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Eating Milchigs on Shavuos
The  Rama writes that aside from the regular fleishige meals eaten on Shavuos, there is a custom to eat milchigs also. Since separate loaves are needed for milchigs and fleishigs , by eating milchigs we are sure to eat from an extra loaf of bread. Together, these two loaves (one for the milchigs and one for the fleishigs ) serve as a reminder for the shtei halechem  - the two loaves that were offered in the Beis Hamikdash on Shavuos.


The Mishna Berurah provides another reason for the milchigs. Included in the Aseres Hadibros that Klal Yisrael heard on Shavuos morning, were components of the complete Torah. When the Yidden returned home after Matan Torah, there was not enough time for them to kasher meat in accordance with the many halachos that they had just learned. Therefore, they opted to eat milchigs. Today, we eat milchigs as a reminder of the meal Bnei Yisroel ate that day.

      Hilchos Tzitzis 13 (page 50)

Who May Tie Tzitzis?

Must the Strings be Tied L'shma?

L'shma on Tzitzis

Who may tie tzitzis?

Tzitzis tied by a goy are invalid. Preferably, they should not be tied by a woman or a minor, even one who is under adult supervision. B'dieved,tzitzis tied by a woman or by a minor who is under constant supervision from beginning to end are kosher. A minor may, l'chatchila, tie his own strings and continue to wear them after becoming bar mitzva. The rule prohibiting a goy, woman or minor from tying tzitzis is limited to inserting the strings into the garment, tying the first knot, and wrapping the chulyos. They are permitted to tie the remaining knots and coils without any supervision.

(???? ?, ?"? ?, ? ???, ????"? ?"? ?????? ??"? ????; ??????? ??????? ????, 3)


Must the strings be tied l'shma?

According to the Rambam it is not necessary to tie the tzitzis knots l'shma, but Rashi and many other Rishonim require them to be tied l'shma. Some Acharonim explain that this machlokes refers to a situation in which the strings were deliberately tied not for the purpose of tzitzis, but if they were tied without any specific intention then the tzitzis are kosher according to all. Others hold that the machlokes only refers to a situation in which tzitzis were tied without a specific intention, but if they were specifically tied 'not for tzitzis' then all would agree that they are invalid. A third opinion limits the machlokes to a case where the strings were tied at the behest of a friend, in which case it is possible to assume that the person's intention in tying them was only to fulfill the request but not to make tzitzis. According to this opinion, tzitzis that a person ties for himself are kosher even if they were tied without intention.

(???? ? ????"? ?"? ???? ??"? ??)

L'shma on tzitzis

For a beracha to be recited, the strings must have been inserted and the initial tying done l'shma. It is questionable if a beracha can be recited if the tzitzis were not inserted l'shma but were tied l'shma. Preferably, one should verbally declare his l'shma intention before inserting the strings, but they are kosher even without this verbalization as long as they were inserted with the intention of l'shma. It is only necessary to make this declaration (or have the intention) once, before starting on the first corner. Whatever work is done after that is considered to be a continuation of the initial job.

(???? ?, ?"? ?, ????"? ?"? ??? ??"? ??; ???? ??????? ??????? ????, 16)




  • There are circumstances in which a person is exempt from fulfilling a mitzva or is permitted to violate an issur if fulfilling the mitzva or avoiding the issur would cause him embarrassment. In situation involving terrible embarrassment, a person is allowed to passively (through non-action) violate a d'oraisa, while in a situation involving lesser embarrassment, a person is allowed to actively violate a d'rabonon. The severity of the embarrassment can be judged by the people involved.
  • A talis whose tzitzis tore on Shabbos can be worn as is, since the strings cannot be replaced on Shabbos.
  • If the tzitzis ripped from a talis on a weekday, it is forbidden mid'oraisa to wear it. Every moment it is worn is a violation of the commandment to put tzitzis on one's garments.





  • K'suscha-owning the tzitzis garment

  • Reciting a beracha on a talis lent for the mitzva

  • Reciting a beracha on a talis worn for an aliya or birkas kohanim