case of an Obstacle
Waiting After Taking the Three Steps Back

The order of the three steps back after Shemoneh Esrei
One should take three steps backward upon completing Shemoneh Esrei. Start by taking a step back with the left foot, then take a step further back with the right foot, and finish by taking a third step back with the left foot to meet the right foot. Another method is to start by stepping back with the left foot, then stepping further back with the right foot, then further back with the left foot, and - finally -- stepping back with the right foot to bring both feet together. The Mechaber says that these steps must be at least as far back as 'toe to heel' (i.e. the toe should be placed behind the heel of the stationary foot). The Mishna Berura explains that the first step should be small, the second large, and the third should bring the two feet together. The Rama agrees that the steps may not be too small, but holds that they should not be greater than 'toe to heel.'
( סעיף ג וס"ק יג ו־טו; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 16)
How to take three steps back when something is in the way
If space does not allow for proper steps (toe to heel) going straight backwards, one opinion permits taking the steps to the side and a second opinion permits smaller steps. But according to all, three steps must be taken. Taking more than three steps back is considered arrogant, as though one is trying to show greater honor to Hashem than other people do.
( ס"ק יד; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 17-18)
Waiting after taking three steps back
When davening with a minyan, a person should wait where he is after taking the three steps back, and he should not return to his place until the chazan reaches kedusha. When davening without a minyan, he should wait in his place after taking the three steps for as long as it would normally take the chazan to begin his repetition, and preferably until he would reach kedusha. In either case, when necessary, he may return to his place after the span of time it would take to walk four amos.
( סעיף ב וס"ק יא; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 12)

  • It is permissible to interrupt E-lokai nitzor or other post-Shemoneh Esrei supplicationsand take three steps back in order to respond to kaddish or kedusha. If possible, one should also recite Oseh Shalom prior to answering.
  • Upon completion of Shemoneh Esrei, one should take three steps backwards while bowed. The Oseh Shalom is recited with the feet together as during Shemoneh Esrei.
  • After taking three steps back during Shacharis and Mincha, a person should not return to his place until the chazan reaches kedusha or at least until he begins the repetition

  • The chazan's personal Shemoneh Esrei

  • When does the chazan take his three steps back?

  • Abridging the chazan's personal tefilla




PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.